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Sound Like a Native with Advanced Turkish Phrases


Turkish learners who have completed the intermediate level, may I have your attention please? You have accomplished quite a bit by finishing this level—congratulations! But are you ready to step up and take your language skills to the next level? If so, then learning advanced Turkish expressions and phrases will be a great way to start adding flavor to your speech and writing. In this article, you’ll have the opportunity to learn over 40 advanced Turkish expressions and phrases, including idioms and proverbs.

This article will not only help you to communicate effectively with native speakers in your daily life but also help you to boost your level of communication at work or in other business relationships. Furthermore, it will be helpful in the academic arena if you are working in the academic industry or attending a school in Turkey.  

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Turkish Table of Contents
  1. Make Your Academic Writing Shine
  2. Stand out with Your Resume and Cover Letter
  3. Impress Your Colleagues at Business Meetings
  4. Get Ahead with Advanced Idioms, Sayings and Proverbs
  5. Set the Bar High with TurkishClass101

1. Make Your Academic Writing Shine

Academic writing requires certain technicality and formality you need to adhere to even if you are writing in your own native language. Articulating your ideas powerfully is critical in writing essays, so make sure to use the following advanced Turkish words and phrases if you want your academic writing in Turkish to shine.

Academic Writing


If you can capture the attention of the readers right at the very beginning, your article will not get lost in the shuffle.

Consider using the Turkish advanced expression and phrases below to get the attention your article deserves:

İlk olarakİlk olarak tezimin amacını belirtmek isterim.
First of allFirst of all, I would like to state the purpose of my thesis.

Genel olarakGenel olarak bu kavram dünyanın birçok ülkesinde kabul görmüştür.
In generalIn general, this concept has been accepted in many countries around the  world.


Pay attention to your flow after the introduction and make sure to maintain the integrity. Make sure that your arguments, examples, comparisons, etc. are clearly expressed. The following advanced Turkish phrases will help you to stay on track.

BenceBence bu örnek savımın doğruluğunu kanıtlıyor.
In my opinionIn my opinion, this example proves the correctness of my argument.

Benim bakış açıma göreBenim bakış açıma göre, bu veriler sonucu değiştirmez. 
From my point of viewFrom my point of view, these data do not change the result.

Buna ilavetenBuna ilaveten, yaptığım başka bir araştırmayı da paylaşmak istiyorum.
In addition to thisIn addition to this, I would like to share another research study that I have done.

Diğer bir deyişleDiğer bir deyişle, teori ile Pratik farklıdır.
In other wordsIn other words, theory and practice are different.

Tahmin edildiği üzereTahmin edildiği üzere, bu deney sadece 20-30 yaş aralığı üzerinde yapılmıştır.
As projectedAs projected, this experiment was only performed on the 20–30 age range.


Wrapping up your ideas and arguments effectively will help the readers to understand your final statement easily. Therefore, use the following advanced Turkish phrases to make sure to get your ideas across.

Özetlemek gerekirseÖzetlemek gerekirse, yukarıda belirtilen tüm faktörler hipotezimin doğruluğunu desteklemektedir.
To sum upTo sum up, all the factors mentioned above support the correctness of my hypothesis.

Sonuç olarakSonuç olarak, genç nüfus listelenen tüm koşulları kabullenmektedir.
As a resultAs a result, the young population accepts all the conditions that are listed.

2. Stand out with Your Resume and Cover Letter

You might be very talented, experienced, and a perfect fit for the job you are applying for. However, if you do not reflect all of these on your resume or if you don’t use the right keywords on your cover letter, guess what, someone else gets the job! This is not the case when you apply for a job in a foreign language; you can face the same problem even in your own native language.


Therefore, it might be a good idea to note the following advanced Turkish words and phrases you can use when writing your resume and a cover letter for a job you are interested in.

Hedef odaklı5 yıllık tecrübeye sahip, hedef odaklı bir mühendisim.
Goal-drivenI am a goal-driven engineer with 5 years of experience.

Sonuç odaklıSonuç odaklı bir yöneticiyim.
Result orientedI am a result oriented manager.

Detaylara önem verenDetaylara önem veren ama bütünü de görebilen biriyim.
Detail orientedI am detail oriented but can also see the whole picture.

Hedeflere ulaşmakHedeflerime ulaşmak her zaman benim için öncelikli olmuştur.
To reach goalsReaching my goals has always been a priority for me.

Yönetim tecrübesiYönetim tecrübem de var.
Management experienceI also have management experience.

En yüksek standartları karşılamakHer zaman en yüksek standartları karşılamak için elimden gelenin en iyisini yaparım.
To meet the highest standardsI always do my best to meet the highest standards.

İletişim becerileriİletişim becerilerimi geliştirmek için xxxx seminerine katıldım.
Communication skillsI attended the xxxx seminar to improve my communication skills.

3. Impress Your Colleagues at Business Meetings

Business meetings are different from social gatherings. You must look confident not only with your posture and attitude but also with your words; you must build up trust and sound like you know what you are talking about.

Business Meeting

The following advanced Turkish words and phrases will help you to be more confident in business meetings held in Turkish and you will be able to impress your Turkish colleagues:

Bugünkü toplantının gündemiBugünkü toplantının gündemi, projenin bütçesinin revizyonu ile ilgilidir.
The agenda of today’s meetingThe agenda of today’s meeting concerns the revision of the project’s budget.

Son teslim tarihiProjenin son teslim tarihinin 1 Eylül olduğunu hatırlatmak isterim.
DeadlineI would like to remind you that the deadline of the project is September 1st.

Bir strateji belirlemekSatışları arttırmak için bir strateji belirlemek gerekir.
To set/determine a strategyIt is necessary to determine a strategy to increase sales.

Yol haritası çıkarmakYol haritamızı çıkarmalıyız.
To make a roadmapWe have to make our roadmap.

Beyin fırtınası yapmakİşe beyin fırtınası yaparak başlayalım.
To brainstormLet’s start by brainstorming.

Görev paylaşımı yapmakBugün görev paylaşımını tamamlamalıyız.
To share tasksWe must complete sharing tasks today.

Lansman yapmakÜrünün lansmanını önümüzdeki ay mutlaka yapmalıyız.
To make a launchWe should definitely launch the product next month.

Bütçe ayırmakEk işler için de bütçe ayırmalıyız.
Allocate a budgetWe should also allocate a budget for additional work.

Ekip/Takım çalışmasıBu projeyi ancak ekip çalışması ile bitirebiliriz.
TeamworkWe can only finish this project with teamwork.

Avantaj ve dezavantajları değerlendirmekKarar vermeden önce avantaj ve dezavantajları değerlendirmeliyiz.
To evaluate/consider the advantages and disadvantagesBefore making a decision, we should consider the advantages and disadvantages.

Just a reminder, there’s a concept called “Plaza language/Turkish.” International or multi-national corporations are usually located in high-rise office buildings, which are called Plaza in Turkish. The majority of the employees in these corporations speak English. In meetings and everyday business conversations, employees usually use the following English words as is:

 “feedback, brainstorming, know-how, mobbing,” etc. Furthermore, you can hear phrases that are half Turkish and half English in these offices.

Example: Print almak – to print

Confirm etmek – to confirm

CC’lemek – to CC

Schedule etmek – to schedule

4. Get Ahead with Advanced Idioms, Sayings and Proverbs

Learning advanced Turkish conversation phrases or Turkish advanced words for tourists will definitely improve your communication. However, you also need to be prepared to hear a lot of idioms, sayings, and proverbs in Turkish. If you are not familiar with them, they will not mean anything to you. You will probably attempt to translate them word for word, but you will end up with strange phrases that don’t make any sense. Therefore, I recommend that you start learning the phrases mentioned here.


Expressions used on special occasions

Don’t panic if there is a special occasion and you don’t know what to say to a Turkish person about it. Here are some life-saving Turkish phrases used at special events, good or bad, happy or sad.

İyi ki doğdunİyi ki doğdun arkadaşım.
Happy Birthday
Literally: Fortunately, you were born.
Happy Birthday, my friend.

Afiyet olsunAfiyet olsun!
Enjoy your meal
Literally: May it be healthy!
Enjoy your meal!

Geçmiş olsunGeçmiş olsun, hasta olduğunu duydum.
Get well
Literally: May it pass
Get well, I heard that you were sick.

Mutlu yıllarMutlu yıllar!
Happy New Year
Literally: Happy years
Happy New Year

Happy New Year
Allah analı babalı büyütsünÇok güzel bir bebek, Allah analı babalı büyütsün.
 This is used for newborn babies.
Literally: May God let him/her grow up with both a mom and a dad.
Very beautiful baby, may God let him/her grow up with both a mom and a dad.

Nazar değmesinNazar değmesin, kızınız çok akıllı.  
Literally: May you/something not be touched by the evil eyeMay she not be touched by the evil eye, your daughter is very smart.

Çok yaşa  Çok yaşa!
It’s used when someone sneezes. Means bless you
Literally: Live long
Bless you!

Başınız sağolsunBaşınız sağolsun, çok üzüldüm.
It’s used when someone dies. Means condolences
Literally: May your head be live
Condolences, I’m so sorry.

Sıhhatler olsunSıhhatler olsun
It is used after a shower.
Literally: May it bring health
May it bring health


Using and understanding proverbs correctly is a sign that you are an advanced Turkish learner, but it’s also an indication that you have started getting to know core values and traditions of Turkey as well because proverbs give you insight about the culture of a country.

Here are a few that will get you started. Click here if you are interested in learning more Turkish proverbs.

Gülme komşuna gelir başına
It means that, if you criticize someone for something, the same thing may happen to you and you may be criticized as well.
Literally: Don’t laugh at your neighbor, it happens to you.  

Damlaya damlaya göl olur.
Many small make a great.
Literally: Drop by drop becomes a lake.

Eşeğe altın semer de vursan eşek yine eşektir
You can put lipstick on a pig, but it’s still a pig.
Literally: Even if you saddle a donkey with a golden saddle, the donkey is still a donkey.

Doğru söyleyeni dokuz köyden kovarlar
All truth is not always to be told.
Literally: They expel the one who tells the truth from nine villages. 

Zararın neresinden dönersen kardır
It is never too late to mend.
Literally: Where you come back from the loss is profit.

Görünen köy kılavuz istemez
When something is obvious, it’s not necessary for someone to make an explanation about it.
Literally: One does not need a guide when the village is in sight.

Set the Bar High with TurkishClass101

You have learned around 40 advanced Turkish words and phrases with the help of this article. Explore more Turkish advanced expression and phrases with TurkishClass101, which has numerous audio recordings, tons of vocabulary lists, and free resources including the dictionary you can benefit from.

Don’t forget that there is also MyTeacher, which is the premium service of TurkishClass101 that you can use to practice with a private teacher.

Do you know what else is good about it? You can download the app for free and use it wherever you are.

Last but not the least; please continue to provide us feedback about all the resources provided at TurkishClass101!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Turkish

The Most Useful Intermediate Turkish Phrases


Congratulations on completing the beginner level! 

As you prepare to continue your Turkish learning journey at the intermediate level, you may be worried about the new challenges and difficulties you’ll need to face. The good news is that learning and practicing the intermediate Turkish phrases listed in this article will take you a long way. Furthermore, you can rely on to help fill in the gaps and get you leveled up in no time. 

In this article, we will introduce you to about 30 useful Turkish phrases for intermediate learners. These are phrases that you can use in a variety of circumstances: 

  • Talking about your memories
  • Telling others your plans
  • Giving justifications
  • Making recommendations and complaints
  • Expressing yourself in daily conversations
  • Being polite in social and business settings

Don’t miss out on this opportunity to improve your Turkish. Learn these intermediate Turkish phrases today, and start off the next phase of your learning journey on the right foot!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Turkish Table of Contents
  1. Memories and Past Events
  2. Making and Changing Plans
  3. Giving Justification
  4. Recommend, Praise, and Complain
  5. Daily Conversations
  6. Etiquette Phrases for Social and Business Settings
  7. Practice Intermediate Turkish Phrases with TurkishClass101

1. Memories and Past Events

Anecdotes and memories are definitely good conversation builders. Sharing your past experiences with someone will also help the other person get to know you better. And that will surely take the relationship one step—maybe even a couple of steps—further.

Several Black-and-White Photographs

At the beginner level, you became familiar with the present tense. Now, it’s time to get some exposure to the past tense so that you can talk about a wider range of topics. 

    ➜ Need a refresher? You can read our blog post about tenses in Turkish for some useful information. 

Here are a few Turkish phrases for intermediate learners that will help you talk about past events and have deeper conversations:

Haftasonu partide çok eğlendik.We had a lot of fun at the party over the weekend.
O an kendimi çok kötü hissettim.I felt very bad at that moment.
Küçük bir evim vardı ama sattım.I had a small house, but I sold it.
Köpeğimin öldüğü gün hayatımın en kötü günüydü.The day my dog died was the worst day of my life.
Eskiden buz pateni yapardım.I used to ice skate.
Gençken çok zayıftım.I was very thin when I was young.
Kızımın doğduğu gün hayatımın en mutlu günüydü.The day my daughter was born was the happiest day of my life.

2. Making and Changing Plans

As you socialize more and deepen your relationships with the Turkish people around you, the need to make plans will arise. In this section, we’ll show you several Turkish phrases for intermediate-level learners that you can use when making, changing, or discussing plans. Feel free to adjust them for your needs.

Changing Plans

Bu haftasonu müsait misin?Are you available this weekend?
Bu akşamki konsere gidelim mi?Shall we go to the concert tonight?

Literally: Can we go to the concert that is tonight?
Toplantıyı yarın öğleden sonraya erteleyebilir miyiz?Can we postpone the meeting to tomorrow afternoon?
Partiyi iptal etmek zorunda kaldım.I had to cancel the party.
Partiye kız/erkek arkadaşımla gelebilir miyim?Can I come to the party with my girlfriend/boyfriend?
Bu uçuş ertelendi.This flight has been delayed.

Literally: This flight has been postponed.
Cumartesi sinemaya gideceğiz, değil mi?We’re going to go to the movies on Saturday, aren’t we?

3. Giving Justification

Explaining what you’ve done or what you’ll be doing might be simple for you at this stage. However, you must learn how to give the reasons behind your behavior, beliefs, plans, or goals, as this will allow you to communicate and express yourself more effectively. Once you pick up a few Turkish conjunction words, you’ll find that giving reasons is not that difficult.

Below are some intermediate Turkish phrases that will help you make your points more clear.

Toplantıya katılamadım çünkü hastalandım.I couldn’t join the meeting because I got sick.
Arabam bozulduğu için geç kaldım.I’m late because my car broke down.

Literally: I was late because my car broke down.
Sana iki nedenden dolayı katılmıyorum.
Birincisi, bana verdiğin süre çok kısa.
İkincisi, bu bütçe yeterli değil.
I don’t agree with you due to two reasons.
Firstly, the time you gave me is short.
Secondly, this budget isn’t sufficient.
Bana doğruyu söylemedin. O yüzden sana kızgınım.You didn’t tell me the truth. That’s why I’m angry with you.
Bana haksızlık etmeseydin sana bu kadar kızmazdım.I wouldn’t be so mad at you if you hadn’t been unfair to me.
O özür diledi, böylece tekrar görüşmeye başladık.(S)he apologized, so we started seeing each other again.
Uyuya kalmışım. O nedenle gelemedim.I fell asleep. That’s why I couldn’t come.

4. Recommend, Praise, and Complain

Sharing your experiences, both good and bad, indicates sincerity in your personal interactions. Your remarks, recommendations, compliments, and complaints can also lead people to make better choices. Therefore, learning how to build sentences for these purposes will be very useful! 

Take a look at the sample intermediate Turkish phrases below, and start sharing your opinions and recommendations with native Turkish speakers.

O otel çok temiz; kesinlikle tavsiye ederim.That hotel is very clean; I definitely recommend it.
Bu kullandığım en iyi makyaj temizleyici; mutlaka denemelisin.This is the best makeup remover I’ve ever used; you must try it.
O marka çok kötü; kesinlikle tavsiye etmem.That brand is very bad; I would definitely not recommend it.
Müzik alanında çok yeteneklisin, tebrik ederim.You are very talented in music, congratulations.

Literally: You are talented in the area of music, congratulations.
Bu ödülü en çok sen hakettin.You deserved this award the most.
Bana bu şekilde davranmamalıydın.You shouldn’t have treated me like that.
Sizi polise şikayet edeceğim.I will report you to the police.

Five Hands Giving the Thumbs-up Sign

5. Daily Conversations

I’m sure you learned many simple sentences for carrying out daily conversations at the beginner level. How about adding more flavor to what you already know? Enrich your everyday conversations with the following Turkish phrases for intermediate learners:

Bu çok güzel bir haber.This is very good news.
Gelebildiğine çok sevindim.I’m very glad that you were able to come.
Şaka mı yapıyorsun?Are you kidding me?
Gerçekten mi?Really?
Allah korusun!God forbid!

Literally: May God protect!
Umarım!I hope so!

Literally: I hope!
Geçmiş olsun, acil şifalar dilerim.Get well soon; I wish you a quick recovery.

Literally: May it pass; I wish you urgent recoveries.

Two Women Having a Conversation in a Coffee Shop

6. Etiquette Phrases for Social and Business Settings

Customs and traditions differ from country to country. Knowing the cultural etiquette of Turkey will make your interactions more comfortable in both social and professional contexts.

    ➜ A great place to start learning about Turkish culture is in this blog article from

Since business settings are more formal, foreigners are usually afraid of making mistakes. Some people might cut the conversation short to avoid saying something wrong or accidentally offending someone.

Business Setting

Here are some useful intermediate Turkish phrasesthat you can use confidently to have kind, good, and respectful communicationwith Turkish people in both social and professional settings.

Afiyet olsun.Bon appetit.
İyi yolculuklar.Have a nice trip.
Nasıl yardımcı olabilirim?How can I help you?
Benim için bir zevkti.It was a pleasure for me.
Rahatsız ettiysem özür dilerim.I apologize if I bothered you.
Bir şeye ihtiyacınız var mı?Do you need anything?
Şerefe! (only used when drinking alcoholic beverages)Cheers!

Literally: To honor!

7. Practice Intermediate Turkish Phrases with TurkishClass101

This article introduced you to many Turkish phrases for intermediate-level learners. However, there are many more words, phrases, expressions, and grammar points to explore. 

TurkishClass101 makes it easy to learn Turkish online, level up your skills, and start speaking right away. We provide an array of audio recordings, vocabulary lists, and free resources (including this Turkish-English dictionary). What’s more, you can download the app for free and learn Turkish wherever you are.

Don’t forget that there is also our Premium PLUS service, MyTeacher; with MyTeacher, you can learn and practice with a private teacher while receiving real-time feedback.

Last but not least, please continue to provide us with feedback about all the resources we offer you at!

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Advanced Turkish Words Worth Learning


Have you completed the intermediate level in your Turkish studies? Would you like to continue improving your language skills in order to stand out and impress native speakers? 

Then you’ve hit the bullseye! You’re at the right address. 

In this article, we will introduce you to all of the essential advanced Turkish words you should know. This includes general vocabulary for everyday life, as well as words related to academia, business, the legal system, and medicine. At the end, we’ll also show you several words you can incorporate into your essays or writing tests to score higher. 

Learning these advanced Turkish vocabulary words will require more diligence and effort, but if you stay focused on the target, you’ll reap the fruits of your hard work.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Turkish Table of Contents
  1. Advanced Words for Everyday Life
  2. Advanced Academic Vocabulary
  3. Advanced Business Vocabulary
  4. Advanced Medical Vocabulary
  5. Advanced Legal Vocabulary
  6. Advanced Vocabulary for Essay Writing
  7. Raise the Bar with TurkishClass101

1. Advanced Words for Everyday Life

First, let’s look at advanced Turkish words you’ll find useful in your day-to-day interactions with native speakers. We have categorized these words based on part of speech and included an example sentence for each one. 


MadenTürkiye’nin en büyük altın madeni Kışladağ altın madenidir.
MineThe Kışladağ gold mine is the largest gold mine in Turkey.

KapşonKapşonunu geçir; dışarıda hava soğuk.
HoodPut your hood up; it’s cold outside.

MaddeMaddenin üç hali vardır: sıvı, gaz ve katı.
MatterMatter has three states: liquid, gas, and solid.

MazeretDersi kaçırdım ama geçerli bir mazeretim vardı.
ExcuseI missed the class, but I had a legitimate excuse.

CiddiyetHayatın ciddiyetini yeni fark etti.
Seriousness(S)he just realized the seriousness of life.

ÇareÖlümden başka her şeyin bir çaresi vardır.
RemedyThere is a remedy for everything except death.


CimriHenry çok cimri bir insandır.
StingyHenry is a very stingy person.

Art niyetliOndan uzak dur; o çok art niyetli biri.
MalevolentStay away from him/her; (s)he is a very malevolent person.

MarifetliO el işlerinde çok marifetlidir.
Skillful(S)he is very skillful with handicrafts.

MasumBence o masum; ben ona inanıyorum.
InnocentI think (s)he is innocent; I believe him/her.

SuçluO suçlu bulundu ve ceza aldı.
Guilty(S)he was found guilty and was sentenced.

Aç gözlüMary hep daha fazlasını ister; o çok aç gözlüdür.
GreedyMary always wants more; she is very greedy.


CesurcaTebrik ederim, cesurca her şeyi söyledin ona.
BravelyCongratulations, you bravely said everything to him/her.

CömertçeTüm parasını cömertçe ağlayan çocuğa verdi.
Generously(S)he gave all his/her money generously to the crying boy/girl.

Ciddi bir şekildeBu konuyu ciddi bir şekilde düşünmeni istiyorum.
SeriouslyI want you to think about this subject seriously.

Tam olarakTam olarak nerede olduğunu bilmek istiyorum.
ExactlyI want to know exactly where you are.


EleştirmekEleştir ama lütfen yapıcı ol.
To criticizeCriticize, but please be constructive.

FısıldamakKardeşim annemin duymasını istemediği için kulağıma yavaşça fısıldadı.
To whisperMy sibling whispered softly in my ear because (s)he didn’t want my mom to hear.

EşleştirmekAşağıdaki kelimeleri tanımları ile eşleştirin.
To matchMatch the words below with their definitions.

Tepki vermek/göstermekBu duruma aşırı tepki gösteriyorsun.
To reactYou are overreacting to this situation.

KarşılaştırmakBu iki tabloyu karşılaştırman gerek.
To compareYou need to compare these two tables.

KatlamakKazaklarını bavula koymadan önce katla lütfen.
To foldPlease fold your sweaters before you put them in the suitcase.

AşırmakMutfaktan bir tane kurabiye aşırdım.
To stealI stole a cookie from the kitchen.

FırlatmakTopu yukarı fırlattım ama pencereye çarptı.
To throwI threw the ball up, but it hit the window.

SarkmakKollarınızın omuzlarınızdan serbestçe sarkmasına izin verin.
To dangle fromLet your arms dangle freely from your shoulders.

2. Advanced Academic Vocabulary

Do you plan to attend university in Turkey? Then you’ll greatly benefit from learning these advanced Turkish words related to academia. These words will help you understand lectures, write essays, and perform well on tests. 


TezTezinizi yazarken net cümleler kullanın.
Thesis / PaperUse clear sentences when writing your thesis/paper.

MakaleMakale yazarken alıntılama kurallarına dikkat etmen gerekir.
ArticleWhen writing an article, you should pay attention to the rules of citation.

AraştırmaAraştırma konun nedir?
ResearchWhat is your research topic?

TaslakMakaleni yazmadan önce bir taslak oluşturmalısın.
OutlineBefore you write your article, you should create an outline.

AnketBu araştırma için on tane anket yaptım.
SurveyI did ten surveys for this research.

Kanıt / DelilTeorini ispatlamak için kanıt sunman gerekir.
EvidenceTo prove your theory, you have to provide evidence.

AlıntıLütfen alıntı kurallarına dikkat et.
CitationPlease pay attention to the citation rules.

VeriVerileri göndermeniz gerekiyor.
DataYou need to submit the data.

SunumAraştırmam ile ilgili bir sunum yapacağım.
Presentation  I will make a presentation about my research.

ProjeBitirme projemi yarın teslim etmem lazım.
ProjectI have to deliver my graduation project tomorrow.

TabloVerileri Excel tablosuna aktarmak gerekiyor.
TableIt is necessary to transfer the data to the Excel table.

SatırTablo 50 satırdan oluşmaktadır.
RowThe table consists of 50 rows.  

SütunTablo 50 sütundan oluşmaktadır.
ColumnThe table consists of 50 columns.  


GöstermekBu çalışmanın sonuçlarını göstermek gerek.
To demonstrateIt is necessary to demonstrate the results of this study.

İçermekBu dosya tüm verileri içermektedir.
To include / To involveThis file includes all the data.

Analiz etmekAnaliz etmeden sonuca varamazsın.
To analyzeYou can’t come to a conclusion without analyzing it.

ÇözmekBu soruyu çözmek için tam 20 dakika harcadım.
To solveI spent 20 minutes solving this question.

Deney yapmakDeney yapmak için laboratuvara gidiyorum.
To experimentI’m going to the lab to do an experiment.

SunmakYarın projemi sunacağım.   
To present  I will present my project tomorrow.

ÖlçmekTabloyu oluşturmak için önce malzemeleri ölçmek lazım.    
To measureIn order to create the table, we first need to measure the materials.

YorumlamakÖncelikle bu rakamları yorumlamak lazım.     
To interpretFirst of all, these numbers should be interpreted.

Kontrol etmekKendini kontrol etmeyi öğrenmelisin.
To controlYou have to learn to control yourself.

TartışmakBilim adamları bu konuyu kendi aralarında tartıştılar.
To discussScientists discussed this topic among themselves.

KanıtlamakO hipotezini kanıtladı.
To prove(S)he proved his hypothesis.

EtkinleştirmekŞifreni etkinleştirmeyi unutma!
To activateDon’t forget to activate your password.

A Wman in a Graduation Cap and Gown, Smiling and Holding a Diploma

3. Advanced Business Vocabulary

Impress your colleagues by using the following advanced Turkish vocabulary words related to the business world. 

Genel müdürlükGenel müdürlük başka bir yere taşındı.
HeadquartersThe headquarters moved to another location.

VizyonÇalıştığım şirket vizyonunu geliştiren bir şirket olduğu için çok şanslıyım.
VisionI’m very lucky that the company I work for is a company that enhances its vision.

MisyonBir şirketin vizyonu kadar misyonu da önemlidir.
MissionA company’s mission is as important as its vision.

Mission Impossible: Rogue Nation Image

StratejiPandemi dolayısıyla satış stratejimizi değiştirmemiz gerek.
StrategyBecause of the pandemic, we need to change our sales strategy.

KârBu yılki kâr marjımız %10 daha yüksek.   
ProfitOur profit margin is 10% higher this year.

YatırımBu yıl yatırımlarımızı artırmamız lazım.
InvestmentThis year, we need to increase our investments.

FonYeterince fonumuz yok.
FundWe don’t have enough funds.

MasrafSabit masraflarımızı düşürmemiz gerek.
ExpenseWe need to reduce our fixed costs.

MaliBu yıl mali açıdan güçlüyüz.
FinancialThis year, we are strong in terms of finances.

Faiz oranıFaiz oranları düştü.  
Interest rateInterest rates have dropped.

VarlıkAraçlar sabit varlık olarak kabul edilir.
AssetVehicles are considered fixed assets.

MalBu mallar için büyük bir depoya ihtiyacımız var.
Merchandise / GoodsWe need a large warehouse for these goods.

MalzemeMalzeme ihtiyaç listesi üzerinde çalışıyorum.
MaterialI am working on a material requirements list.

EnvanterYarın envanter sayımı yapılacak.
Inventory  There will be an inventory count tomorrow.

DepartmanSatınalma departmanında çalışıyorum.
DepartmentI work in the purchasing department.

MuhasebeBordro kesintilerinizi muhasebe departmanına sorabilirsiniz.
AccountingYou can tell the accounting department about your payroll deductions.

İnsan KaynaklarıÖzgeçmişinizi insan kaynakları departmanına gönderin.
Human ResourcesSend your CV to the human resources department.

SatışSatış hedeflerimizi belirledik.
SalesWe determined our sales goals.

Satın almaOnların merkezi bir satın alma departmanları var.
PurchasingThey have a central purchasing department.

SözleşmeYeni bir satış sözleşmesi yaptık.
ContractWe made a new sales contract.

4. Advanced Medical Vocabulary

Another set of important words in Turkish for advanced learners is medical vocabulary. Whether you plan to attend medical school in Turkey or happen to find yourself in the ER during your travels, knowing these words and terms will prove quite useful. 


Acil servis Baş ağrım beni öldürüyordu, bu yüzden acil servise gitmem gerekti.
Emergency roomMy headache was killing me, so I had to go to the emergency room.

Yoğun bakım Teyzem henüz yoğun bakımdan çıkmadı.
Intensive careMy aunt has not left intensive care yet.

Ameliyathane Ameliyat için beni ameliyathaneye götürmek üzereler.
Surgery roomThey are about to take me to the surgery room for the operation.

Tansiyon Tansiyonum yüksek; hemen hastaneye gitmem lazım.
Blood pressureMy blood pressure is high; I have to go to the hospital.

Alerji Baharda alerji belirtileri artıyor.
AllergyAllergy symptoms increase in the spring.

A Doctor Pointing to Something on a Clipboard that a Nurse Is Holding

Bağışıklık Bağışıklık sistemini güçlü tutman gerek.
ImmunityYou need to keep your immune system strong.

Röntgen Acilen röntgen çektirmem gerekiyor.
X-rayI urgently need to get an X-ray.

Kalp krizi Arkadaşım yakın zaman içinde kalp krizi geçirdi.
Heart attackMy friend has recently had a heart attack.    

Kanser Amcam kanserden öldü.  
Cancer  My uncle died of cancer.

Ameliyat Ameliyat gayet başarılı geçti.
SurgeryThe surgery was very successful.

Anestezi Ameliyat genel anestezi ile yapıldı.
AnesthesiaThe surgery was carried out under general anesthesia.

Teşhis Sam’in teşhisinde çok geç kaldılar.
DiagnosisThey were too late for Sam’s diagnosis.

Travma Okulda çıkan yangının ardından öğrenciler travma tedavisi gördü.
TraumaThe students were treated for trauma after the fire at school.  

Yara Şaşırtıcı bir şekilde, yara kendi kendine iyileşti.
WoundTo my surprise, the wound healed itself.

Tedavi O kanser tedavisi görüyor.
Treatment(S)he is getting cancer treatment.

Reçete Doktor reçete yazdı mı?
PrescriptionHas the doctor written a prescription?

Yan etki Bu ilacın bilinen bir yan etkisi yoktur.
Side effectThis medicine has no known side effects.

  Aşı Corona aşısını uzun bir süre bekledik.
VaccineWe have waited for the Coronavirus vaccine for a long time.

  İğne Doktor başımın ağrısı için iğne yaptı.
InjectionThe doctor gave me an injection for my headache.


Bulaşıcı Corona bulaşıcı bir virüstür.
ContagiousThe Coronavirus is a contagious virus.

Steril Ameliyathaneler mutlaka steril olmalı.
SterileSurgery rooms must be absolutely sterile.

5. Advanced Legal Vocabulary

As you approach an advanced level in Turkish, you’ll benefit from picking up at least a few words related to the legal system. This will allow you to follow the news with greater ease, engage in more complex conversations, and even avoid unfortunate misunderstandings. Here’s the advanced legal vocabulary in Turkish you should start learning: 


HukukHukuk önünde herkes eşittir.
LawEveryone is equal before the law.

AdaletAdalete inanıyorum.
JusticeI believe in justice.

A Gavel, Some Thick Books, and a Scale

İnsan haklarıİnsan hakları hakkında hiçbir şey bilmiyorlar.
Human rights  They know nothing about human rights.

AvukatBu konuda with avukata danışmam lazım.
LawyerI need to consult with a lawyer on this matter.

HâkimHâkim davayı erteledi.
JudgeThe judge adjourned the case.

NoterBu belgenin bir noter tarafından onaylanması gerekiyor.
NotaryThis document needs to be certified by a notary.

Tanık / ŞahitTanık hırsızın kaçtığını söyledi.
WitnessThe witness said the robber escaped.

MahkemeMahkemede çok heyecanlandım.
CourtI got very excited in court.

HapishaneHapishanede kavga çıktı.
Jail / PrisonA fight broke out in prison.

SabıkalıOnun bir sabıkalı olduğunu duyduğumda şok oldum.
CriminalI was shocked when I heard he was a criminal.

ŞüpheliŞüpheli polis koruması altındaydı.
SuspectThe suspect was under police protection.

DavaOnları dava açmakla tehdit ettim.
LawsuitI threatened to file a lawsuit against them.

DuruşmaAvukat duruşma sırasında kalp krizi geçirdi.
TrialThe lawyer had a heart attack during the trial.

SoruşturmaSoruşturma henüz bitmedi.
InvestigationThe investigation is not over yet.

Para cezasıHapis yerine para cezası aldı.
Fine(S)he got a fine rather than prison.


Kanuni / Yasal  Uyuşturucu kullanmak kanuni/yasal değildir.
Legal  It’s not legal to use drugs.


SavunmakAvukatım seni iyi savunacaktır.
To defendMy attorney will defend you well.

İhlal etmekTrafik kurallarını ihlal ettiği için para cezası aldı.
To violate(S)he was fined for violating traffic rules.

Beraat etmekArkadaşım nihayet suçsuz bulundu ve beraat etti.
To be acquittedMy friend was finally found not guilty and has been acquitted.

Teşhis etmekSonunda şüpheliyi teşhis edebildi.
To identifyFinally, (s)he was able to identify the suspect.

6. Advanced Vocabulary for Essay Writing

Are you attending school in Turkey? Then there are a few advanced Turkish words and phrases you should know in order to write better essays, score higher on exams, and impress your teachers. 


Önemli noktaKitabın önemli noktası ana karakterin psikolojisiydi.
HighlightThe highlight of the book was the main character’s psychology.

İçerikİçerik belirleme konu seçimi kadar önemlidir.
ContentContent determination is as important as topic selection.

UygulamaUygulama bazen teoriden daha önemlidir.
Practice / ApplicationPractice is sometimes more important than theory.

TerminolojiDoktorun dediklerinden hiçbir şey anlamadım; sürekli tıp terminolojisi kullanıyor.
TerminologyI did not understand anything the doctor said; he was constantly using medical terminology.


YüzeyselYüzeysel bir yaklaşımdan uzak durmalısın.
SuperficialYou should avoid a superficial approach.

AyrıntılıBunu daha ayrıntılı bir şekilde anlatmalısın.
DetailedYou should explain this in a more detailed way.

GerekliÖrneklerin verilmesi gereklidir.
NecessaryProviding examples is necessary. 

GeçerliBana geçerli bir neden söylemelisin.
ValidYou must tell me a valid reason.

GeçersizBu veriler geçersiz.
InvalidThis data is invalid.


İstikrarlı bir şekildeJack, öğretmeni onu uyardığından beri her gün istikrarlı bir şekilde okula zamanında geliyor.
ConsistentlyJack has been coming to school consistently on time every day ever since his teacher warned him.

KesinlikleSana kesinlikle katılıyorum.
DefinitelyI definitely agree with you.

TamamenBu durumda tamamen sen haklısın.
ExactlyIn this case, you are exactly right.


İfade etmekYanlış anlaşılmak istemiyorsan kendini daha iyi ifade etmelisin.
To expressIf you don’t want to be misunderstood, you should express yourself better.

YönlendirmekTüm çabalarınızı kitabınızı yazmaya yönlendirin.
To directDirect all your efforts into writing your book.

EtkilemekOkuyucuları etkilemek istiyorsan daha içten yazmalısın.
To impressIf you want to impress readers, you have to write more sincerely.

VurgulamakAna fikri daha çok vurgulamalısın.
To emphasizeYou should emphasize the main idea more.

AlgılamakBu sessizliği kabullenme olarak algılama.
To perceiveDon’t perceive this silence as acceptance.

KeşfetmekSenin nasıl bir hayal dünyan olduğunu keşfetmek istiyorum.
To exploreI want to explore what kind of a fantasy world you have.

Maruz kalmakNükleer santralde meydana gelen kaza nedeniyle çok sayıda kişi radyasyona maruz kaldı.
To be exposed toMany people were exposed to radiation because of the accident at the nuclear plant.

Ortaya çıkarmak  Tanık onun aradığı cevapları ortaya çıkardı.
To revealThe witness revealed the answers (s)he was looking for.

OnaylamakBu siparişi onaylıyorum.
To confirmI’m confirming this order.

Desteklemek  Bu fikrini destekleyecek argümanlar bulmalısın.
To supportYou need to find arguments to support this idea.

ReddetmekTeklifi neden reddettiğini bana hemen söylemelisin.
To rejectYou need to tell me right now why you rejected the offer.

Düzene sokmak/düzenlemek  Bütçemizi düzenlemek için elimizden gelenin en iyisini yapmalıyız.
To regulateWe must try our best to regulate our budget.

Essay Writing

KısıtlamakAslında o, onun faaliyetlerini kısıtlamak istemedi.
To restrictActually, (s)he didn’t mean to restrict his/her activities.

7. Raise the Bar with TurkishClass101

You now have easy access to a long list of advanced Turkish words in a variety of categories. Make sure to add the most relevant words to your flashcard deck and start practicing right away! 

You can learn even more advanced Turkish words at by making use of our vocabulary lists, free resources, and online Turkish dictionary. For 1-on-1 coaching and personalized assignments, you can upgrade to Premium PLUS and take advantage of our MyTeacher service. 

Not sure where to start? We recommend checking out our advanced Turkish lesson series, which contains 25 lessons and assignments designed for advanced learners like yourself.  

What’s more, you can download the free app to learn Turkish wherever you are! 

Last but not least, please continue to provide us with feedback about all the resources provided at TurkishClass101

Happy learning!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Turkish

Level Up with Intermediate Turkish Vocabulary


Are you approaching the intermediate level in Turkish? Great job! I hope you realize how remarkable your accomplishment is. 

Of course, you still have a long way to go and more milestones to complete. 

To make the transition from beginner to intermediate Turkish easier for you, we’ve compiled a list of about 300 intermediate Turkish words you should start memorizing at this stage. You’ll find words in a variety of categories, from large numbers to pronouns and adverbs. 

Ready to expand your Turkish vocabulary and start having deeper conversations? Let’s go!

A Representation of Climbing the Ladder of Success

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Turkish Table of Contents
  1. Numbers from Teens to Millions
  2. Pronouns
  3. Nouns
  4. Adjectives
  5. Adverbs
  6. Prepositions
  7. Verbs
  8. Conjunction Words
  9. Level up to intermediate Turkish with

1. Numbers from Teens to Millions

In our beginner words article, you learned the numbers 0-10. Now you’re ready to learn larger numbers, starting with the teens. But first, I’d like to remind you that when a number precedes a noun in Turkish, the noun does not take the plural suffix (unlike in English). 


  • Sandalye (“Chair”)
  • Bir sandalye (“One chair”)
  • Dokuz sandalye (“Nine chairs”)


11On bir
12On iki
13On üç
14On dört
15On beş
16On altı
17On yedi
18On sekiz
19On dokuz




In Turkish, the number 100 is yüz. To form the numbers from 200 to 900, all you have to do is place a number from 2-9 in front of this word: 

200İki yüz
300Üç yüz
400Dört yüz
500Beş yüz
600Altı yüz
700Yedi yüz
800Sekiz yüz
900Dokuz yüz


The thousands follow a similar pattern. The Turkish word for 1,000 is bin; simply place a number 2-9 in front of this word to form your intended “thousands” number. 

2,000İki bin
3,000Üç bin
4,000Dört bin
5,000Beş bin
6,000Altı bin
7,000Yedi bin
8,000Sekiz bin
9,000Dokuz bin

Let’s Count Even Higher…

Here are some numbers with many zeros!

10,000On bin
100,000Yüz bin
1,000,000Bir milyon
1,000,000,000Bir trilyon

2. Pronouns

At the beginner level, you learned…

  • …the six personal pronouns in Turkish.
  • …the possessive and interrogative pronouns. 
  • …that Turkish has no grammatical gender. 
  • …that Turkish has a polite “you,” which is the same as the plural “you.”

Now, it’s time for you to learn even more Turkish pronouns in different categories. Keep in mind that we also have an article all about Turkish pronouns on our website, so check it out if you need a refresher. 

Indefinite Pronouns

Bir şeySomething
Bir yerSomewhere
Her yerEverywhere
Her şeyEverything
Hiç kimseNo one
Hiçbir şeyNothing
Hiçbir yerNowhere


  • Biri senin nerede olduğunu sordu. (“Someone asked where you were.”)
  • Bugün hiçbir şey yapmadım. (“I did nothing today.”)

Relative Pronouns



  • O arabanın kimin arabası olduğunu buldum. (“I figured out whose car that is.”)
  • O kızın hangi oyunu sevdiğini biliyorum. (“I know which game that girl likes.”)

Accusative Pronouns



  • Beni yalnız bırak. (“Leave me alone.”)
  • Onları seviyorum. (“I love them.”)

Dative Pronouns 

BanaTo me
SanaTo you
OnaTo her
To him
BizeTo us
SizeTo you
OnlaraTo them


  • O notlarını bana verdi. (“He/she gave his/her notes to me.”)
  • O resimleri sana gönderdi mi? (“Did he/she send the pictures to you?”)

3. Nouns

I’m sure you already know many Turkish nouns by now! Are you ready to study more complex ones to bulk up your intermediate Turkish vocabulary?




Şehir merkeziDowntown
Hayvanat bahçesiZoo
KarakolPolice station
PostanePost office



Technology is everywhere, so let’s add more technology-related words to your vocabulary.

Sosyal medyaSocial media


ApartmanApartment building
Yatak odasıBedroom
Yemek odasıDining room
SalonLiving room


Servis kaşığıServing spoon
Şarap bardağı
Şarap kadehi



Dear fashionistas, the list below is specifically for you. 

Takım elbiseSuit
Kot pantolonJeans
Uzun kolluLong sleeve
Kısa kolluShort sleeve
Bisiklet yakaCrew-neck
V yakaV-neck

Please note that the word pantolon (“pants”) is singular in Turkish, unlike in English.


4. Adjectives

Now that you have a better understanding of the Turkish language and a solid vocabulary base, you’re able to start making the most of adjectives and other descriptive words. Below are several intermediate Turkish adjectives to start practicing right away. 

Gururlu Proud
Sinir bozucuAnnoying
BayatNot fresh

A Woman Biting a Sour Lemon

5. Adverbs

Adverbs are words that provide more information about a verb, an adjective, or even another adverb. Using the right Turkish adverbs in your conversations or writing can add clarity and structure to your thoughts. 

SonundaAt last
ArtıkNo longer
Son zamanlardaLately
Hemen hemenAlmost
Zaman zamanFrom time to time
Hemen şimdiRight now
Şu anŞu andaAt the moment
Aynı zamandaAt the same time
Mümkün olan en kısa zamandaAs soon as possible
Uzun zamandırFor a long time
BirazdanIn a little while

6. Prepositions

ÖnündeIn front of
YanındaNext to
Inside of
Sonra After

7. Verbs

As a beginner, you learned basic action words and auxiliaries that helped you get your point across. Learning more advanced verbs is a great way to improve your Turkish, and it will enable you to speak on a greater variety of topics. Here are the essential intermediate Turkish verbs: 

Yaşamak To live
Ölmek To die
BüyümekTo grow
YaşlanmakTo get old
HastalanmakTo get sick
İyileşmek To recover
YorulmakTo get tired
Dinlenmek To rest
ErtelemekTo postpone
Seyahat etmekTo travel
SatmakTo sell
Satın almakTo buy
To purchase
ÖdemekTo pay
Ödünç almakTo borrow
Borç vermekTo lend
Seçmek  To choose
GözlemlemekTo observe
Tercih etmek  To prefer
Kabul etmek  To accept
ReddetmekTo refuse
İptal etmekTo cancel
Sormak To ask
CevaplamakTo answer
To reply
Fark etmekTo realize
HazırlamakTo prepare
AramakTo look for
BulmakTo find
ÇözmekTo solve
To untie
BağlamakTo tie
To link
SaklamakTo hide
GizlemekTo hide
Teklif etmekTo propose
To offer
SağlamakTo provide
Elde etmekTo achieve
Tavsiye etmekTo recommend
TaşınmakTo move
HatırlatmakTo remind
Şikâyet etmekTo complain
Tehdit etmekTo threaten
TırmanmakTo climb
UçmakTo fly
KesmekTo cut 
KırmakTo break
SuçlamakTo blame
İtmekTo push
ÇekmekTo pull
BaşarmakTo succeed
Pes etmekTo give up
KazanmakTo win
KaybetmekTo lose
ÇalmakTo steal
GirmekTo enter
ÇıkmakTo exit


  • Bu durumda, ölmek mi yaşamak mı daha iyi sence? (“Do you think in this situation it’s better to live or to die?”)
  • Kazanmak kadar kaybetmek de doğal! (“Losing is as natural as winning!”)

8. Conjunction Words

Our final set of intermediate Turkish words consists of conjunctions. These little words can help you build more complex sentences and add structure to your thoughts. 

Bu nedenleTherefore
DolayıBecause of
Due to
Even if
Yani In other words
In fact
Ne…ne deNeither…nor
Ya…ya da Either…or
Aksi takdirdeOtherwise
YeterkiAs long as


  • Ne balık severim ne de tavuk. (“I like neither fish nor chicken.”)
  • Ne istersen yaparım yeterki beni affet. (“I’d do whatever you want as long as you forgive me.”)

9. Level up to intermediate Turkish with

Now you’ve learned quite a number of intermediate Turkish words in different categories. Did you know any of these words already, or were they all new to you? 

    → Feeling confident in your Turkish abilities and ready to explore some new territory? We recommend heading over to our intermediate Turkish course.

Learning Turkish is simple with TurkishClass101. We provide our students with numerous audio lessons and recordings, tons of vocabulary lists, and a variety of free resources (including this Turkish dictionary) that you can refer to. You can also utilize our MyTeacher service, which allows you to study and practice 1-on-1 with a native Turkish teacher. 

What’s more, you can download the app for free and use it wherever you are.

It’s our goal to help you learn Turkish in a fun and effective manner, all at your convenience. As such, we welcome any feedback or questions you may have.

Last but not least, happy Turkish learning!

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Turkish Animal Names and Related Vocabulary


Are you an animal lover? 

If so, today is your lucky day! 

In this article, we’ll teach you the names of different animals in the Turkish language. We have divided the animals by category as follows: 

  • Pets
  • Farm animals
  • Wild animals
  • Sea animals
  • Bugs and insects
  • Birds
  • Reptiles and amphibians

In addition, we’ll teach you what to call the body parts of animals, some relevant verbs, and even a few interesting idioms that mention animals. 

But first things first: The word for “animal” in Turkish is hayvan

The fact that the Turkish word is totally different from its English counterpart might have scared you, but don’t worry! Many animal names are written identically in Turkish as they are in English. For example: hamster, iguana, jaguar, koala, panda, tarantula, and zebra.  

There are also some animals whose Turkish spelling is very close to its English spelling. Are you ready for a test? Let’s see if you can guess which animals these are: leopar, panter, pelikan, penguen, pirana, and piton

I bet you passed the test. But just in case, here are the answers: leopard, panther, pelican, penguin, piranha, and python.

Now, it’s time to move ahead to our list of animal names in Turkish! 

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Turkish Table of Contents
  1. Pets (Evcil Hayvanlar)
  2. Farm Animals (Çiftlik Hayvanları)
  3. Wild Animals (Vahşi Hayvanlar)
  4. Sea Animals (Deniz Hayvanları)
  5. Bugs & Insects (Böcekler & Haşarat)
  6. Birds
  7. Reptiles & Amphibians
  8. Body Parts of Animals
  9. Animal-Related Idioms and Slang Expressions
  10. Animal-Related Verbs
  11. Learn More About the Turkish Language with TurkishClass101

1. Pets (Evcil Hayvanlar)

The most popular pet animals in Turkey are cats, dogs, birds, and fish. There are also some families that prefer to have hamsters, turtles, or rabbits at home.

Here are the names of some common pets in Turkish:



2. Farm Animals (Çiftlik Hayvanları)

Like other countries, Turkey is home to a range of farm animals. They are bred for their meat, milk, eggs, skin, and wool. Most of the livestock in Turkey can be found in the Aegean and Marmara regions, as well as in Central and Eastern Anatolia. 

Here are the names of common farm animals in Turkish:


3. Wild Animals (Vahşi Hayvanlar)

Below are the names of wild animals that we most often find in zoos. However, I’m sure that some people get to see them in the highlands, woods, or rural areas. 



4. Sea Animals (Deniz Hayvanları)

Turkey is surrounded by seawater on its three sides and has around 8333 kilometers (5178 miles) of shoreline. Due to the country’s geographic location, we have a booming fishing industry! 200 fish species live in the Sea of Marmara, 247 in the Black Sea, 300 in the Aegean Sea, and 500 in the Mediterranean. Of these, about 100 fish species are of particular economic value for Turkey. 

Let’s see some of the sea animal names in Turkish:

Deniz atı“Seahorse”
Istakoz “Lobster”
Köpek balığı“Shark”
Yengeç “Crab”

5. Bugs & Insects (Böcekler & Haşarat)

While insects are not within the scope of my expertise, I did a little research on the topic before writing this article. I learned that there’s a bug museum in Istanbul where a range of different bugs have been preserved and kept on display since 1937. If you’re interested in bugs, you might want to check out the museum if you ever get the chance to visit Turkey!


Now, let’s learn the Turkish words for the most common bugs and insects:

Arı “Bee”
Ateş böceği“Firefly”
İpek böceği“Silk worm”
Uğur böceği“Ladybug”

6. Birds

Turkey’s different climate zones are suitable for the survival of many different species of birds. There are about 515 bird species in Turkey, and about a quarter of them are migratory birds that arrive in Turkey during the winter months.


Here are the Turkish names for the most popular birds:

Ağaç kakan“Woodpecker”

7. Reptiles & Amphibians

I’m learning more and more as I go! Did you know there are 120 reptile species in Turkey? 

One popular example is the Caretta Carettas sea turtles, which make their home in Iztuzu Beach in Dalyan. Because they’re in danger of extinction, the beach is under protection. It’s closed at certain hours, May through August, during which period the sea turtles lay their eggs. You can visit the Caretta Carettas without approaching their conservation areas. It’s a unique experience!

Below are the names of some reptiles in Turkish:



8. Body Parts of Animals

Now that you know several Turkish animal names, you should learn what to call their unique body parts. This will be especially helpful if you have a pet of your own or if you’d like to describe a recent animal encounter!

Filin hortumu“Trunk”
Kuş tüyü“Feather”

9. Animal-Related Idioms and Slang Expressions

This is the part I love. I enjoy learning the idioms and slang expressions of foreign languages, and I always find it interesting how different languages come up with their own unique idioms.

I’m curious if you’ll also find the following Turkish idioms and slang terms interesting, creative, and fun. Make sure to let us know your favorite one(s) in the comments! 

TurkishLiterallyEnglish Equivalent
İnekİnek means “cow.” However, Turkish people also call asocial, hardworking students inek.Nerd
Kuş beyinliIt’s translated as “bird-brained,” and it’s used in reference to stupid people. Bird-brain
Devede kulakThis one is translated as “ear on the camel.” It refers to a very small part/amount of something.A drop in the bucket
Keçi gibi inatçıIt’s translated as “stubborn as a goat.” As it implies, it’s used in reference to people who are very persistent.Stubborn as a mule
Tilki gibi kurnazIt’s translated as “cunning as a fox.” It refers to shrewd people. Cunning as a fox
Besle kargayı oysun gözünüIt’s translated as “Feed the crow, and he will carve your eyes.” It refers to a situation where someone helps you, and then you hurt them in return. In other words, a situation where you are ungrateful for the help you’ve received.Bite the hand that feeds you
Dut yemiş bülbüle dönmekIt’s translated as “to become a nightingale who has eaten a mulberry.” It means to be silent or speechless.To be tongue-tied
Keçileri kaçırmakIt’s translated as “slipping the goats.” It refers to losing one’s mind.Lose one’s mind
Kedi köpek gibi kavga etmekThis one means “to fight like a cat and a dog.” You get the idea. Go at each other tooth and nail
Kurt gibi acıkmakIt’s translated as “to be hungry as a wolf.” To be as hungry as a horse
Tavşana kaç, tazıya tut demekThis one means “to say ‘run away’ to the rabbit and to catch the greyhound.” It refers to acting hypocritically. In other words, to speak or act differently depending on who you’re around. Run with the hares and hunt with the hounds
Sudan çıkmış balık gibi olmakIt’s translated as “to be like a fish out of water.” It means that you’re uncomfortable or nervous in a new environment.To be like a fish out of water

10. Animal-Related Verbs

Finally, let’s look at some useful verbs that are related to animals: 

Aşılamak“To vaccinate”
Beslemek“To feed”
Dörtnala koşmak “To gallop”
Eğitmek“To train”
Evcilleştirmek“To tame”
Havlamak“To bark”
Isırmak “To bite”
Kişnemek“To neigh”
Kükremek“To roar”
Miyavlamak“To meow”
Sevmek/okşamak“To pet”
Tırmalamak“To claw”
Vızıldamak“To buzz”
Yalamak “To lick”

You can also visit our website to learn the sounds that animals make in Turkish! 

11. Learn More About the Turkish Language with TurkishClass101

You now have a sizable Turkish animal vocabulary list you can refer back to anytime. Did we forget to include the name of your favorite animal? Please let us know in the comments, and we’ll get back to you! 

To continue learning Turkish and improving your skills, create your free lifetime account today on Start benefiting from our numerous video and audio lessons, vocabulary lists, blog posts, and other free resources, and never look back! Our Premium PLUS students also have access to our MyTeacher service, which allows you to study and practice 1-on-1 with your own private teacher. What’s more, you can download the app for free and start studying wherever you are.

Last but not least, please continue to provide us with feedback about all the resources provided at!

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Useful Turkish Phone Words and Phrases


When you first start learning a language, it can be hard enough having face-to-face conversations with native speakers. Can you imagine how challenging a phone conversation would be? During a phone call, we have no body language cues to fall back on—only our own language skills and the patience of our interlocutor. 

But listen up, Turkish learners: You no longer need to get tense when making or receiving a call in Turkish!

In this article, we’ll introduce you to Turkish phone terminology as well as several Turkish phone words and phrases to help you navigate your next phone call.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Turkish Table of Contents
  1. Phone-Related Vocabulary
  2. Making a Call
  3. Receiving a Call
  4. Phone/Connection Issues
  5. Sample Turkish Phone Conversations
  6. Discover More About Turkish with TurkishClass101

1. Phone-Related Vocabulary

Below, you’ll find some useful terms that will make your life easier next time you need to talk about phones or phone conversations in general. 

Cep telefonuCell phone / Mobile phone
Telefon numarasıPhone number
Şarj aletiCharger
Sms / MesajSMS
Arama / ÇağrıCall
Gelen aramaIncoming call
AramakTo call
ÇalmakTo ring
Mesaj bırakmakTo leave a message
Sesli mesaj bırakmakTo leave a voicemail
KapatmakTo hang up

2. Making a Call

Are you hesitant to make a call in Turkish? Are you worried you won’t be able to express yourself correctly? 

In this section, you’ll learn a variety of useful phrases for each part of a typical phone conversation in Turkish. To make sure you’re well-equipped for any type of phone call, we’ve included two sets of phrases for each part: formal and informal. 

Making a Call



In formal contexts, there are a few different ways of answering the phone in Turkish:

GünaydınGood morning
İyi günlerGood day
İyi akşamlarGood evening


When you’re making an informal call, you can start the conversation one of the following greeting words:


The word alo has no literal meaning and it’s only used in phone conversations. The only exception is when it’s used as a slang term, usually to draw someone’s attention if you think they haven’t heard you (or have pretended not to). Please note that it doesn’t sound too polite in this context. 

For more useful words and phrases related to introductions, please read our article Turkish Greetings: How to Introduce Yourself in Turkish

Providing more information


Now that you’ve greeted the person you called, it’s time to introduce yourself. Here are three ways you could give your name and state where you’re calling from: 

___ firmasından arıyorum.I’m calling from ___ company.
Ben ___ firmasından John.This is John from ___ company.
Ben ___ firmasının genel müdürü John Denning.This is the general manager of ___ company, John Denning.


In most cases, the receiver will be able to see your name or number come up on their cell phone screen. But if you have a private number or are using a landline, you may need to introduce yourself. Here are a few introductions in Turkish you could use during an informal call: 

Ben John.This is John. 
John ben.This is John. 
Ben Mary’nin arkadaşı John.This is Mary’s friend, John. If you’re calling a friend and someone else picks up the phone, you can introduce yourself this way.                          
Mary’nin arkadaşı John ben.This is Mary’s friend, John.

A Woman Talking via a Blue Handset

Stating your reason for calling / Making a request

Now, it’s time for you to tell the answering party why you’re calling or whom you’re trying to reach. 


These are common questions or requests you might have when calling a company, store, or business: 

Çalışma saatlerinizi öğrenebilir miyim?May I ask about your work hours?
Adresinizi sormak için aramıştım.I called to ask for your address.
Satın alma müdürünüzle görüşebilir miyim?May I speak to your Purchasing manager?
Finans departmanından biri ile görüşebilir miyim?Can I speak to someone from the Finance department?


Here are some informal Turkish phone phrases you can use to state your reason for calling or to ask for someone: 

Sinemaya gidelim mi diye sormak için aradım.I called to ask if we could go to the movies. 
Ali’nin numarasını soracaktım.I was going to ask Ali’s number. 
Mehmet ile konuşabilir miyim?Can I talk to Mehmet?If you’re calling a friend and one of their family members answers, you can ask for them using one of these phrases.
Mehmet evde mi?Is Mehmet at home?
Mehmet orada mı?Is Mehmet there?

Leaving a message

If you’re unable to reach the person you called, you can leave them a message as shown below.


Aradığımı söyleyebilir misiniz lütfen?Could you please tell him/her that I called?
Beni aratabilir misiniz lütfen?Could you please have him/her call me?


Beni aramasını söyler misin?Can you tell him/her to call me?
Notumu iletebilir misin lütfen?Can you pass on my note, please?

Concluding a call

Before you hang up, you should thank the receiver and tell them goodbye. 


Teşekkür ederim, iyi günler.Thank you, have a good day.
Teşekkürler, iyi akşamlar.Thanks, have a good evening.


Bay bay.Bye-bye.
Görüşürüz.See you.

If you’d like some more inspiration, we also have a free vocabulary list of the most common ways to say goodbye

3. Receiving a Call

Are you afraid of picking up the phone if a Turkish speaker calls? That’s quite understandable! 

Memorizing and practicing some of the Turkish phone words and phrases below will help you build confidence and enter any phone conversation better prepared.

Answering a call


Here are some formal greeting words you can use when picking up the phone: 

Buyurun.Yes, please.The word buyurun is used in many different contexts. It also means: “Welcome!” / “Here you go!” / “Have a seat!” / etc.
___ firması, nasıl yardımcı olabilirim?___ firm, how may I help you? 
Günaydın.Good morning. 
İyi günler.Good day. 
İyi akşamlar.Good evening. 



Asking for information

If you need to get some info from the caller, the following Turkish phone phrases will help you ask the relevant questions and get the info you’re after.


Kiminle görüşüyorum?With whom am I speaking?
Kimsiniz?Who is this?
Nereden arıyorsunuz?Where are you calling from?
Hangi firmadan arıyorsunuz?Which company are you calling from?


Kim arıyor diyeyim?Whom should I say is calling?

Checking availability / Transferring a call

Here are some phrases you can use if the caller asks to speak to someone:


Lütfen hatta kalın.Please stay on the line.
Aktarıyorum.I’m transferring.

Waiting to be Transferred


Bir saniye, bakayım.One second, let me check.
Veriyorum.I’m putting him/her on the phone.

Taking a message

Of course, the person the caller asked for may not be available. In this case, it would be polite to ask if the caller would like to leave them a message. 


Mesaj bırakmak ister misiniz?Would you like to leave a message?
Bir mesajınız var mıydı?Did you have a message?


Gelince arasın mı?Should he call you when he comes?
Aradığını söylerim.I will let him/her know that you called.

Concluding a call


İyi günler.Have a good day. 
İyi akşamlar.Have a good evening. 
Rica ederim.You are welcome.You would use this phrase if the calling party thanked you.


Bay bay.Bye-bye.
Görüşürüz.See you.

4. Phone/Connection Issues

When we make a phone call, there’s always a chance we’ll encounter issues of some sort. Whether there’s a bad connection, your phone’s battery is running low, or you didn’t quite understand what the other person said, you can use one of these phrases to express that there’s a problem.

Pardon, tekrar edebilir misiniz lütfen?“Sorry, could you say that again please?”
Sizi duyamıyorum.“I can’t hear you.”
Sizi çok zor duyabiliyorum.“I can barely hear you.”
Sesiniz gelmiyor.“I can’t hear you.”
Hat kesildi.“The line has been cut off.”
Şarjım bitmek üzere.“I’m about to run out of battery.”
Pardon yanlış oldu.“Sorry, I dialed the wrong number.”
Bağlantı çok kötü.“The connection is very bad.”

No Connection

5. Sample Turkish Phone Conversations

Now that you’ve learned several useful phrases for a phone call in Turkish, it’s time to see how these expressions might be used in a real conversation. Below, you’ll find two Turkish phone conversation examples: one informal and one formal. 


Two friends are talking on the phone and planning to go out to dinner on Saturday evening. Let’s see how their telephone conversation goes.

A: Merhaba. (“Hello.”)

B: Selam, ne haber? (“Hi, what’s up?”)

A: İyilik, senden? (“I’m fine, how about you?”)

B: Ben de iyiyim, sağol. (“I’m fine, too, thank you.”)

A: Cumartesi akşamı ne yapıyorsun? (“What are you doing on Saturday evening?”)

B: Henüz bir planım yok. (“I don’t have a plan yet.”)

A: Yemeğe gidelim mi? (“Shall we go to dinner?”)

B: Olur, tabi. Nereye gidelim? (“Okay, sure. Where shall we go?”)

A: Deniz’in yerine gidelim mi? (“Shall we go to Deniz’s Place?”)

B: Olur ama rezervasyon yaptırmak lazım. (“Okay, but we need to make a reservation.”)

A: Sorun değil, ben hallederim. Saat 8 iyi mi? (“No problem, I’ll take care of it. Is eight o’clock okay?”)

B: Tamam, sağol. Cumartesi akşamı saat 8’de orada görüşürüz o zaman. (“Okay, thank you. I’ll see you there at eight o’clock on Saturday evening, then.”)

A: Okey, görüşürüz. (“Okay, see you.”)

B: Bay bay. (“Bye-bye.”)


In this Turkish phone call, one of the friends is calling to make a reservation at Deniz’s Place. Note how the tone and language change here to match the formal context.

A: Deniz’in yeri, ben Ece. (“Deniz’s Place, this is Ece.”)

B: İyi günler. Cumartesi akşamı için rezervasyon yaptırmak istiyorum. (“Good day. I’d like to make a reservation for Saturday evening.”)

A: Tabi. Saat kaçta? (“Sure. At what time?”)

B: 8’de lütfen. (“At eight, please.”)

A: Saat 8’de yerimiz mevcut. Kaç kişilik rezervasyon yaptırmak istiyorsunuz? (“We have availability at eight. How many people do you want to make the reservation for?”)

B: İki kişi için. (“For two people.”)

A: 28 Kasım Cumartesi akşamı saat 8 için 2 kişilik rezervasyonunuzu yaptım. Başka yardımcı olabileceğim bir şey varmı? (“I made your reservation for two people for eight on Saturday evening, November 28th. Is there anything else I can help with?”)

B: Yok, teşekkür ederim. İyi günler. (“No, there isn’t. Thank you. Have a good day.”)

A: Rica ederim. İyi günler. (“You are welcome. Have a good day.”)

Making a Reservation

6. Discover More About Turkish with TurkishClass101

Did you enjoy learning these Turkish phone call phrases with us? We hope that you now feel more confident and prepared for making and taking calls, and that the sample conversations we provided were useful to you. 

If you’d like to continue learning useful Turkish words and phrases, then create your free lifetime account on We provide numerous audio and video lessons, tons of free vocabulary lists, and a variety of other free resources (like this dictionary) that you can refer to. For a more accelerated and personal learning approach, Premium PLUS members can also take advantage of our MyTeacher service which allows you to practice and study with a private teacher. 

Always on the go? Then download the app for free and use it wherever you are.

Last but not least, please continue to provide us with feedback so we can continue to improve and best serve your language learning needs!

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Handy Turkish Words for Beginners


Are you a yeni başlayan (“beginner”) in Turkish?

If you’ve just started learning the language, it’s a good idea to begin with the basics. 

Acquiring a rudimentary vocabulary is the first step toward proficiency. By learning the essential Turkish words for beginners, you’re building a base upon which to further develop your language skills. With only a few words, you’ll be able to start communicating with native speakers and fulfilling your daily obligations while in Turkey. Then, you can start working on the grammar and building sentences using the simple words you’ve learned. 

In this article, we’ve compiled a masterlist of the most useful Turkish beginner words. We’ve included everything from numbers to conjunctions to ensure you’re not missing out on any essentials! 

Ready? Let’s start with something simple.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Turkish Table of Contents
  1. Numbers
  2. Pronouns
  3. Nouns
  4. Adjectives
  5. Adverbs
  6. Verbs
  7. Conjunctions
  8. Discover More About the Turkish Language on

1. Numbers

One of the first things you should add to your Turkish vocabulary are numbers. We use them every day in a variety of contexts, from shopping to planning dates. 

Let’s count from 0 to 10 in Turkish:


The Numbers 1-5 Represented by Colorful Blocks

Important note: 

When a Turkish noun is plural and preceded by a number, the noun does not take the usual -lar / -ler plural suffixes. Rather, it retains its singular form as the number indicates that it’s plural. 


  • Elma – “Apple”
  • Bir elma – “One apple”
  • İki elma – “Two apples”

2. Pronouns

As you start speaking Turkish, pronouns will have your back time and again. There are four categories of pronouns we’ll be looking at today: personal, demonstrative, possessive, and interrogative

Personal Pronouns

There are six personal pronouns in Turkish. Since Turkish has no grammatical gender, there’s only one personal pronoun for the third person singular (he / she / it).

I would like to point out one more thing: The second person plural pronoun (siz) also functions as the polite form of the second person singular.

English Pronouns
OHe / She / It

Demonstrative Pronouns


Possessive Pronouns

OnunHis / Her / Its

Interrogative Pronouns


You’ll see some of these pronouns used in example phrases below. Take note, because understanding their use in context will be helpful as you start learning how to build sentences with your new vocabulary. 

3. Nouns

Nouns are the words we use to label people, places, things, and concepts. Unlike some other languages, Turkish nouns do not have grammatical gender. 

Below, you’ll find the most essential nouns in Turkish for beginners grouped by category. If you want to pick up even more words, though, you should check out our dedicated Turkish nouns article


Here are the days of the week and some other words related to time.


Now, let’s use some of these words with numbers:

  • Üç ay – “Three months”
  • İki saat – “Two hours”
  • Beş dakika – “Five minutes”


Dünya World
Ülke Country
Şehir  City
Deniz Sea
Hastane Hospital
Postane Post office

Let’s see how these words might be used with the Turkish pronouns we saw earlier: 

  • Şu market – “That market”
  • Benim ülkem – “My country”
  • Hangi restoran? – “Which restaurant?”


While trying to get around in Turkey, you’ll benefit from knowing the basic words and terms for transportation. 

Yol              Road
Trafik ışıklarıTraffic lights
Otobüs durağıBus stop
Tren istasyonuTrain station

And here’s how these beginner Turkish words might be used with pronouns:

  • Bu otobüs durağı – “This bus stop”
  • Benim arabam – “My car”
  • Hangi otobüs? – “Which bus?”


Technology is everywhere. Who knows where and when you’ll need to know a few technology-related words?

Web sitesi Website
Wi-Fi          Wi-Fi
Bilgisayar  Computer
Dizüstü bilgisayarLaptop
Cep telefonuCellphone
Şarj aletiCharger


If you’ve decided to pursue your studies in Turkey, memorizing these essential school-related terms will prove useful. 

LiseHigh school
OrtaokulMiddle school
İlkokulElementary school
KalemPen / Pencil


Knowing the terms for common occupations will come in handy when introducing yourself or someone else. 

Doktor                 Doctor
Hemşire     Nurse
Avukat                   Lawyer
Mühendis             Engineer
Öğretmen              Teacher
İş adamı                Businessman
İş kadınıBusinesswoman
Yönetici                 Manager
Mimar                    Architect

A Doctor and a Nurse

Family Members

Here are some nouns you can use to introduce your family:

Kız evlatDaughter
Erkek evlatSon

Body Parts

In case of a medical emergency, knowing the body parts in Turkish will be crucial. Here’s a handy list for your reference: 

Baş / KafaHead

Food and Beverages

Food is vital to our wellbeing, so these words should be some of the first you memorize! You’ll use them while grocery shopping, ordering at a restaurant, or cooking at home. 

Sebze        Vegetable
Türk kahvesiTurkish coffee

You can learn even more Turkish nouns for food, utensils, and tableware on our website. 

4. Adjectives

Adjectives are used to describe nouns, whether we’re talking about objects, people, feelings, situations, or environments. As a beginner in Turkish, learning a few common adjectives will help you better express yourself and add flair to your speech or writing.

Describing Objects

You just need two words to describe an object: the correct noun and the adjective of your choice. Below are some frequently used adjectives for describing objects.

Büyük Big
Küçük Small
Uzun Long
İnce  Thin
Kalın  Thick
Geniş  Wide
Dar  Narrow
Sert  Hard

Now, let’s use some of these adjectives with the nouns we learned above:

  • Büyük şehir – “Big city”
  • Dar yol – “Narrow road”
  • Yumuşak kalem – “Soft pen/pencil”
  • Küçük burun – “Small nose”

Describing People

Güzel Beautiful
Çekici Attractive
Kısa boylu Short
Uzun boyluTall
Zayıf Thin
Yaşlı  Old
Genç  Young


  • Güzel çocuk – “Beautiful child”
  • Yakışıklı öğretmen – “Handsome teacher”
  • Genç bir mühendis – “A young engineer”

Describing Emotions

Üzgün Sad
Heyecanlı Excited
Şaşkın Surprised
Kızgın Angry
Gergin Tense
Sinirli Nervous
Sakin Calm
Endişeli Worried


  • Mutlu bir anne – “A happy mother”
  • Endişeli bir baba – “A worried father”

Describing the Weather



  • Yağmurlu bir gün – “A rainy day”
    Soğuk bir gün – “A cold day”

A tRainy Day

5. Adverbs

An adverb gives additional information about a verb, an adjective, another adverb, a phrase, or a clause. It basically answers questions regarding where, when, how, and why something happened. You can refer to our relevant blog article for more about adverbs.

Once we go over some verbs in the following section, you’ll see some examples of how these adverbs might be used. 

Qualitative Adverbs

AçıkçaFrankly / Openly / Clearly

Adverbs That Indicate the Time of Action

Dün Yesterday
Dün gece Last night
Bugün Today
Bu sabah This morning
Bu gece Tonight
Yarın Tomorrow
Gelecek hafta Next week
Şimdi Now
Hemen Immediately
Hemen şimdi Right now

Adverbs That Show Quantity / Measurement

AzLittle / Few / A bit
BirazSome / A little
ÇokMuch / Many / Very / Too much

Adverbs That Indicate Frequency

Sık sıkFrequently

Interrogative Adverbs

Ne zamanWhen
Ne kadar  How much / How long

6. Verbs

Verbs are the most important building block of sentences. They show actions, occurrences, processes, conditions, and states of being.

Verbs Used for Daily Routine

Uyumak To sleep
Uyanmak To wake up
Kalkmak To get up
Gelmek To come
Gitmek To go
Yemek To eat
İçmek To drink
Çalışmak To work
Ders çalışmak To study



  • O sessizce gitti. – “He/she/it went quietly.”
  • Dün gece çok az uyudum. – “I slept very little last night.”
  • O ne kadar ders çalışır? – “How long does he study?”

Action Verbs

Koşmak To run
Oynamak To play
Yürümek To walk


  • O sık sık koşar. – “He/she/it frequently runs.”
  • O ne zaman koşar? – “When does he/she/it run?”

Verbs of Emotion

SevmekTo love
Nefret etmekTo hate
İstemekTo want


  • Seni seviyorum. – “I love you.”
  • Ondan niçin nefret ediyorsun? – “Why do you hate him/her/it?”

A Couple Walking Down the Street Holding Hands

Possession Verbs

Sahip olmakTo have / To own
Ait olmakTo belong


  • Bu araba bana ait. – “This car belongs to me.”

Verbs Related to the Senses

DuymakTo hear
GörmekTo see
KoklamakTo smell

Thought-related Verbs

DüşünmekTo think
BilmekTo know
İnanmakTo believe
HatırlamakTo remember


  • Onu daima iyi hatırlayacağım. – “I will always remember him/her/it well.”

7. Conjunctions

Conjunctions are those small words we use to connect words or phrases together. These are essential beginner words in Turkish as they’ll allow you to sound more fluid when speaking and add clarity to your writing, even if you have a limited vocabulary. 

Here are some common conjunctions in Turkish:

Fakat / AmaBut


  • Okula bisiklet ile veya araba ile gidiyorum. – “I go to school by bike or by car.”
  • Kuzenim mutlu ama endişeli. – “My cousin is happy but worried.”

8. Discover More About the Turkish Language on

You’ve now learned quite a number of useful beginner Turkish words. However, there are many more words to memorize and grammatical concepts to explore. 

Learning Turkish is simple with TurkishClass101. We provide our students with numerous audio lessons and recordings, tons of vocabulary lists, and a variety of free resources (including this Turkish dictionary) that you can refer to. You can also utilize our MyTeacher service, which allows you to study and practice 1-on-1 with a native Turkish teacher. 

What’s more, you can download the app for free and use it wherever you are.

It’s our goal to help you learn Turkish in a fun and effective manner, all at your convenience. As such, we welcome any feedback or questions you may have! 

Before you go: How many of these words did you know already? Were most of them new to you? We look forward to hearing from you in the comments! 

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Turkish Filler Words: Engage in More Natural Conversations


We all grow up learning and using our mother tongue, but this doesn’t necessarily mean that we do a perfect job of utilizing it—especially when it comes to conversations.

For example, do you know how many filler words you use when conversing?

A Group Giving a Speech in Front of an Audience

In this article, we’ll discuss what filler words are and why we use them. We’ll also introduce you to the most common Turkish filler words, list the pros and cons of using them, and give you some advice on how to limit their use while still employing them for natural conversations in Turkish.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Turkish Table of Contents
  1. What are filler words and when do we use them?
  2. The Top Turkish Filler Words
  3. Pros and Cons of Filler Words
  4. How to Control Your Use of Filler Words
  5. Discover More About Turkish on

1. What are filler words and when do we use them?

Fillers are sounds, words, or short phrases that are most often used to “fill” a pause in speech. Some of them might have meaning when used by themselves or in other contexts, but lack any real value when used as a filler. They’re usually specific to a language, though they can also be regional, communal, or cultural.

When to use them

If they don’t add anything to the sentence, then why do we use them?

One reason is that it’s habitual: We tend to use them without thinking. However, there are several other reasons. Here are some circumstances under which you might use fillers:

  • When you need to buy some time while you find the right word or phrasing

    I’m sure that sounds similar to “um” and “ehm” are used in most languages for this purpose. It may be okay to use them once or twice in a conversation, but overusing them can really become annoying.

A Head Drawn with Chalk on a Chalkboard, with Question Mark Sticky Notes on It

What is next?

  • When you don’t know how to complete a sentence

    There are some cases where we don’t want to finish a sentence or don’t know what to say to complete it. In such cases, fillers come to the rescue.
  • When you’re uncertain about something

    Sometimes fillers help us hide any uncertainties we have during a conversation.
  • When you need to speak more indirectly in order to be polite
  • When you need to approach delicate topics gently

2. The Top Turkish Filler Words

Below are some filler words in Turkish that you can use if you really need to:


Eee“Um” / “Ehm”

As in English, this filler is used to buy some time so the speaker can think about what they want to say next. It gives the speaker time to organize their thoughts.


İstatistiklere göre Türkiye’de Corona virüsü nedeniyle, eee, 10 bin 27 kişi öldü.
“According to the statistics, in Turkey, umm, 10027 people died because of the Coronavirus.”

In this example, the filler eee is used by the speaker to buy time while they try to remember the exact number.



Şey normally means “thing,” but when it’s used as a filler, it just helps the speaker buy some time to find the right word(s).

This can be a lifesaver for Turkish learners. If you can’t remember a word, just throw this one into the conversation—a native speaker will complete the thought for you!


A: Bugün kaç soru çözdün? (“How many questions did you solve today?”)
B: Şey, galiba 30. (“Well, I think 30.”)

Here, it’s used to gain time to remember the number of questions solved. 


Falan filan“Blah blah blah” / “And so on”

You can use this Turkish filler if you don’t want to give more examples or if you don’t know how to complete a sentence. Do keep in mind, however, that this filler reduces the impact of what you’re saying. A better alternative might be ve benzerleri, ve bunun gibi (“others, etc.”). 


A: Günün nasıl geçti? (“How was your day?”)
B: Evi temizledim, alışverişe gittim, ders çalıştım, falan filan işte. (“I cleaned the house, went shopping, studied, and so on.”)

In the example, the speaker probably did even more things during the day, but they cut their speech short by using falan filan.


Yani“This is to say” / “In short” / “Well”

We use the Turkish filler word yani when we think something we said was not clear and we need to give further explanation. In addition, we can use it if we’re uncertain about what we’re saying. 


A: O iyileşti mi? (“Did he recover?”)
B: Yani, sanırım. (“Well, I think so.”)

In this case, the filler expresses uncertainty.


Ivır zıvır“Knick knack”

This filler is used to define multiple objects when we either don’t want to name each one or don’t feel like mentioning the objects at all. 


A: Marketten ne aldın? (“What did you buy from the market?”)
B: Ivır zıvır. (“Knick knacks.”)

In this case, the person who went to the market doesn’t want to mention what he/she bought there.


İşte öyle bir şey“Something like that”

We use this filler when there’s uncertainty or when we don’t want to talk about something any further.


A: Sana yalan söylediği için mi onunla konuşmuyorsun? (“Are you not talking to him because he lied to you?”)
B: İşte öyle bir şey. (“Something like that.”)

Here, the person doesn’t want to talk about the real reason he/she is avoiding their friend.


Zımbırtı“Thing” / “Stuff”

We prefer to use this word for unnecessary or dysfunctional objects. We can also use it if we don’t know the name of an object or if we can’t remember it.


Şu zımbırtıyı verebilir misin lütfen?
“Can you give me that thing, please?”

The speaker either doesn’t know the name of the object or can’t remember it.


Zamazingo“Thing” / “Thingumabob”

This is another common filler used when we don’t know or can’t remember what something is called. 


Şu zamazingoyu gözümün önünden kaldırabilir misin lütfen?
“Can you take that thing out of my sight, please?”

The person either doesn’t know the name of the object or can’t remember it. 


Söyleyiver şunu / Sen söyle“Tell me that” / “You tell me”“You name it”

You can use this phrase if you’re trying to remember something.


A: Toplantıda kimler vardı? (“Who were in the meeting?”)

B: Jack, Mary, Lucy, Paul ve bir de, sen söyle, satış departmanındaki yeni gelen adam. (“Jack, Mary, Lucy, Paul, and, you tell me, the newcomer in the sales department.”)

The person either doesn’t know the name of the person or can’t remember his name. 


Anlarsın ya“You understand”“You know”

We use this one when we don’t want to complete a sentence.


İkisi sürekli beraberler. Anlarsın ya!

“The two are always together. You know!”

The person doesn’t want to talk further here, but he/she is implying that there is something going on between the two.


Ondan sonra“After that” / “Then”

This Turkish filler is used to buy some time so that we can remember the next thing we’re going to say. 


Sabah Terry ile okula gidiyorduk, ondan sonra işte, bana beni sevdiğini söyledi.

“Terry and I were going to school in the morning, then he told me that he loved me.”

Ondan sonra (“then”) is used here as a filler word because it’s not explaining what happened next; it’s rather explaining what happened during the action.

3. Pros and Cons of Filler Words


If used sparingly, filler words can be an advantageous addition to your conversations. The greatest benefit of using them as a language learner is that they’ll help your speech sound more natural. As long as you can control and limit their usage, there’s no need to eliminate them. 

Let’s take a look at more advantages:

  • Native speakers might think you have a good grasp of the language, and this will make you more confident.
  • You’ll sound cool and more natural.
  • It will help you gain time when you can’t remember something.
  • It might even sound relatable.


All of the advantages we discussed might turn into disadvantages if you use filler words in formal meetings, conferences, or interviews. Below are some drawbacks you might encounter:

  • If you’re speaking at an event and use filler words a lot, the audience might become bored and disengaged; they might also think you’re not well-prepared, less talented, and even repellent.
  • If you use them in a formal meeting or an interview, you won’t leave a good impression.
  • You might look confused and less confident.
  • It might reduce your credibility and prestige.
A Speaker in Front of a Microphone

4. How to Control Your Use of Filler Words

Again, you don’t need to avoid filler words completely. All you need to do is be aware of how, when, where, and how frequently you use them and learn to limit their usage. Here’s how you can prevent them from getting out of your control:

  • If using filler words is habitual for you, then becoming aware of it will help you regain control. If you don’t know when you tend to use filler words, you can record your speech or have somebody listen to you, so that you can find out where you get stuck. This will make it easier for you to restrict your filler word usage in those situations. 
  • Don’t be stressed and try to relax during your speech.
  • It’s okay to slow down and pause for a few seconds to think. It will give you time to gather your thoughts and choose your words.
The Pause Symbol
  • Filler words are usually used in longer and more complicated sentences. Therefore, try to use simpler, shorter sentences.
  • Watch and listen to lecturers, spokesmen, debaters, or public figures to figure out how they control their speech tempo.
  • Using your body language might be a good way to show that you’re thinking without using fillers. 
  • We tend to use filler words when we switch from one idea to another (in other words, during transitions). Therefore, you can plan your transitions in advance. For example: “Let’s move on with ___,” or “Let’s switch to ___.”
  • If you’re giving a professional speech, you’re likely to use the most fillers during the Q&A session because you’ll need to respond to things you might not be prepared for. Don’t hesitate to use honest phrases like, “Let me think about that for a second.” Believe me: The audience will appreciate your sincere approach as you consider their question.
  • Make sure to practice before you get in front of the audience. The introduction and conclusion usually draw the most attention, so make sure to practice these the most. 

Do you want to learn more phrases that can help you sound like a local? Then see our vocabulary list of the Essential Idioms That Will Make You Sound Like a Native Speaker

5. Discover More About Turkish on

We hope you now feel more confident about using filler words in Turkish and have a better idea of how to limit their use in your own language. Which fillers do you use most often? Let us know in the comments! 

If you’d like to know even more about Turkish vocabulary and conversation, then you need to bookmark TurkishClass101. We provide numerous audio recordings, tons of vocabulary lists, and a variety of free resources (like this dictionary) you can refer to.

Don’t forget that there’s also MyTeacher, a Premium PLUS service that allows you to learn and practice with a private teacher.


Better still, you can download the app for free and use it wherever you are.
Last but not least, please continue to provide us with feedback about all the resources provided at!

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Commonly Used Turkish Love Phrases


Love is one of the most profound feelings one can experience, and one of the best. They say that it even has its own language. We can certainly imply our love for someone through a glance or a gesture, but it’s best expressed with words. Because we cannot read each other’s minds, verbalizing our feelings and acknowledging those whom we value is essential for a solid relationship. In addition, it’s always best to use sincere words and phrases rather than fancy, exaggerated ones. 

If a Turk has caught your eye or stolen your heart, you might be wondering: 

How do I say “I love you,” in Turkish

After reading this article, you’ll be more than prepared to express your love in Turkish at every stage of your relationship. 

Let’s start with the Turkish word for love:

  • “Love” – Aşk / Sevgi

Now, let’s proceed with our guide to Turkish love phrases and other sweet, romantic words.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Turkish Table of Contents
  1. Showing your interest
  2. Are you in a relationship now?
  3. Your special moment and beyond…
  4. Turkish terms of endearment
  5. Popular love quotes in Turkish
  6. Discover more about the Turkish language with TurkishClass101

1. Showing your interest 

Let’s say you’ve just met someone you really like. You want to get to know them and maybe even have a date. How can you show the lucky guy or girl what you think about them? 

It’s difficult to find the right words to say to someone you don’t know, especially if you’re speaking in another language. To help you express yourself correctly and leave a good impression, we’ve compiled plenty of useful examples in Turkish for you below. Good luck!

A Man and Woman Shaking Each Other’s Hands at a Bar

First impression

A- Compliments

One of the best ways to show your interest during a first meeting is to offer him or her a compliment. Most people enjoy being complimented, as long as the words are sincere. Of course, you must also mind your tone and gestures!

Let’s start with the different ways you can say “compliment” in Turkish:

  • “Compliment” – İltifat / Övgü / Kompliman

Below are some Turkish compliments you can use to show admiration for the physical appearance of someone you like. Please note that the informal “you” is used in the sample sentences all throughout the article.

Çok güzelsin. You are very beautiful.
Çok yakışıklısın.  You are very handsome.
Çok güzel gözlerin var.You have beautiful eyes.
Gülüşün ne kadar güzel.  Your smile is beautiful.
Saçların çok güzel.  Your hair is very beautiful.

If you would like to learn even more compliments for different circumstances, you can refer to my article Learn the Top Turkish Compliments for Any Situation on 

B- Trying to get a date?

So, you’ve managed to get their attention and now it’s time to get a date. You need to use the right phrases to be successful at landing your first—or second, or third—meeting with this person. Here are some phrases you can use to ask him or her out:

Seni tekrar görmek isterim.I’d like to see you again.
Seni tekrar görebilir miyim?Can I see you again?
Hafta sonu ne yapıyorsun?What are you doing on the weekend?
Yarın akşam yemeğe çıkabilir miyiz?Can we go out to dinner tomorrow night?
Telefon numaranı alabilir miyim?Can I have your phone number?

A Napkin with the Words Call Me! Written on It, along with a Phone Number

Giving your phone number to him/her

2. Are you in a relationship now?

Once you’ve taken things a step further by making your relationship official, you can start using different Turkish love phrases to let your partner know your true feelings for him/her.

A- You like him/her!

As your relationship grows and you spend more time with the person, your feelings are likely to grow stronger. Here are a few different phrases you can use to express these deepening feelings to your partner: 

Seni çok beğeniyorum.I like you very much.
Seni özlüyorum.  I miss you.
Hep seni düşünüyorum.I’m always thinking about you.
Seni düşünmeden duramıyorum.I can’t stop thinking about you.

B- You have fallen in love!

There’s no hiding it: You’re in love and up in the clouds! 

You want to tell your beloved how you feel about him/her at every opportunity. Below are some sweet love expressions in Turkish you can use to share your feelings. 

Seni seviyorum!I love you!
Seni bütün kalbimle seviyorum.I love you with all my heart.
Sana aşık oldum.I’ve fallen in love with you.
Sana deli oluyorum.I’m crazy about you.
Sen benim hayatımın anlamısın.You are the meaning of my life.

Two hHands Forming a Heart Shape against the Setting Sun

I love you!

3. Your special moment and beyond…

Here comes that exciting moment and (hopefully) once-in-a-lifetime event: proposing marriage! 

First, let me tell you what “marriage proposal” is in Turkish:

  • “Marriage proposal” – Evlenme teklifi / Evlilik teklifi

So, how can you propose in Turkish? What else can you say at this stage of your relationship, and afterwards? Below are a few different phrases you should consider. I wish you good luck and happiness!

Benimle evlenir misin?Will you marry me?
İyi günde kötü günde, hastalıkta sağlıkta benimle olur musun?Would you be with me in good times and in bad times, in sickness and in health?
Seninle yaşlanmak istiyorum.I want to age with you.
Hemen nişanlanalım.Let’s get engaged immediately.
Senden çocuklarım olsun istiyorum.I’d like to have kids with you.

A Man Proposing to a Woman

Marriage proposal

4. Turkish terms of endearment

Terms of endearment please us greatly, and we use these terms for not only our significant other but also our friends and family. Here are some frequently used Turkish love words to give you some inspiration:

AşkımMy love
SevgilimMy darling
HayatımMy life
CanımMy sweetheart
TatlımMy sweetie
BebeğimMy baby
BitanemMy only one
MeleğimMy angel
Ruh eşim / ikizimMy soulmate

A Married Couple with Three Children Celebrating a Holiday

Love is everywhere

5. Popular love quotes in Turkish

Over the centuries, a lot has been said about love. There are many books, poems, stories, articles, and myths on the topic…not to mention a good number of quotes. Some of these quotes are anonymous, some are put forward by famous people, and some are used so frequently that they’ve become proverbs. 

Let’s take a look at some of the most commonly used love quotes in Turkish.

A- Common quotes

Quotes are usually motivational and inspirational, especially the ones about love. I hope you enjoy reading through the following love quotes in Turkish, many of which you can hear in daily life:

Quote in TurkishTranslation in English
Gözler kalbin aynasıdır.The eyes are the windows of the soul.

Literally: Eyes are the mirror of the heart.
Aşkın gözü kördür.Love is blind.

Literally: Eyes of love are blind.
Aşk ateşten gömlektir.Love is a bed of nails.

Literally: Love is a shirt made of fire.
Aşk ağlatır, dert söyletir.Literally: Love makes you cry, trouble makes you talk.
Aşk yaşanır, anlatılmaz.Literally: Love is lived, not explained.
Sevgi paylaştıkça artar.Love increases when shared.

B- Quotes from Rumi

Whenever I use Turkish quotes in my articles, I make sure to include some Rumi quotes as well. This is because his quotes always have profound meanings, make us think, and help us gain a different point of view on some topics.

Rumi was a poet, theologian, scholar, and Sufi mystic; he is considered the symbol of peace and tolerance.

Here are some of his quotes on love. I hope you gain as much insight from them as I have!

Quote in TurkishTranslation in English
Aşk sayıya sığmaz, ölçüye gelmez sevgidir.Love is an endearment that doesn’t fit into numbers and measurements.
Aşığın hastalığı bütün hastalıklardan ayrıdır.The disease of the lover is different from all diseases.
Aşk sandığın kadar değil, yandığın kadardır.Love is not as much as you think, it’s as much as you are burnt.
Aşk, öyle engin bir denizdir ki, ne başlangıcı ne de sonu vardır. Love is such a vast sea that it has neither beginning nor end.
Bırаkаcаğın еli hiç tutmа, tutаcаğın еli isе hiç bırаkmа. Sаhtе sеvgililеrе gül olmаktаnsа, gеrçеk sеvgililеrе ԁikеn ol.Don’t ever hold the hand you will leave, don’t ever leave the hand you will hold. Instead of being a rose to fake lovers, be a thorn to real lovers.

6. Discover more about the Turkish language with TurkishClass101

In this article, you’ve learned… 

  • …how to say “I love you,” in Turkish.
  • …how to express love in Turkish using a variety of words and phrases.
  • …several beautiful quotes about love in Turkish to really spice things up. 

Which of these love phrases, endearment terms, or quotes is your favorite? Let us know in the comments! 

If you’d like to learn even more Turkish, bookmark We have numerous audio recordings, vocabulary lists, and free resources you can refer to. With a Premium PLUS account, you’ll also have access to our MyTeacher service, which allows you to learn and practice 1-on-1 with your own teacher. Are you always on the go? Then you can download the TurkishClass101 app for free and use it wherever you are.

Last but not least, please continue to provide us with feedback about all the resources provided at We love hearing from you!

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Negation in the Turkish Language – HAYIR!


In life, there are times when we just need to say “no.” Whether we’re refusing something offered to us, rejecting an action or idea, or letting someone know we weren’t responsible for something, this little word and its friend “not” come in handy on a daily basis. 

However, whatever the intentions behind your negative sentences, the way you say them makes a huge difference!


Today, you’ll learn about negation in the Turkish language. This article will cover everything you need to know, from how to form basic negative sentences to how double negation works. 

Let’s dive in!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Turkish Table of Contents
  1. Negation in Sentences
  2. Negation in Interrogative Sentences
  3. Double Negation
  4. Access Full Turkish Grammar Content on

1. Negation in Sentences

In Turkish, negative sentences can be formed in one of two ways:

1. By using negation words
2. By using suffixes

Let’s take a closer look at each Turkish negation method. 

A- Negation Words

If you wish to negate a noun clause, place the word değil (“not”) at the end of the sentence. This will give you the form: 

X is not Y. 

Let’s take a look at some examples:

Turkish (+)English (+)Turkish (-)English (-)
Bu benim kitabım.This is my book.Bu benim kitabım değil.This is not my book.
Selen güzel bir kız.Selen is a beautiful girl.Selen güzel bir kız değil.Selen is not a beautiful girl.

Here are some other words you can use to make a sentence negative in Turkish: 

Hayır (No)

  • Hayır, kızgın değilim. (No, I am not angry.)

Yok (There isn’t / There aren’t)

  • Bu dairede balkon yok. (There isn’t a balcony in this apartment.)
  • Burada hiç araba yok. (There aren’t any cars here.)

Ne…ne[de] (Neither…nor)

  • Ne kedi severim, ne de köpek. (I like neither cats nor dogs.)

In most cases, ne…ne (de) is used with a positive verb. However, there are also some cases where it’s used with a negative verb. Here are some examples:

  • Ne Paris’e, ne de Roma’ya hiç gitmemiş. (She/he has gone to neither Paris nor Rome.)
  • Ne sevdim diyebilirim, ne de sevmedim. (I can say neither that I liked it nor disliked it.)

And here are some words that are only used in negative sentences (with one exception, which we’ll talk about later): 

Hiç (Ever / Never / At all)

  • Siyahı hiç sevmem. (I don’t like black at all.)
  • Kanada’yı hiç görmedim. (I have never seen Canada.)             

Asla (Never)

  • Onunla asla bir daha konuşmayacağım. (I will never talk to him/her again.)

Hiç kimse (Nobody)

  • Hiç kimse fikrimi değiştiremez. (Nobody can change my opinion.)

Hiç bir şekilde (In no way)

  • Hiç bir şekilde seni affetmeyeceğim. (In no way will I forgive you.)

Hiçbir yerde (Nowhere / Anywhere)

  • O hiç bir yerde uzun süre kalamaz. (He/she can’t stay anywhere too long.)

A Quick Note on Negative Prefixes 

Unlike English, Turkish has very few words that take a prefix in order to become negative (think “unprepared” or “improper”). We have only the negation prefixes and , which are inherited from Ottoman Turkish and are rarely used today. Here are some examples:

  • Tamam (Complete)
  • -tamam (Incomplete)
  • Haberdar (Informed)
  • haber (Uninformed)

B- Suffixes

There are a few different Turkish negative suffixes you should know about. They are: 

-me / -ma 

To make a verb negative, the suffix -me is added to the root of the verb if the last syllable of the verb has an -e, -i, , or .

Infinitive (Turkish)Infinitive (English)Negative (Turkish)Negative (English)
SeçmekTo chooseSeçmemekNot to choose
İçmekTo drinkİçmemekNot to drink
GörmekTo seeGörmemekNot to see
GülmekTo laughGülmemekNot to laugh

To make a verb negative, the suffix -ma is added to the root of the verb if the last syllable of the verb has an -a, , -o, or -u.

Infinitive (Turkish)Infinitive (English)Negative (Turkish)Negative (English)
KalmakTo stayKalmamakNot to stay
SarılmakTo hugSarılmamakNot to hug
KoymakTo putKoymamakNot to put
UyumakTo sleepUyumamakNot to sleep

A verb may have many suffixes (such as those used to show the tense and the personal pronoun), but the negating suffix is always immediately after the verb root. All of the other suffixes follow the negating suffix, ordered just as though the verb were positive. Below are some examples:

Verb: To drink (İçmek)
Negative: Not to drink (İçmemek)

Personal PronounSimple Present Tense (+)Simple Present Tense(-)Future Tense (+)Future Tense (-)Simple Past Tense (+)Simple Past Tense (-)Reported Past Tense (+)Reported Past Tense(-)
Ben (I)İçerimİçmemİçeceğimİçmeyeceğimİçtimİçmedimİçmişimİçmemişim
Sen (You)İçersinİçmezsinİçeceksinİçmeyeceksinİçtinİçmedinİçmişsinİçmemişsin
O (He/She/It)İçerİçmezİçecekİçmeyecekİçtiİçmediİçmişİçmemiş
Biz (We)İçerizİçmeyizİçeceğizİçmeyeceğizİçtikİçmedikİçmişizİçmemişiz
Siz (You)İçersinizİçmezsinizİçeceksinizİçmeyeceksinizİçtinizİçmedinizİçmişsinizİçmemişsiniz
Onlar (They)İçerlerİçmezlerİçeceklerİçmeyeceklerİçtilerİçmedilerİçmişlerİçmemişler

Did you notice that the present continuous tense is not on the table? This is because there’s an exception. In the present continuous tense, the suffixes -mı, -mi, -mu, and -mü are used to make the verb negative based on the vowel in the last syllable of the verb:

  • If it’s “a” or “ı,” -mı is used.
  • If it’s “e” or “i,” -mi is used.
  • If it’s “o” or “u,” -mu is used.
  • If it’s “ö” or “ü,” -mü is used.

Verbs with a or ı in the last syllableVerbs with e or i in the last syllableVerbs with o or u in the last syllableVerbs with ö or ü in the last syllable

Personal PronounTo take (Almak)Not to take (Almamak)To cut (Kesmek)Not to cut (Kesmemek)To ask (Sormak)Not to ask (Sormamak)To cover (Örtmek)Not to cover (Örtmemek)
Ben (I)AlıyorumAlyorumKesiyorumKesmiyorumSoruyorumSormuyorumÖrtüyorumÖrtyorum
Sen (You)AlıyorsunAlyorsunKesiyorsunKesmiyorsunSoruyorsunSormuyorsunÖrtüyorsunÖrtyorsun
O (He/She/It)AlıyorAlyorKesiyorKesmiyorSoruyorSormuyorÖrtüyorÖrtyor
Biz (We)AlıyoruzAlyoruzKesiyoruzKesmiyoruzSoruyoruzSormuyoruzÖrtüyoruzÖrtyoruz
Siz (You)AlıyorsunuzAlyorsunuzKesiyorsunuzKesmiyorsunuzSoruyorsunuzSormuyorsunuzÖrtüyorsunuzÖrtyorsunuz
Onlar (They)AlıyorlarAlyorlarKesiyorlarKesmiyorlarSoruyorlarSormuyorlarÖrtüyorlarÖrtyorlar


-maz / – mez 

This suffix is added to the verb roots or stems in order to make them negative adjectives.


  • Utan (verb root) 
    • Be ashamed
  • Utanmaz adam (becomes adjective) 
    • Shameless man 
  • Bilin (verb stem) 
    • Be known
  • Bilinmez kader (becomes adjective) 
    • Unknown fate

-madan / -meden

This suffix forms verbal adverbs; it comes after the verb root and makes it an adverb.

The suffix -madan is added to the root of the verb if the last syllable of the verb has an –a, , -o, or -u.

Al (verb root) / Take

  • Almadan / Without taking
  • Onu almadan gelme. / Don’t come without taking him/her/it.

Kır (verb root) / Break

  • Kırmadan / Without breaking
  • Kalbini kırmadan konuş. / Talk without breaking his/her heart.

Soy (verb root) / Peel

  • Soymadan / Without peeling
  • Elmayı soymadan yeme. / Don’t eat the apple without peeling it.

Kuru (verb root) / Dry

  • Kurumadan / Without drying
  • Yerler kurumadan basma. / Don’t step on the floor before it is dried.

The suffix -meden is added to the root of the verb if the last syllable of the verb has an -e, -i,, or .

Ver (verb root) / Give

  • Vermeden / Without giving
  • Vermeden alınmaz. / You can’t take without giving.

Bit (verb root) / Finish

  • Bitmeden / Without finishing
  • Ödevin bitmeden gitme. / Don’t go without finishing your homework.

Gör (verb root) / See

  • Görmeden / Without seeing
  • Beni görmeden gitme. / Don’t leave without seeing me.

Gül (verb root) / Laugh

  • Gülmeden / Without laughing
  • Gülmeden konuş / Talk without laughing

-maksınzın / -meksizin 

This suffix is added to the verb roots or stems in order to make them negative. The suffix -maksızın is added to the root of the verb if the last syllable of the verb has an -a,, -o, or -u. The suffix -meksizin is added to the root of the verb if the last syllable of the verb has an -e, -i, , or .

Bak (verb root) / Look

  • Bakmaksızın / Without looking
  • Arkasına bakmaksızın gitti. / (S)he went without looking back.

Sevil (verb stem) / Be loved

  • Sevilmeksizin / Without being loved
  • O sevilmeksizin sevdi. / (S)he loved without being loved.

-sız / -siz / -suz / -süz 

The -sız suffix makes negative adjectives from nouns. It may be used as -siz / -suz / -süz based on the vowel harmony.

  • Akıl (Mind)
  • Akılsız (Mindless)
  • Düşünce (Thought)
  • Düşüncesiz (Thoughtless)
  • Tuz (Salt)
  • Tuzsuz (Saltless)
  • Ölüm (Death)
  • Ölümsüz (Immortal)

-meyip / -mayıp 

These suffixes (based on the vowel harmony) are added to the verb roots and form another negation in the Turkish language.

Git (verb root) / Go

  • Gitmeyip / Without going
  • Keşke gitmeyip kalsaydın. / I wish you didn’t go, and stayed.

Gör (verb root) / See

  • Görmeyip / Without seeing OR Not seeing
  • Taksiyi görmeyip otobüse bindim. / I didn’t see the taxi, and got on the bus.

Ağla (verb root) / Cry

  • Ağlamayıp / Without crying OR Not crying
  • Ağlamayıp konuşmalıydın. / You should have spoken and not cried.

Koş (verb root) / Run

  • Koşmayıp / Without running OR Not running
  • Koşmayıp yürüseydin yorulmazdın. / You wouldn’t get tired if you didn’t run, and walked instead.

2. Negation in Interrogative Sentences

In Turkish, negative interrogative sentences are also formed in two ways:

1. By using negation words
2. By using suffixes

Negative Questions

A- Negation Words

We use the word değil (not) to make negative interrogative sentences. Here are some examples:

  • Sevgi üzgün değil mi? (Isn’t Sevgi sad?)
  • Bu ev sizin değil mi? (Isn’t this house yours?)
  • Beni arayan sen değil miydin? (Weren’t you the one who called me?)

B- Suffixes

Below, you’ll find the most important suffixes for Turkish negation when forming interrogatives. 

-me / -ma 

These suffixes are used exactly the same way as they’re used in negative declarative sentences. The conjugations for tense and the exception in the present continuous tense apply here as well. Below are some examples:

  • Dans etmeyi sevmez misin? (Don’t you like dancing?)
  • Bugün okula gitmeyecek misin? (Won’t you go to school today?)
  • Notumu okumadın mı? (Didn’t you read my note?)
  • Yemek yapmamış mı? (Hasn’t he/she cooked?)
  • Beni dinlemiyor musun? (Aren’t you listening to me?)

Last but not least, I would like to point out that exception I mentioned earlier in this article. The word hiç can also be used in affirmative interrogative sentences, but it has a negative meaning:

  • Hiç gider miyim sanıyorsun? (Do you think I’ll ever go?)

Here, the person implies that he/she won’t go. Although it’s used in an affirmative interrogative sentence, it has a negative meaning.

  • Senin gibi birine güvenir miyim hiç? (Would I ever trust someone like you?)

Again, the person implies here that he/she doesn’t trust the other person. Although it’s used in an affirmative interrogative sentence, it has a negative meaning.

3. Double Negation

In English, double negation normally leads to a positive meaning:

[ I don’t want nothing. ] = [ I want something. ]

However, this is not always the case in Turkish. There are certain cases where a double negative can result in a negative meaning, rather than a positive meaning. 

A- Negative verb + Olmaz (not to be)

  • Değişik mutfakları denemezsen olmaz. (It’s not okay if you don’t try other cuisines.)

Meaning: You need to try other cuisines.

  • Söz verdim, gitmezsek olmaz. (I promised; it’s not okay if we don’t go.)

Meaning: We need to go.

In both examples, the meaning is positive.

B- Negative verb + Kalmaz (not left)

  • Ona söylersen duymayan kalmaz. (If you tell him/her, there will be no one who does not hear.)

We can reword this as: If you tell him/her, everybody will hear.

  • Bunu gizlemezsen bilmeyen kalmaz. (If you don’t hide this, there won’t be anyone who doesn’t know it.)

In both examples, the meaning is positive.

C- Negative verb + Değil (not)

Söylediklerini anlayor değil. (It’s not that he/she doesn’t understand what you are saying.)

Meaning: He/she understands what you are saying.

Yine de her şey güzel olmadeğil. (It’s not that everything wasn’t good.)

Meaning: Everything was good.

In both examples, the meaning is positive.

D- Yok (there isn’t) + Değil (not)

Zamanım yok değil ama gitmeliyim. (It’s not that I don’t have time, but I have to go.)

In other words: I have time, but I have to go.

Param yok değil ama bunu alamam. (It’s not that I don’t have money, but I can’t buy this.)

In other words: I have money, but I can’t buy this.

In both examples, the meaning is positive.

E- Hiç (none / not at all) + Yok (there isn’t)

  • Bende sabır hiç yok. (I don’t have patience at all.)

Double Negation

Unlike all the other sentences we’ve looked at here, this sentence has a negative meaning although there is double negation.

F- Word + -sız / -siz olmaz (not to be)

  • Bu parti sensiz olmaz. (This party won’t be without you.)

Here’s another sentence with a negative meaning. 

G- Word + -sız / -siz değil (not)

İnan bana, o ilgisiz değil. (Believe me, he/she is not uninterested.)

Meaning: He/she is interested.

This double negation sentence has a positive meaning.

4. Access Full Turkish Grammar Content on

Stay positive, but use Turkish negation words and sentences whenever you need to. 

Be sure to let us know in the comments if you still have any questions regarding negation in Turkish. We’ll be glad to help you out!

If you would like to learn about negation in the Turkish language in more detail, then bookmark TurkishClass101, which has numerous audio recordings, tons of vocabulary lists, and plenty of free resources you can refer to. You can download the app for free and use it wherever you are.

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