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Level Up with Intermediate Turkish Vocabulary

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Are you approaching the intermediate level in Turkish? Great job! I hope you realize how remarkable your accomplishment is. 

Of course, you still have a long way to go and more milestones to complete. 

To make the transition from beginner to intermediate Turkish easier for you, we’ve compiled a list of about 300 intermediate Turkish words you should start memorizing at this stage. You’ll find words in a variety of categories, from large numbers to pronouns and adverbs. 

Ready to expand your Turkish vocabulary and start having deeper conversations? Let’s go!

A Representation of Climbing the Ladder of Success

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Turkish Table of Contents
  1. Numbers from Teens to Millions
  2. Pronouns
  3. Nouns
  4. Adjectives
  5. Adverbs
  6. Prepositions
  7. Verbs
  8. Conjunction Words
  9. Level up to intermediate Turkish with TurkishClass101.com.

1. Numbers from Teens to Millions

In our beginner words article, you learned the numbers 0-10. Now you’re ready to learn larger numbers, starting with the teens. But first, I’d like to remind you that when a number precedes a noun in Turkish, the noun does not take the plural suffix (unlike in English). 

Example:

  • Sandalye (“Chair”)
  • Bir sandalye (“One chair”)
  • Dokuz sandalye (“Nine chairs”)

Teens

NumberTurkish
11On bir
12On iki
13On üç
14On dört
15On beş
16On altı
17On yedi
18On sekiz
19On dokuz

Tens

NumberTurkish
10On 
20Yirmi
30Otuz
40Kırk
50Elli
60Altmış
70Yetmiş
80Seksen
90Doksan

Hundreds

In Turkish, the number 100 is yüz. To form the numbers from 200 to 900, all you have to do is place a number from 2-9 in front of this word: 

NumberTurkish
100Yüz
200İki yüz
300Üç yüz
400Dört yüz
500Beş yüz
600Altı yüz
700Yedi yüz
800Sekiz yüz
900Dokuz yüz

Thousands

The thousands follow a similar pattern. The Turkish word for 1,000 is bin; simply place a number 2-9 in front of this word to form your intended “thousands” number. 

NumberTurkish
1,000Bin
2,000İki bin
3,000Üç bin
4,000Dört bin
5,000Beş bin
6,000Altı bin
7,000Yedi bin
8,000Sekiz bin
9,000Dokuz bin

Let’s Count Even Higher…

Here are some numbers with many zeros!

NumberTurkish
10,000On bin
100,000Yüz bin
1,000,000Bir milyon
1,000,000,000Bir trilyon

2. Pronouns

At the beginner level, you learned…

  • …the six personal pronouns in Turkish.
  • …the possessive and interrogative pronouns. 
  • …that Turkish has no grammatical gender. 
  • …that Turkish has a polite “you,” which is the same as the plural “you.”

Now, it’s time for you to learn even more Turkish pronouns in different categories. Keep in mind that we also have an article all about Turkish pronouns on our website, so check it out if you need a refresher. 

Indefinite Pronouns

TurkishEnglish
BiriSomeone
Somebody
Bir şeySomething
Bir yerSomewhere
HerkesEveryone
Everybody
Her yerEverywhere
Her şeyEverything
Hiç kimseNo one
Nobody
Hiçbir şeyNothing
Hiçbir yerNowhere

Examples:

  • Biri senin nerede olduğunu sordu. (“Someone asked where you were.”)
  • Bugün hiçbir şey yapmadım. (“I did nothing today.”)

Relative Pronouns

TurkishEnglish
HangiWhich
KimWho
KiminWhose 

Examples:

  • O arabanın kimin arabası olduğunu buldum. (“I figured out whose car that is.”)
  • O kızın hangi oyunu sevdiğini biliyorum. (“I know which game that girl likes.”)

Accusative Pronouns

TurkishEnglish
BeniMe
SeniYou
OnuHer
Him
BiziUs
SiziYou
OnlarıThem

Examples:

  • Beni yalnız bırak. (“Leave me alone.”)
  • Onları seviyorum. (“I love them.”)

Dative Pronouns 

TurkishEnglish
BanaTo me
SanaTo you
OnaTo her
To him
BizeTo us
SizeTo you
OnlaraTo them

Examples:

  • O notlarını bana verdi. (“He/she gave his/her notes to me.”)
  • O resimleri sana gönderdi mi? (“Did he/she send the pictures to you?”)

3. Nouns

I’m sure you already know many Turkish nouns by now! Are you ready to study more complex ones to bulk up your intermediate Turkish vocabulary?

Time 

TurkishEnglish
İlkbaharSpring
YazSummer
SonbaharFall
KışWinter
Asır
Yüzyıl
Century

Places

TurkishEnglish
BaşkentCapital
Şehir merkeziDowntown
LimanHarbor
AdaIsland
PlajBeach
Hayvanat bahçesiZoo
MüzeMuseum
KütüphaneLibrary
BankaBank
EczanePharmacy
KarakolPolice station
PostanePost office

Zoo

Technology

Technology is everywhere, so let’s add more technology-related words to your vocabulary.

TurkishEnglish
TelevizyonTV
EkranScreen
KlavyeKeyboard
KameraCamera
MikrofonMicrophone
YazılımSoftware
DonanımHardware
Sosyal medyaSocial media
BlogBlog
SunucuServer
Network

Home 

TurkishEnglish
EvHouse
ApartmanApartment building
DaireFlat
ÇatıRoof
BalkonBalcony
BahçeGarden
KatFloor
OdaRoom
Yatak odasıBedroom
Yemek odasıDining room
SalonLiving room
MutfakKitchen
BanyoBathroom

Tableware 

TurkishEnglish
ÇatalFork
BıçakKnife
KaşıkSpoon
TabakPlate
Servis kaşığıServing spoon
BardakGlass
Şarap bardağı
Şarap kadehi
Wineglass
KaseBowl
SürahiPitcher
KürdanToothpick

Tableware

Clothing

Dear fashionistas, the list below is specifically for you. 

TurkishEnglish
EtekSkirt
ElbiseDress
Takım elbiseSuit
PantolonPants
Kot pantolonJeans
ŞortShorts
BluzBlouse
GömlekShirt
TişörtT-shirt
KazakSweater
YelekVest
CeketJacket
YağmurlukRaincoat
PaltoCoat
AtkıScarf
EldivenGloves
MayoSwimsuit
ŞapkaHat
AyakkabıShoes
BotBoots
TerlikSlipper
ÇantaPurse
YakaCollar
DüğmeButton
CepPocket
Uzun kolluLong sleeve
Kısa kolluShort sleeve
Bisiklet yakaCrew-neck
V yakaV-neck

Please note that the word pantolon (“pants”) is singular in Turkish, unlike in English.

Clothing

4. Adjectives

Now that you have a better understanding of the Turkish language and a solid vocabulary base, you’re able to start making the most of adjectives and other descriptive words. Below are several intermediate Turkish adjectives to start practicing right away. 

TurkishEnglish
ÖzelSpecial
DeğerliPrecious
KomikFunny
TehlikeliDangerous
MasumInnocent
SuçluGuilty
EspriliWitty
GerçekReal
DoğruCorrect
YanlışWrong
GüvenilirTrustworthy
TemizClean
Kirli/pisDirty
YoğunBusy
Intense
Dense
Gururlu Proud
KorkunçScary
SakinCalm
ÜnlüFamous
Sinir bozucuAnnoying
TazeFresh
BayatNot fresh
AcıBitter
TatlıSweet
TuzluSalty
EkşiSour
BaharatlıSpicy
SuluJuicy
Watery
DerinDeep
SığShallow
DağınıkUntidy
YassıFlat
KibirliArrogant
RenkliColorful
KaranlıkDark
SüslüFancy
VahşiWild

A Woman Biting a Sour Lemon

5. Adverbs

Adverbs are words that provide more information about a verb, an adjective, or even another adverb. Using the right Turkish adverbs in your conversations or writing can add clarity and structure to your thoughts. 

TurkishEnglish
ÖzellikleEspecially
SonundaAt last
Finally
ZatenAlready
HenüzAlready
HâlâStill
ArtıkNo longer
Anymore
ŞimdiNow
SonraThen
Son zamanlardaLately
Hemen hemenAlmost
Zaman zamanFrom time to time
Hemen şimdiRight now
Şu anŞu andaAt the moment
Currently
Aynı zamandaAt the same time
Mümkün olan en kısa zamandaAs soon as possible
YakındaSoon
Uzun zamandırFor a long time
BirazdanIn a little while
YakındaSoon
YaklaşıkApproximately
KesinlikleDefinitely
MutlakaAbsolutely
ÇoğunluklaMostly
YavaşçaSlowly
DikkatliceCarefully
HızlıcaQuickly
GüçlükleHardly
NazikçeKindly
KolaycaEasily
SessizceQuietly
AçıkçaFrankly
Openly
Clearly
KibarcaPolitely
SakinceCalmly

6. Prepositions

TurkishEnglish
ÖnündeIn front of
ArkasındaBehind
KarşısındaAcross
EtrafındaAround
ÖtesindeBeyond
TarafındanBy
İçinFor
YanındaNext to
YakınındaNear
AltındaUnder
ÜzerindeOn
Over
Yukarıda
Yukarısında
Above
Aşağıda
Aşağısında
Below
İçindeIn
Inside of
ArasındaBetween
AracılığıylaVia
ÖnceBefore
Ago
Sonra After

7. Verbs

As a beginner, you learned basic action words and auxiliaries that helped you get your point across. Learning more advanced verbs is a great way to improve your Turkish, and it will enable you to speak on a greater variety of topics. Here are the essential intermediate Turkish verbs: 

TurkishEnglish
Yaşamak To live
Ölmek To die
BüyümekTo grow
YaşlanmakTo get old
HastalanmakTo get sick
İyileşmek To recover
YorulmakTo get tired
Dinlenmek To rest
ErtelemekTo postpone
Seyahat etmekTo travel
SatmakTo sell
Satın almakTo buy
To purchase
ÖdemekTo pay
Ödünç almakTo borrow
Borç vermekTo lend
Seçmek  To choose
GözlemlemekTo observe
Tercih etmek  To prefer
Kabul etmek  To accept
ReddetmekTo refuse
İptal etmekTo cancel
Sormak To ask
CevaplamakTo answer
To reply
Fark etmekTo realize
HazırlamakTo prepare
AramakTo look for
BulmakTo find
ÇözmekTo solve
To untie
BağlamakTo tie
To link
SaklamakTo hide
GizlemekTo hide
Teklif etmekTo propose
To offer
SağlamakTo provide
Elde etmekTo achieve
Tavsiye etmekTo recommend
TaşınmakTo move
HatırlatmakTo remind
Şikâyet etmekTo complain
Tehdit etmekTo threaten
TırmanmakTo climb
UçmakTo fly
KesmekTo cut 
KırmakTo break
SuçlamakTo blame
İtmekTo push
ÇekmekTo pull
BaşarmakTo succeed
Pes etmekTo give up
KazanmakTo win
KaybetmekTo lose
ÇalmakTo steal
GirmekTo enter
ÇıkmakTo exit

Examples: 

  • Bu durumda, ölmek mi yaşamak mı daha iyi sence? (“Do you think in this situation it’s better to live or to die?”)
  • Kazanmak kadar kaybetmek de doğal! (“Losing is as natural as winning!”)

8. Conjunction Words

Our final set of intermediate Turkish words consists of conjunctions. These little words can help you build more complex sentences and add structure to your thoughts. 

TurkishEnglish
İleWith
AmaBut
However
FakatBut
However
AncakHowever
Bu nedenleTherefore
BöyleceSo
DolayıBecause of
Due to
BileEven
Even if
Yani In other words
HalbukiHowever
AslındaActually
In fact
AyrıcaFurthermore
Ne…ne deNeither…nor
Ya…ya da Either…or
Aksi takdirdeOtherwise
YeterkiAs long as

Examples:

  • Ne balık severim ne de tavuk. (“I like neither fish nor chicken.”)
  • Ne istersen yaparım yeterki beni affet. (“I’d do whatever you want as long as you forgive me.”)

9. Level up to intermediate Turkish with TurkishClass101.com.

Now you’ve learned quite a number of intermediate Turkish words in different categories. Did you know any of these words already, or were they all new to you? 

    → Feeling confident in your Turkish abilities and ready to explore some new territory? We recommend heading over to our intermediate Turkish course.

Learning Turkish is simple with TurkishClass101. We provide our students with numerous audio lessons and recordings, tons of vocabulary lists, and a variety of free resources (including this Turkish dictionary) that you can refer to. You can also utilize our MyTeacher service, which allows you to study and practice 1-on-1 with a native Turkish teacher. 

What’s more, you can download the app for free and use it wherever you are.

It’s our goal to help you learn Turkish in a fun and effective manner, all at your convenience. As such, we welcome any feedback or questions you may have.

Last but not least, happy Turkish learning!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Turkish