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Boost Your Learning Experience with Common Turkish Verbs


Action, occurrence, process, condition, and state of being—don’t these words remind us of flow or the dynamism of life? Of course they do, but beyond that, when one of these concepts is conveyed in a word or a group of words, they’re known as verbs. Verbs are an important aspect in the structure of a sentence.

In our previous articles, we talked about “100 Nouns” and “Pronouns” in Turkish. Now, it’s time to learn about the missing part, Turkish verbs, to be able to make full sentences.

A verb’s placement in a sentence may vary depending on the language.

All Turkish verbs are placed at the end of the sentence. The object follows the subject in a sentence, and then comes the verb.

Good news! There’s no grammatical gender in Turkish, so the verbs don’t change according to gender. However, depending on the tense, the Turkish verb cases are created by adding personal suffixes based on the personal pronouns used.

Let’s see how to say “verb” in Turkish:

· Fiil – “Verb”

Now that we have the basics out of the way, let’s take a look at our common Turkish verbs list and broaden your vocabulary!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Useful Verbs in Turkish Table of Contents
  1. Turkish Infinitive Verbs
  2. Types of Turkish Language Verbs
  3. Other Common Turkish Verbs and Their Usage in Sentences
  4. Learn About Advanced Turkish Verbs with TurkishClass101

1. Turkish Infinitive Verbs

Top Verbs

The infinitive form of a verb is the uninflected form of that verb.


The positive infinitive forms of all Turkish verbs take the -mak or -mek suffix at the end based on vowel harmony. If the last vowel of the verb is “a, ı, o, u,” the suffix -mak is used. If the last vowel of the verb is “e, i, ö, ü,” then the suffix -mek is used.

You can start creating your own personal list of important Turkish verbs for your studies with the most common Turkish verbs below:

Düşmek – “To fall”

Gelmek – “To come”

Gitmek – “To go”

Giyinmek – “To get dressed”

Göstermek – “To show”

İçmek – “To drink”

Öğrenmek – “To learn”

Söylemek – “To say,” “To tell”

Temizlemek – “To clean”

Yemek – “To eat”

Açmak – “To open”

Aramak – “To look for”

Bakmak – “To look”

Bulmak – “To find”

Buluşmak – “To meet”

Dokunmak – “To touch”

Konuşmak – “To talk”

Kullanmak – “To use”

Okumak – “To read”

Tutmak – “To hold”

Yazmak – “To write”


There are also negative verb infinitives in Turkish (ex: “not to make,” “not to teach,” etc.). In this case, the verb is followed by the negative suffix -ma or -me based on the vowel harmony mentioned above. Then comes -mak after -ma and -mek after -me negative suffixes. Here are some negative Turkish verbs with English translations:

Yapmamak (Yap-ma-mak) – “Not to do,” “Not to make”

Almamak (Al-ma-mak) – “Not to take”

Boyamamak (Boya-ma-mak) – “Not to color,” “Not to paint”

Kırmamak (Kır-ma-mak) – “Not to break”

Kaçmamak (Kaç-ma-mak) – “Not to escape”

Gitmemek (Git-me-mek) – “Not to go”

Öğrenmemek (Öğren-me-mek) – “Not to learn”

Öğretmemek (Öğret-me-mek) – “Not to teach”

Çizmemek (Çiz-me-mek) – “Not to draw”

Silmemek (Sil-me-mek) – “Not to erase,” “Not to delete”

2. Types of Turkish Language Verbs

More Essential Verbs

Action verbs

Action verbs are verbs that indicate an action, as the name suggests. They describe what someone or something does.

Below are some action verbs in Turkish:

Koşmak – “To run”

Oynamak – “To play”

Gülmek – “To laugh”

Yürümek – “To walk”

People in Uniform Running in a Field

There are two types of action verbs: Transitive and Intransitive.

Turkish Transitive Verbs 

A transitive verb is followed by a noun or noun phrase that receives the action of the verb, which is called the “direct object.”

Transitive verbs sometimes have indirect objects, which name the object to whom or for whom the action was done.

For example:

Mike annesini arıyor. – “Mike is calling his mother.”

Verb in TurkishVerb in EnglishDirect Object in TurkishDirect Object in EnglishIndirect Object in TurkishIndirect Object in English
AramakTo callAnnesiHis motherN/AN/A

Mary kitabı Jane’e verdi. – “Mary gave Jane the book.”

Verb in TurkishVerb in EnglishDirect Object in TurkishDirect Object in EnglishIndirect Object in TurkishIndirect Object in English
VermekTo giveKitabıThe bookJaneJane

A small clue for you: If you can make the sentence passive, then it means it uses a transitive verb.

Turkish Intransitive Verbs

An intransitive verb doesn’t have a direct or indirect object. It may be followed by an adverb or adverbial phrase, but there’s no object to receive its action. Let’s see how intransitive Turkish verbs fit into sentences:

Çocuk ağladı. – “The boy cried.”

Verb in TurkishVerb in EnglishDirect ObjectIndirect Object
AğlamakTo cryN/AN/A

State Verbs

A state verb describes a state of being, not an action.

State verbs generally fall into four groups. Let’s discover some of these useful Turkish verbs:


Sevmek – “To love”

Nefret etmek – “To hate”

İstemek – “To want”

Hands Forming a Heart


Sahip olmak – “To have,” “To own”

Ait olmak – “To belong”


Görmek – “To see”

Duymak – “To hear”

Koklamak – “To smell”


Bilmek – “To know”

İnanmak – “To believe”

Hatırlamak – “To remember”

Düşünmek – “To think”

Verbs that Describe Occurrences

These are verbs that describe a sudden change that’s not necessarily intentional. The event that occurs on or to the object is involuntary, and there’s usually a time factor involved here. These verbs don’t take any objects and are therefore intransitive verbs.

For example:

Bugün hastalandım. – “I got sick today.”

Here are some Turkish verbs that describe occurrences:

Acıkmak – “To get hungry”

Soğumak – “To get cold,” “To cool”

Uzamak – “To get taller”

Bayatlamak – “To get stale”  

Körelmek – “To become blunt” 

Turkish Auxiliary Verbs

An auxiliary verb is also called a helping verb. The main auxiliary verbs in Turkish are etmek, olmak, yapmak, kılmak, and eylemek.

These essential Turkish verbs are explained in detail below:

Etmek  – “To do,” “To make,” “To perform”

This word isn’t usually used as a verb by itself. It’s used with other words, some of which are Arabic and Persian. However, although many Arabic words don’t follow the rules of vowel harmony, any Turkish suffixes added will always be based on the final vowel in the word.

For example:

Teşekkür etmek – “Thank you”

Takdir etmek – “To appreciate”

If the verb is formed with a single-syllable word, then the word etmek gets combined with the root word. If the word ends in a consonant, that letter will generally double.  

Af – “Pardon”

Affetmek – “To forgive”

Ret – “Refusal” 

Reddetmek – “To refuse”

Other usages of this helping word are:

Mutlu etmek – “To make happy”

Kabul etmek – “To accept”

Teslim etmek – “To deliver”

Kontrol etmek – “To check,” “To control”

Olmak – “To be”

This is the verb “to be” in Turkish. It also means “to become,” “to happen,” or “to occur.”

Although the verb’s meaning is stated above, it has a different meaning when used as a helping verb, as shown below:

Sahip olmak – “To have”

Pişman olmak – “To regret”

Mutlu olmak – “To be happy”  

Yapmak  – “To do,” “To make”

 Here are some verbs that can be formed when yapmak is used as an auxiliary verb:

Bakım yapmak – “To maintain”

Katkı yapmak – “To contribute”

Prova yapmak – “To rehearse”

Eylemek – “To carry out “

Eylemek can substitute etmek and serves the same purpose. It’s usually used in writing and is very seldomly used in conversations.

Sabreylemek – “To be patient”

Reddeylemek – “To refuse”

Niyaz eylemek – “To supplicate”

Arz eylemek – “To present,” “To offer”

Seyreylemek – “To watch”

Kılmak – “To make,” “To do”

When used as a helping verb, the meaning of this verb changes. Here are some examples for you:

Namaz kılmak – “To perform prayer”

Mecbur kılmak – “To oblige someone to do (something)”

Zorunlu kılmak – “To oblige”

Verb List

3. Other Common Turkish Verbs and Their Usage in Sentences

Negative Verbs

Now we’ll introduce you to other useful and common Turkish verbs, as well as their usage in simple sentences. Keep in mind while reading the examples that we’ll be going over how to conjugate Turkish verbs in a future article.

By the time you get to the end of this article, you’ll know around 100 Turkish verbs. It might be a good idea to add the following words to your own Turkish verbs list for easy reference as you study. Are you ready to expand your Turkish verb vocabulary? Let’s go.

Satmak – “To sell”

Evimi satıyorum. – “I’m selling my house.”

Oturmak – “To sit”

Ben şimdi oturuyorum. – “I’m sitting now.”

Kalkmak – “To get up”

Her sabah 6’da kalkarım. – “I get up at six every morning.”

Kapatmak – “To close”

Linda kapıyı kapatıyor. – “Linda is closing the door.”

Uyumak – “To sleep”

Annem uyuyor. – “My mother is sleeping.”

Fırçalamak – “To brush”

Kızım saçlarını fırçalıyor. – “My daughter is brushing her hair.”

Yüzmek – “To swim”

Eşim her gün yüzer. – “My husband swims every day.”

Unutmak – “To forget”

Kitabımı evde unuttum. – “I forgot my book at home.”

Çalışmak – “To study,” “To work”

Türkçe çalışıyorum. – “I’m studying Turkish.”

Kaçırmak – “To miss”

Otobüsü kaçırdım. – “I missed the bus.”

Yaşamak – “To live”

Türkiye’de yaşıyorum. – “I live in Turkey.”

Uyanmak – “To wake up”

Her sabah 6’da uyanıyorum. – “I wake up at six every morning.”

Atmak – “To throw”

Lütfen bana topu at. – “Please throw the ball to me.”

Hatırlamak – “To remember”

Seni hatırlıyorum. – “I remember you.”

Last, but not least, we would like to talk about the verb yapmak, which means both “to do” and “to make.” We do want to emphasize that this word has a wide range of uses.

Ödev yapmak – “To do homework”

İş yapmak – “To do work,” “To do business”

Saçını yapmak – “To do hair”

Alışveriş yapmak – “To do shopping”

Hata yapmak – “To make a mistake”

Kahve yapmak – “To make coffee”

Kek yapmak – “To make a cake”

Şaka yapmak – “To make a joke”

Gözlem yapmak – “To make an observation”

Liste yapmak – “To make a list”

4. Learn About Advanced Turkish Verbs with TurkishClass101

Wasn’t it easy to learn the 100 most common Turkish verbs via one article? Why not shoot for 500 Turkish verbs? Do you want to know how to learn Turkish verbs quickly and easily?

First of all, don’t lose any time and visit our website. Then, make sure to include all of the Turkish verbs we went over to a personal Turkish verbs list. As you proceed to Turkish verb conjugation, you can create a study guide or PDF file for this as well. Further, be sure to take full advantage of the dictionary on our website—it will make your life so much easier!

Please let us know in the comments section if this Turkish verbs guide was helpful to you! Is there anything you’re not quite sure about after reading it? Note that every detail you learn will contribute to your success in speaking Turkish fluently!

Happy learning! 

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Complete Guide to Turkish Pronouns


Pronouns, in general, help to prevent repeating nouns, which can be annoying. During conversations

or while writing, one should avoid doing this for the sake of clarity. Redundancy only causes confusion.

Pronouns in Turkish language-learning are essential, because having a good command of Turkish pronouns will help you be a better, more efficient speaker and writer of the language. Pronunciation is also key; check out this Turkish pronouns list to hear the correct pronunciation of each word and expand upon your pronouns in Turkish vocabulary. 

Make sure you’re pronouncing the whole word, because every letter counts. Turkish is a very efficient language and relies heavily on short suffixes (sometimes made up of just one letter) to get the message across. Unlike in English, Turkish words may take on different suffixes, some of which express grammatical tenses. There’s an order to how the different types of suffixes are added; according to this order, the personal pronoun suffixes are added at the end of the word, as the last suffix.

Take a look at this example:

  • Ben gelmiştim.
    “I had come.”

In the English sentence, grammatical tense is expressed through the word “had.” In the Turkish sentence, instead of using a separate word, we add the suffix -miş (for past tense), then we add the pronoun ending -m to state that the subject is the first person singular.

But not all pronouns are formed this way. There are two types of Turkish pronouns:

  1. Stand-alone pronouns 
  2. Pronouns that are added as suffixes

It’s important to know both kinds, because failing to use them correctly could lead to misunderstandings. We’ll cover each kind below as we look into different forms of pronouns and learn through Turkish pronouns examples. Make sure to find the most efficient and unique way you’re able to learn this important grammar topic. When studying pronouns in Turkish, lessons like this are helpful, but can only go so far.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Turkish Table of Contents
  1. Turkish Personal Pronouns
  2. Turkish Possessive Pronouns
  3. Demonstrative Pronouns in Turkish
  4. Turkish Interrogative Pronouns
  5. Turkish Indefinite Pronouns
  6. Turkish Relative Pronouns
  7. The Turkish Reflexive Pronoun
  8. Suffixed Pronouns in Turkish
  9. Things to Remember about the Use of Turkish Pronouns
  10. Conclusion

1. Turkish Personal Pronouns

Introducing Yourself

Personal pronouns are the most common type of pronoun. Here, we’ll go over personal pronouns in Turkish, phrases to help you understand how they work, and more information. 

1- 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Person Singular Pronouns

  • Ben (I): Ben çok yoruldum. “I am very tired.”
  • Sen (you) Sen çok yoruldun. “You are very tired.”
  • O (he/she) O çok yoruldu. “He/she/it is very tired.”
  • Please note that the third singular person o is a Turkish gender-neutral pronoun.
  • Unlike in English, in Turkish we add a suffix to the verb to emphasize the person. In daily life or conversational writing, Ben çok yoruldum could be replaced by a mere Çok yoruldum. Omitting the stand-alone pronoun doesn’t change the meaning. But stating it helps to emphasize that the subject is the first person.
  • Even when using stand-alone pronouns, we must take care to add the appropriate endings to the verb. As you can see in the examples above, we add  -m, -n, and no endings to the verb for the first, second, and third person respectively.

2- 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Person Plural Pronouns

  • Biz (we):       Biz çok yorulduk. “We are very tired.”
  • Siz (you):     Siz çok yoruldunuz. “You are very tired.”
  • Onlar (they): Onlar çok yoruldular. “They are very tired.”
  • The first, second, and third persons require adding a -k, -nuz, and -lar, respectively, to emphasize the subject.

A. Object Forms: 

  • Ben (Me)
    Beni seviyorlar.
    “They love me.”

Add suffix: i, ı, o, ö, u, or ü according to the vowel pattern.

B. Formal / Honorific or Informal / Casual Forms: 

Biz; Siz (We; You) are used like the royal “we.” The plural meaning doubles as an honorific.

Biz size emrettik.
“We ordered you.”

Here, both “we” and “you” are used formally and have plural meanings.

C. Direct Forms:

 Add -i
Ali ipi aldı.
“Ali took the string.”

ip + i

2. Turkish Possessive Pronouns

Possessive pronouns are what allow you to identify the owner of something without using the same noun over and over. Learn about Turkish possessive pronouns in this section to increase your Turkish skills and knowledge. 

Add -m to ben; add -n to sen; add nothing to o. 

Example: Benim kalemim. “My pencil.”

     Senin kalemin. “Your pencil.”

     Onun kalemi. “His/Her pencil.”

3. Demonstrative Pronouns in Turkish


Here are some demonstrative pronouns with examples of them in sentences. Notice the suffix that emphasizes the person respectively. 

Bu (This):
Bu kalem benim.
“This pencil is mine.”

Bunlar (These):
Bu kalemler benim.
“These pencils are mine.”

Plural (add -ler to the noun) 

O (That):
O kalem benim.
“That pencil is mine.”

Onlar (Those):
O kalemler benim.
“Those pencils are mine.”

Plural (add -ler to the noun)

1- Add a suffix (-ler/lar) to Make Plural: 

Bu beyaz.            “This is white.”
Bunlar beyaz. “These are white.”

2- Demonstrating Place: Burada; Orada

Burada (Here):
Ev burada.
“The house is here.”

Orada (There):         
Ev orada.
“The house is there.”

4. Turkish Interrogative Pronouns

Basic Questions
  • Ne (What):
    Sen ne hazırladın?
    “What did you prepare?”
  • Hangisi (Which):
    Hangisi senin?
    “Which (one) is yours?”
  • Kim/Kimin (Who/Whom/Whose):
    O elbise kimin?
    O elbise kimin?
  • Nerede (Where):
    Senin evin nerede?
    “Where is your house?”
  • Ne zaman (When):
    Ne zaman eve geldin?
    “When did you come home?”
  • Neden (Why):
    Neden ekmek aldın?
    “Why did you get bread?”

5. Turkish Indefinite Pronouns

  • Herkes (everyone/everybody):
    Herkes sevilmek ister.
    “Everyone wants to be loved.”
  • Her yer (everywhere):
    Her yer karanlık.
    “Everywhere is dark.”
  • Her şey (everything):
    Her şey hazır.
    “Everything is ready.”
  • Birisi (Someone/somebody):
    Birisi benim çantamı getirmiş.
    “Somebody brought my bag.”
  • Bir yer/bir yerler (somewhere):
    Ekmek satan bir yer biliyor musun?
    “Do you know somewhere we can get bread?”
  • Bir şey (something):
    Sen bir şey saklıyorsun!
    “You are hiding something!”
  • Hiç kimse (no one/nobody):
    Hiç kimse onu sevmiyor.
    “No one likes him/her.”
  • Hiçbir yer (nowhere):
    Hiçbir yer İstanbul’a benzemez.
    “There’s nowhere like Istanbul.”
  • Hiçbir şey (nothing):
    Bana hiçbir şey almadı.
    “He bought me nothing.”
  • Kimse/Herhangi biri (anyone/anybody):
    Kimse var mı?
    “Is anybody there?”
  • Herhangi bir yer (anywhere):
    Ben istediğim herhangi bir yere gidebilirim.
    “I can go anywhere I want.”
  • Herhangi bir şey (anything):
    Herhangi bir şey istiyor musun?
    “Do you want anything?”

6. Turkish Relative Pronouns

Turkish relative pronouns are as follows:

  • Which (hangi)
  • That (o)
  • Who (kim)
  • Whom (kim)
  • Whose (kimin)

In Turkish, you usually add a suffix to the noun even though you’ve used a relative pronoun:

relative pronoun + noun + relative suffix

Example 1:
Hangi ev senin? O ev benim.
“Which house is yours? That is mine.”

Example 2:
Kim ödevini yaptı?
“Who did their homework?”
Explanation: ödevini (ödev + ini)

Example 3:
Kimin kedisi miyavladı?
“Whose cat meowed?”
Explanation: kedisi (kedi + si)

7. The Turkish Reflexive Pronoun

Improve Listening

The pronoun kendi (or “myself” in English) is used to emphasize the subject. You may see a personal pronoun plus the reflexive pronoun in the same sentence. Take a look at this example:

  • Ben keki kendim yedim.
    “I ate the cake by myself.”

The meaning is the same when we omit the word kendim, but adding it emphasizes the fact that “I” was the one who ate.

According to the person, the reflexive or intensive pronoun kendi takes on different pronoun suffixes.


  • Kendim
  • Kendin
  • Kendi


  • Kendimiz
  • Kendileri
  • Kendileri

8. Suffixed Pronouns in Turkish

1. Motion Toward Suffixes

Add -e/-a to imply moving toward an object/person:

Bana (to me)

Sana (to you)

Ona (to him/her)

Bize (to us)

Size (to you)

Onlara (to them)


Bana gidelim. Sana gidelim. Ona gidelim. (Singular: Let’s go to my / your / his place.)

Bize gidelim. Size gidelim. Onlara gidelim. (Plural: Let’s go to our / your / their place.)

2. Static Condition Suffixes

A Bag Full of Groceries

Add -de-da to a pronoun to imply a condition:

Bende (with* me)

Sende (with you)

Onda (with him/her)

Bizde (with us)

Sizde (with you – plural)

Onlarda (with them)

*note: depending on the context -de can be also translated as “in, on, at”


Çanta bende. Çanta sende. Çanta onda. (Singular: The bag is with me / you / him.)

Çanta bizde. Çanta sizde. Çanta onlarda. (Plural: The bag is with us / you / them.)

3. Motion Away Suffixes

Add -den/-dan to imply moving away from something:

Benden (from me)

Senden (from you)

Ondan (from him/her)

Bizden (from us)

Sizden (from you – plural)

Onlardan (from them)


Kedi benden kaçtı. Kedi senden kaçtı. Kedi ondan kaçtı. (Singular: The cat ran from me / you / him.)

Kedi bizden kaçtı. Kedi sizden kaçtı. Kedi onlardan kaçtı. (Plural: The cat ran from us / you / them.)

9. Things to Remember about the Use of Turkish Pronouns

Turkish pronouns and suffixes are short, but they add loads of meaning to a word or a whole sentence. Turkish differs from English in the way it relies heavily on suffixes to convey meaning quickly and easily. 

Here are a few points to take care of when using pronouns:

  • The nasal -m and -n endings: The first and second person suffixes are both nasal sounds and may be easily confused. Take care not to. You could add a pronoun to emphasize which person you’re referring to, if this is helpful to you.
  • Turkish is a genderless language. When it comes to Turkish pronouns, gender doesn’t matter; there’s no gender-specific pronouns for the third person. This is something that may take getting used to for English-speakers. You may need to add a noun after the pronoun, such as kadın meaning “woman,”  kız meaning “girl,” adam meaning “man,” or oğlan meaning “boy” to specify who you’re referring to.


  • Onu gördün mü? 
    “Did you see him/her?”
  • Kimi gördüm mü?
    “Who are you talking about?”
  • O kızı gördün mü?
    “Did you see her?”
Girl Reading from ipad
  • Because pronouns are used to replace nouns, it’ll be useful to strengthen your vocabulary with more nouns and adjectives. Having an expansive vocabulary will enable you to express yourself better. You can practice from noun lists and lists of adjectives to support your language-learning.

Once you get the hang of it, pronouns aren’t that hard to master. Make sure to practice reading and listening to Turkish so you’re immersed in the language for long periods and are exposed to all the sentence and word patterns.

Next, how about exploring further with adverbs and phrases for connecting thoughts? 

10. Conclusion

Before you go, let us know in the comments how you feel about Turkish pronouns so far. Do you find them difficult still, or are you getting the hang of it? We look forward to hearing from you!

Learn Turkish pronouns at TurkishClass101! You’ll find a wealth of resources and fun ways to engage in learning Turkish, including more insightful blog posts like this one and free Turkish vocabulary lists to help you broaden your word knowledge! Learning a new language can seem like an impossible task at times, but know that with enough determination and hard work, you’ll be speaking, reading, and writing Turkish like a native!

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Pronunciation is an essential ingredient in language-learning. Proper pronunciation prompts clear understanding during conversations with native speakers.

Prior to learning full Korean sentences, my online Korean language tutor assigned the “Hana Hana Hangul” pathway to me. It demonstrated the writing and pronunciation of Hangul, the Korean alphabet. Throughout this pathway, I submitted recordings of my Hangul character pronunciations to my language teacher for review.

I was given a similar task on with the “Ultimate Japanese Pronunciation Guide” pathway. My Japanese language teacher tested my pronunciation of the Japanese characters kana. My completion of the two pathways boosted my confidence in speaking.

Speaking is one of the more challenging components of learning a language. The voice recording tool in particular was a great way for me to improve my speaking skills. Further, because the lesson dialogues are spoken by native speakers, I’m able to practice speaking naturally.

This feature is also available for vocabulary words and sample sentences. Being able to hear these recordings improves my pronunciation skills for languages like Japanese, where intonation can change the meaning of a word entirely. The voice recorder examines my speed and tone. I also follow up by sending a recording to my online language tutor for feedback.

A great way to boost one’s speaking confidence is to shadow native speakers. During the vocabulary reviews, it’s helpful for me to hear the breakdown of each word; doing so makes a word that was originally difficult to even read a breeze to say!

Some lessons create opportunities to speak your own sentences. For example, the “Top 25 Korean Questions You Need to Know” pathway presents opportunities to answer questions personally. This helps you gain the ability to give answers as the unique individual you are.

Example Scenario:

The host asks the following question:

어디에 살고 있습니까?

eodieseo salgo isseumnikka

“Where do you live?”

If you live in Tokyo, you would readily say the following:

도쿄에 살고 있습니다.

Tokyo-e salgo isseumnida.

“I live in Tokyo.”

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Imagine having a conversation with a native speaker and hesitating because you lack a solid vocabulary base.

Premium PLUS offers various features to expand learners’ vocabulary, including Free Gifts of the Month. TurkishClass101’s free gifts for April 2020 included an e-book with “400 Everyday Phrases for Beginners,” and the content is updated every month. When I download free resources like this, I find opportunities to use them with co-teachers, friends, or my language tutors.

An effective way to learn vocabulary is with SRS flashcards. SRS is a system designed for learning a new word and reviewing it in varying time intervals.

You can create and study flashcard decks, whether it’s your Word Bank or a certain vocabulary list. For example, if you need to visit a post office, the “Post Office” vocabulary list for your target language would be beneficial to study prior to your visit.

In addition to the SRS flashcards, each lesson has a vocabulary slideshow and quiz to review the lesson’s vocabulary.

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With the SRS flashcards, you can change the settings to your liking. The settings range from different card types to number of new cards per deck. Personally, I give myself vocabulary tests by changing the settings.

After studying a number of flashcards, I change the card types to listening comprehension and/or production. Then I test myself by writing the translation of the word or the spoken word or phrase.

The change in settings allow me to remember vocabulary and learn how to identify the words. This is especially helpful with Japanese kanji!

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Homework assignments are advantageous to my language studies. There are homework assignments auto-generated weekly. They range from multiple-choice quizzes to writing assignments.

Language tutors are readily available for homework help. Some writing assignments, for instance, require use of unfamiliar vocabulary. In such cases, my language teachers assist me by forwarding related lessons or vocabulary lists.

In addition to these auto-generated homework tasks, language tutors customize daily assignments. My daily homework assignments include submitting three written sentences that apply the target grammar point of that lesson, and then blindly audio-recording those sentences. My personal language tutor follows up with feedback and corrections, if needed.

Your language tutors also provide assignments upon requests. When I wanted to review grammar, my Korean teacher sent related quizzes and assignments. Thus, you are not only limited to the auto-generated assignments.

Every weekend, I review by re-reading those written sentences. It helps me remember sentence structures, grammar points, and vocabulary to apply in real-world contexts.

Furthermore, I can track my progress with language portfolios every trimester. It’s like a midterm exam that tests my listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills.

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My language teachers cater to my goals with personalized and achievable learning programs. The tangible support of my online language teachers makes it evident that we share common goals.

Once I share a short-term or long-term goal with my teacher, we establish a plan or pathway that will ultimately result in success. I coordinate with my teachers regularly to ensure the personalized learning programs are prosperous. For example, during my JLPT studies, my Japanese language tutor assigned me practice tests.

Your language tutor is available for outside help as well. When I bought drama CDs in Japan, I had difficulty transliterating the dialogue. My Japanese teacher forwarded me the script to read along as I listened.

Additionally, I often practice Korean and Japanese with music. I memorize one line of the lyrics daily. Every time, I learn a new grammar point and new vocabulary. I add the vocabulary to my SRS flashcards, locate the grammar in the Grammar Bank, and study the associated lessons online.

I send my teachers the name of the songs, making them aware of my new goal. One time, my song for Korean was “If You Do” by GOT7. My Korean teacher revealed that she was a huge fan of GOT7 like me! For Japanese, it was “CHA-LA HEAD-CHA-LA,” also known as the Dragonball Z theme song. My Japanese teacher excitedly told me that she sang the song a lot as a kid!

A remarkable thing happened to me in South Korea. I was stressed about opening a bank account with limited Korean. I sought help from my Korean teacher. She forwarded me a script of a bank conversation.

After two days, I visited the local bank. It all started with my opening sentence:

은행 계좌를 만들고 싶어요

eunhaeng gyejwaleul mandeulgo sip-eoyo.

I want to open a bank account.

Everything went smoothly, and I exited the bank with a new account!

The MyTeacher Messenger allows me to share visuals with my teachers for regular interaction, including videos to critique my pronunciation mechanisms. I improve my listening and speaking skills by exchanging audio with my teachers. In addition to my written homework assignments, I exchange messages with my language teachers in my target language. This connection with my teachers enables me to experience the culture as well as the language.

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As of right now, your challenge is to subscribe to Premium PLUS! Complete your assessment, and meet your new Turkish teacher.

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A Journey into the Turkish Word Order


Have you ever played with Legos or blocks? You may find this question odd, so let me explain. 

I think that words resemble individual Legos or blocks. If you put them together randomly, you’re not going to build a meaningful structure. The same is true for words. 

Depending on the characteristics of a language, words have to be in a certain order to form meaningful sentences. You can’t just put one after the other with a hit-or-miss approach. This makes Turkish word order and sentence structure a can’t-miss aspect of learning the language.

Lots of Legos

Would you like to learn about word order in Turkish grammar and basic sentence structure in Turkish? Then I recommend that you read through this article carefully and take notes on the most significant points.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Turkish Table of Contents
  1. Introduction to Turkish Sentence Structure
  2. First Stop: SOV Word Order in Regular Sentences
  3. Second Stop: Word Order in Inverted Sentences
  4. Third Stop: Word Order in Elliptical Sentences
  5. Next Stop: Word Order in Prepositional Phrases
  6. Another Stop: Placing Modifiers in a Turkish Sentence
  7. Turning Simple Turkish Sentence Structures into Complex Ones
  8. The Journey isn’t Over Yet!

1. Introduction to Turkish Sentence Structure

Improve Pronunciation

Word order is basically the sequence in which words are placed in a sentence. As I mentioned above, it’s important to learn this because placing words in the wrong order will result in nonsense, ambiguity, confusion, and incorrect sentences.

Now, let’s learn about word order in Turkish grammar!

The typical Turkish word order is SOV (Subject-Object-Verb), which means that the subject comes first, followed by an object, and then a verb. Let’s go over what a subject, object, and verb are:

  • A subject is the person or thing that performs the action.
  • An object is a noun or noun phrase that the verb affects.
  • A verb is a word that represents an action or state.

Here’s an example:

  • Ben Türkçe öğreniyorum. – “I am learning Turkish.”

    Subject    Object   Verb   (SOV)

Hang on to your hat now; I have good news. Turkish word order is more flexible than word order in English! You can put an object or a verb at the beginning of a sentence. The meaning won’t change, but the word you’re stressing will definitely change. 

Here are some examples of how Turkish language word order can vary:

Subject-Object-VerbBen kızımı özlüyorum.“I miss my daughter.”
Subject-Verb-ObjectBen özlüyorum kızımı.“I miss my daughter.”
Object-Subject-VerbKızımı ben özlüyorum.“I miss my daughter.”
Object-Verb-SubjectKızımı özlüyorum ben.“I miss my daughter.”
Verb-Subject-ObjectÖzlüyorum ben kızımı.“I miss my daughter.”
Verb-Object-SubjectÖzlüyorum kızımı ben.“I miss my daughter.”

As you can see, I mixed the word order quite a bit and still expressed the same thing. However, the emphasis is on different words, which are indicated in blue text.

Words on White Cards

There’s one point that I emphasize in almost all of the articles I write, and that is: Turkish personal pronouns are usually not used in sentences. This is because the suffixes at the end of verbs imply the pronoun.

There are different types of sentences in Turkish, based on certain factors. We’ll just take a look at the types according to the sequence of words. These types are:

  • Regular sentences
  • Inverted sentences
  • Elliptical sentences

Now let’s begin dissecting the word order rules in Turkish for regular sentences.

2. First Stop: SOV Word Order in Regular Sentences

In the regular Turkish sentence structure, verbs are placed at the end.

1- Positive Sentences

  •  Yarın alışverişe gideceğim. – “I will go shopping tomorrow.”
  •  Okul bugün başladı. – “The school started today.”
  • Bugün çok hastayım. – “I am very sick today.”

2- Negative Sentences

  • Yarın alışverişe gitmeyeceğim. – “I won’t go shopping tomorrow.”
  • Okul bugün başlamadı. – “The school didn’t start today.”
  •  Bugün hasta değilim. – “I am not sick today.”

3- Imperative Sentences

  • Buraya gel! – “Come here!”
  • Acele et! – “Hurry up!”
  • Çeneni kapa! – “Shut up!”

4- Interrogative Sentences

There are two different types of interrogative sentences:

A- Questions with Question Words

In regular sentences, question words usually come first. However, they can also come right before the verb without changing the meaning. The verb is placed at the end of this type of interrogative sentence. 

  • Ne zaman alışverişe gideceksin? – “When will you go shopping?”

Alışverişe ne zaman gideceksin?

  • Hangi okula başladın? – “Which school did you start?”
  • Neden hastalandın? – “Why did you get sick?”
  • Nereye gideceksin? – “Where will you go?”
  • Bugün ne yapacaksın? – “What will you do today?”

B- Yes-or-No Questions

To create a yes-or-no question, interrogative particles (-mı,-mi, -mu, -mü, and their conjugated forms) are placed at the end, and the verbs come right before them.

  • Yarın alışverişe gidecek misin? – “Will you go shopping tomorrow?”
  • Okul bugün başladı ? – “Did the school start today?”
  • Bugün hasta mısın? – “Are you sick today?”

3. Second Stop: Word Order in Inverted Sentences

Improve Listening

In this case, verbs can be placed anywhere in the sentence, except at the end. 

Inverted sentences are usually used:

  • In daily conversations
  • In poems
  • In proverbs (to make the words rhyme)
  • As short answers to questions

1- Positive Sentences

  • Alışverişe gideceğim yarın. – “I will go shopping tomorrow.”
  • Okul başladı bugün. – “The school started today.”
  • Çok hastayım bugün. – “I am very sick today.”

2- Negative Sentences

  • Alışverişe gitmeyeceğim yarın. – “I won’t go shopping tomorrow.”
  • Bugün başlamadı okul. – “The school didn’t start today.”
  • Hasta değilim bugün. – “I am not sick today.”

3- Imperative Sentences

  • Gel buraya! – “Come here!”
  • Kapa çeneni! – “Shut up!”
  • Çık dışarı! – “Get out!”
Woman Thinking with Question Marks above Her Head

4- Interrogative Sentences

  • Alışverişe gidecek misin yarın? – “Will you go shopping tomorrow?”
  • Bugün başladı mı okul? – “Did the school start today?”
  • Hastalandın mı bugün? – “Did you get sick today?”
  • Ne zaman gideceksin alışverişe? – “When will you go shopping?”
  • Ne yapacaksın bugün? – “What will you do today?”
  • Nerede seyrettin o filmi? – “Where did you watch that movie?”
  • Neden gelmediniz dün? – “Why didn’t you come yesterday?”

4. Third Stop: Word Order in Elliptical Sentences

Sentences that don’t have verbs are called elliptical sentences. As you’ll remember, there aren’t separate words for “is” and “are” in Turkish, but there are suffixes that are added to the nouns. These suffixes give the meaning of the verb “to be.” In noun clauses, if the “to be” verb is skipped, then they become elliptical sentences. There’s also another case in which the verb is omitted and the reader is expected to complete the sentence.

1- Sentences Where the Judgment is Up to the Reader

  • Yepyeni bir başlangıç… – “A brand-new start…”
  • Şahane bir manzara… – “Fantastic scenery…”
  • Akıllıca! – “Reasonable!”

2- Noun Clauses

  • Orası çok uzak. – “That place is too far.”
  • O güzel bir kız. – “She is a beautiful girl.”

3- Coordinating Conjunctions

  • Önce yemek, sonra oynayabilirsin. – “First food, then you can play.”
  • Önce süt, sonra yatmalısın. – “First milk, then you have to go to bed.”
  • Haydi, duşa, sonra da akşam yemeği yiyeceğiz. – “Come on to the shower, and then we will have dinner.”

5. Next Stop: Word Order in Prepositional Phrases

Prepositional phrases give us more details about nouns and verbs in a sentence. Basically, they help us understand a sentence better. They might function as adjectives or adverbs.

Prepositions normally come after a noun in Turkish. For example: Araba [noun] ile [preposition] (“By car”).

A preposition forms a prepositional phrase when it combines with the preceding words or word groups. It becomes a modifier in this case. In Turkish, the modified element is placed at the end. However, in prepositional phrases, it’s a dependent element and is placed at the beginning. This is a situation that doesn’t follow the rules.

For example:

İstanbul’a araba ile gidecekler. – “They will go to Istanbul by car.”

Here are more examples of the word order in Turkish sentences when prepositional phrases are used:

  • Benim için sorun yok. – “No problem for me.”
  • Okula doğru yürüdüm. – “I walked towards school.”
  • Bir çiçek kadar güzelsin. – “You are as beautiful as a flower.”
  • Çocuğun gürültüsüyle uyandı. – “He/she woke up from the noise of the child.” 
  • Ok gibi kirpikleri var. – “He/she has eyelashes like arrows.”
  • Uykusuzluğuna rağmen arabayı kullandı. – “Despite his/her sleeplessness, he/she drove the car.”

1- Adverbs of Manner

If a preposition is grouped with an abstract word, then it becomes an adverb of manner. An adverb of manner is usually placed before the verb, and it expresses how the action is performed.

  • Bana sevinçle sarıldı. – “He/she hugged me happily.” (How did he/she hug?)
  • Soruları hızlıca yanıtladı. – “He/she answered the questions quickly.” (How did he/she answer the questions?)

2- Adverbs of Time

Some of the time-related words become adverbs of time when grouped together with other words. These adverbs are located at the beginning of the sentence, unless the sentence has a subject.

  • Sabaha kadar ders çalıştık. – “We studied until the morning.” (How long did we study?)
  • Akşama doğru vardık. – “We arrived towards the evening.”

3- Adverbs of Place

Adverbs of place are generally placed before the verb. However, unlike adverbs of manner, they can be placed in other parts of a sentence.

  • Beri gel, konuşalım. – “Come near me, so we can talk.”
  • Öğretmen içeri girdi. – “The teacher came inside.”


6. Another Stop: Placing Modifiers in a Turkish Sentence

What is a Modifier?

It’s a word, phrase, or clause that functions as an adjective or adverb. A modifier provides additional information or details about another word or word group for more emphasis, thus changing or clarifying a sentence.

A modifier can also be a group of words that gives more information about a noun to answer the “which” question. Other ones are groups of words that answer the “when,” “where,” “how,” or “why” questions.

A noun can modify another noun by taking place immediately before it:

  • Mutfak masası – “Kitchen table”
  • Trafik lambası – “Traffic light” 

Present participles can modify nouns:

  • Gülümseyen çocuk – “Smiling kid”
  • Koşan adam – “Running man”

Past participles can modify nouns:

  • Yanmış ekmek – “Burnt bread”
  • Sönmüş balon – “Deflated balloon”  

   Demonstrative adjectives:

  • Şu ev – “That house”
  • Bu anahtar – “This key”

In Turkish, modifiers are always used before nouns, except for certain cases when the modifiers come after the pronoun or noun. 

Prepositional phrases: We covered this topic above.

Adjective clauses:

  •  Bahçede basketbol oynayan çocuklar – “Children who are playing basketball in the garden”
  • Sokakta bağıran çocuklar – “Children who are screaming on the street”

Articles: Only the indefinite article bir is used before nouns in Turkish:

  • Bir tren – “A train”
  • Bir ülke – “A country”

There’s no definite article “the” as a separate word in the Turkish language. When definite nouns or pronouns are used as an object, then they take the , -i, -u, or suffixes based on the vowel harmony rules.

Definite nouns as objects:

  • Defter – i aldım. -“I took the notebook.”
  • Atkı – (y)ı yıkadım. – “I washed the scarf.”

Proper nouns as objects:

When proper nouns are used as objects, they also get the , -i, -u, or suffixes based on the vowel harmony rules. Unlike in English, proper nouns can be used with definite articles in Turkish, meaning that they also take suffixes. 

  • Geçen hafta Mary’yi gördüm. – “I saw Mary last week.”
  • James’i özledim. – “I missed James.”

Pronouns as objects:

  • Biz-i unuttunuz. – “You forgot us.”
  • O-nu özledim. – “I missed him/her/it.”

 If a definite noun is used as the subject of a sentence, it does not need the suffixes mentioned above.

  • Annem bana bir kedi aldı, ama kedi kaçtı. – “My mother bought me a cat, but the cat ran away.”

Similarly, when active sentences are transformed into passive ones, the objects that become subjects don’t take the suffixes:

  • Kırmızı bardağı kırdım. – “I broke the red glass.” (Active voice)
  • Kırmızı bardak kırıldı. – “The red glass was broken.” (Passive voice) 

Possessive pronouns:

In Turkish, there aren’t separate words to express possessive pronouns. However, the -m, -ım, -im, -um, and -üm suffixes (in conjugated forms) come after the pronoun to make it possessive.

  • Benim – “My”
  • Onların – “Their”

Possessive pronouns can be ignored because the nouns they’re modifying also take suffixes, which imply the possessive pronoun. However, if you need to emphasize the possessive pronoun for some reason, then you can use it in the sentence.

  • Benim odam çok küçük. – “My room is very small.”
  • Odam çok küçük. – “My room is very small.”
  • Sizin arabanız nerede? – “Where is your car?”
  • Arabanız nerede? – “Where is your car?”

The infinitives can also be used in noun compounds. There are four kinds of infinitives in Turkish:

1. The -mek and -mak infinitives. Ex: gelmek (“to come”) and oynamak “(to play”). These infinitives are not used in noun compounds.

2. The -me and -ma infinitives. Ex: gelme (“to come”) and oynama (“to play”).

  •  Çocuğun ağlaması hepimizi üzdü. – “The child’s crying saddened all of us.”
  • Yemeğin pişmesini bekliyorum. – “I’m waiting for the food to cook.”

3. The -dik, -dık, -dük, -duk, -tik, -tık, -tük, and -tuk infinitives.

  • Kızımın neden ağladığını bilmiyorum. – “I don’t know why my daughter is crying.”
  • Ne istediğini söylemelisin. – “You must say what you want.”

4. The -iş, -ış, -üş, and -uş infinitives. They’re used as subjects or objects in sentences.

  • Onun dönüşünü bekliyorum. – “I’m waiting for him/her to return.”
  • Güneşin batışını seyrediyorum. – “I’m watching the sunset.”

7. Turning Simple Turkish Sentence Structures into Complex Ones

Now that the theory part is over, I’m sure everything will fall into place in this section. I’m about to give you plenty of examples to study and practice with.

I’ll start with a simple Turkish sentence structure and keep adding to it. 

  • Okula gideceğim. (“I will go to school.”)
  • Yarın okula gideceğim. (“I will go to school tomorrow.”)
  • Yarın saat yedide okula gideceğim. (“I will go to school at seven tomorrow.”) 
  • Yarın saat yedide kardeşimle okula gideceğim. (“I will go to school with my sibling at seven tomorrow.”)
  • Yarın saat yedide kardeşimle yürüyerek okula gideceğim. (“I will go to school by foot with my sibling at seven tomorrow.”)
  •  Yarın saat yedide kardeşimle yürüyerek okula mı gideceğim? (“Will I go to school by foot with my sibling at seven tomorrow?”)
  • Yarın saat yedide kardeşimle yürüyerek nereye gideceğim? (“Where will I go by foot with my sibling at seven tomorrow?”) 
  • Yarın saat yedide yürüyerek kimle okula gideceğim? (“With whom will I go to school by foot at seven tomorrow?”)
  • Kahve içtim. (“I drank coffee.”) 
  • Bir fincan kahve içtim. (“I drank a cup of coffee.”) 
  • Bir fincan Türk kahvesi içtim. (“I drank a cup of Turkish coffee.”) 
  • Bir fincan şekersiz Türk kahvesi içtim. (“I drank a cup of Turkish coffee with no sugar.”)
  • Arkadaşımla bir fincan şekersiz Türk kahvesi içtim. (“I drank a cup of Turkish coffee with no sugar with my friend.”) 
  • Bu sabah arkadaşımla bir fincan şekersiz Türk kahvesi içtim. (“This morning,I drank a cup of Turkish coffee with no sugar with my friend.”) 
  • Bu sabah bir kafede arkadaşımla bir fincan şekersiz Türk kahvesi içtim. (“This morning, I drank a cup of Turkish coffee with no sugar at a cafe with my friend.”) 
  • Bu sabah bir kafede arkadaşımla bir fincan şekersiz Türk kahvesi mi içtim? (“Did I drink a cup of Turkish coffee with no sugar at a cafe with my friend?”) 
  • Bu sabah arkadaşımla nerede bir fincan şekersiz Türk kahvesi içtim? (“Where did I drink a cup of Turkish coffee with no sugar with my friend?”)
Turkish Coffee
  • Onun dönüşünü kutladık. (“We celebrated his/her return.”) 
  • Dün gece onun dönüşünü kutladık. (“Last night, we celebrated his/her return.”) 
  • Dün gece bir restoranda onun dönüşünü kutladık. (“Last night, we celebrated his/her return at a restaurant.”) 
  • Dün gece bir restoranda arkadaşlarımızla onun dönüşünü kutladık. (“Last night, we celebrated his/her return at a restaurant with our friends.”) 
  • Dün gece bir restoranda arkadaşlarımızla onun dönüşünü coşkuyla kutladık. (“Last night, we celebrated his/her return with joy with our friends at a restaurant.”) 
  • Dün gece bir restoranda arkadaşlarımızla onun dönüşünü coşkuyla mı kutladık? (“Did we celebrate his/her return with joy with our friends at a restaurant last night?”) 
  • Dün gece bir restoranda arkadaşlarımızla neyi coşkuyla kutladık? (“What did we celebrate with joy with our friends at a restaurant last night?”)

8. The Journey isn’t Over Yet!

Do you feel better about Turkish word order and sentence structure now, after seeing how flexible they are compared to English? Do you think the journey ends here with this article? 

Of course not! 

Now it’s time for you to practice making more complex sentences. I highly recommend that you visit to use our free resources as well as our Premium PLUS service, MyTeacher, upon upgrading.  

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Please note that your feedback about your experience with TurkishClass101 will be greatly appreciated, as always.

Happy learning!

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Ultimate Guide to Talking about Time in Turkish


Time is a significant part of our lives. Whether you’re a tourist, a non-native student, a businessman/businesswoman, or a resident in Turkey, you’ll need to talk about time in Turkish at some point. This is inevitable because our entire life revolves around time.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Time Phrases in Turkish Table of Contents
  1. Time Format Used in Turkey
  2. How to Ask the Time in Turkish
  3. Time Past the Hour
  4. Time Half Past the Hour
  5. Time to the Hour
  6. More Time-Related Words
  7. Time Proverbs and Sayings about Time in Turkish
  8. Conclusion: How TurkishClass101 Can Help You Master Turkish

1. Time Format Used in Turkey


You need to learn about the time format used in Turkey before learning how to say “What time is it?” in Turkish, don’t you? 

Actually, Turkey uses both the twelve-hour clock and the twenty-four-hour clock (military time). In daily life, when having informal conversations, people use the twelve-hour clock. However, the following words are added to clarify whether the mentioned time is a.m. or p.m. in Turkish:

  • Sabah – “Morning”
  • Öğleden sonra – “Afternoon”
  • Akşam – “Evening”
  • Gece – “Night”

Later, after we explain how to say “What time is it?” in Turkish, we’ll give you some examples of how exactly these words are used in context.

Turkey uses the twenty-four-hour clock system as well. However, it’s mostly used by airlines, transportation companies, press, and the media. In other words, this format is typically preferred in formal situations.

2. How to Ask the Time in Turkish

You definitely need to know how to ask about time in Turkish when:

–       using any means of transportation

–       traveling

–       you have a business meeting

–       you have a class or an exam

–       you’re in a race or any other kind of sports activity

–       you have a reservation or an appointment in Turkey

Man Checking Watch at Airport

Of course, there may also be other cases where you need to ask “What is the time?” in Turkish.

Are you ready to ask the time in the Turkish language? If yes, let’s start!

  • Saat – “Hour” or “Clock”
  • Kaç – “How many?”
  • Saat kaç? – “What time is it?” (Informal way of asking)
  • Saatiniz kaç? – “What time is it?” (Formal way of asking)
  • Afedersiniz saat kaç acaba? – “Excuse me; I wonder what time it is.” (Formal and more polite)

Undoubtedly, you also need to know the numbers to be able to tell the time in Turkish. Once you’ve gone over our number resource, check out this quick breakdown of how telling time in Turkish works:

  • Saat dört.      – “It is four o’clock.”
  • Saat dokuz.   – “It is nine o’clock.”
  • Saat on bir.  – “It is eleven o’clock.”

Now, let’s try to use the words mentioned above to refer to a.m. and p.m. in Turkish:

  • Sabah beş – “Five a.m.” (Five in the morning)
  • Öğleden sonra iki – “Two p.m.” (Two in the afternoon)
  • Akşam yedi – “Seven p.m.” (Seven in the evening)
  • Gece iki – “Two a.m.” (Two in the morning—in Turkish, it’s two at night)

For better understanding, here are some complete sentences using these words:

  • Sabah beşten beri ayaktayım. – “I’ve been up since five a.m. (five in the morning).”
  • Öğleden sonra ikide gideceğim. – “I will go at two p.m. (two in the afternoon.”
  • Eşim akşam yedide gelecek. – “My husband will come at seven p.m. (seven in the evening).”
  • Gece ikide yattım. – “I went to bed at two a.m. (two in the morning).”

3. Time Past the Hour

Improve Listening

When you want to talk about the time past the hour, such as “five past nine,” you say the hour first, followed by a suffix.

–   If the hour ends with a vowel, then it takes a buffer, -y, then a suffix, either or -i.

–   If the hour ends with a consonant, then it takes one of the following suffixes based on the Turkish vowel harmony rules:

-i, -ı, -u, or.

Then you can add the minutes followed by the word “past.” Unlike English, in Turkish, the past form of the verb “to pass” isn’t used; the present continuous form of the verb is used.

Here are some examples to help this make more sense:

  • Saat onu beş geçiyor. – “It’s five past ten.” (suffix -u is used)
  • Saat yediyi yirmi geçiyor. – “It’s twenty past seven.” (buffer -y and suffix -i are used)
  • Geçmek – “To pass”
  • Geçiyor – “Passing”

1- Quarter past

When you want to say “quarter past,” the same rules apply, except that çeyrek (“quarter”) is used where the minutes are placed. Here are a couple of examples:

  • Saat onbiri çeyrek geçiyor.  – “It’s a quarter past eleven.” (suffix -i is used)
  • Saat altıyı çeyrek geçiyor.     – “It’s a quarter past six.” (buffer -y and suffix are used)

4. Time Half Past the Hour

Basic Questions

Saying “half past the hour” in Turkish is as simple as saying the whole hour because you don’t need to worry about a buffer or a suffix. You just need to add the word for “half,” after saying the hour. This is how to say it:

  • Saat iki buçuk. – “It’s half past two.”
  • Saat on buçuk. – “It’s half past ten.”
  • Buçuk – “Half”

However, there’s one more thing about “half past the hour” you need to know. If you want to say “half past twelve,” then there’s one more way of expressing it in Turkish, which is more common than the way mentioned above.

  • Saat yarım. – “It’s half past twelve.”
  • Yarım – “Half”

5. Time to the Hour

To tell the time to the hour, the hour comes first, followed by:

  • The buffer, -y, then a suffix, either -e or -a, if the hour ends with a vowel.
  • A suffix, either -e or -a, if the hour ends with a consonant.

Then add the minute and the word that corresponds to “to.”

  • Saat yediye on var. – “It’s ten to seven.” (buffer -y and suffix -e are used)
  • Saat dokuza beş var. – “It’s five to nine.” (suffix -a is used)
  • Var – “There is/there are” (used for “to”)

1- Quarter to

When you want to say “quarter to,” the above rules apply, except that çeyrek (“quarter”) is used where the minutes are placed. Here are a couple of examples for you:

  • Saat on ikiye çeyrek var. – “It’s a quarter to twelve.” (buffer -y and suffix -e are used)
  • Saat üçe çeyrek var. – “It’s a quarter to three.” (suffix -e is used)

6. More Time-Related Words

Now that we’ve covered how to tell time in Turkish, let’s go over other words related to time in the Turkish language.

Now, Tomorrow, and Yesterday on Signs
  • Zaman/vakit – “Time”
  • Dakika – “Minute”
  • Saniye – “Second”
  • Öğlen – “Noon”
  • Gece yarısı – “Midnight”
  • Şimdi – “Now”
  • Bugün – “Today”
  • Dün – “Yesterday”
  • Yarın – “Tomorrow”
  • Gün – “Day”
  • Hafta – “Week”
  • Ay – “Month”
  • Yıl – “Year”
  • Asır/yüzyıl – “Century”
  • Önce – “Before” / “Ago”
  • Sonra – “After”
  • Hemen şimdi – “Right now”
  • Şu an/şu anda – “Currently”
  • Aynı zamanda – “At the same time”
  • Mümkün olan en kısa zamanda – “As soon as possible”
  • Yakında – “Soon”
  • Uzun zamandır – “For a long time”
  • Birazdan – “In a little while”

Let’s use some of these time-related words in sentences:

  • O, beş dakika önce buradaydı. – “She/he was here five minutes ago.”
  • Toplantıdan önce kahve içtim. – “I drank coffee before the meeting.”
  • Dersten sonra konsere gideceğim. – “I will go to the concert after the class.”
  • Bugün okula gitmeyeceğim. – “I won’t go to school today.”
  • Bu yıl İtalya’ya gideceğim. – “I will go to Italy this year.”
  • Şu an çalışmıyorum. – “Currently, I am not working.”
  • Yakında orada olacağım. – “I will be there soon.”
  • Onu hemen şimdi arıyorum. – “I am calling her/him right now.”
  • Seni uzun zamandır görmedim. – “I haven’t seen you for a long time.”
  • Mümkün olan en kısa zamanda geleceğim. – “I will come as soon as possible.”

Months and days are also related to time. However, we won’t cover them in this article. You can learn the Turkish words for them by reading our article named How to Read Dates.

13th of the Month

You can also check our dictionary if you need to look up other words.

7. Time Proverbs and Sayings about Time in Turkish

Like all other languages, there are proverbs and sayings about time in Turkish as well. You have the answer to the question “How do you say what time is it in Turkish?”, so now it’s time to meet these commonly used Turkish time expressions:

  • Vakit nakittir. – “Time is money.” (It means that wasting time or delaying something costs money.)
  • Zaman uçup gider. – “Time flies.” (It means time passes amazingly quickly.)
  • Zaman herşeyin ilacıdır. – “Time heals all wounds.” (It means that as the time passes, disappointments and heartaches go away gradually.)
  • Zaman geçmek bilmiyor. – “Time hangs heavy on hands.” (It means that time seems to pass slowly.)
  • Nefes alacak zamanım yok. – “I don’t have time to catch my breath.” (It means “I am very busy.”)
  • Başımı kaşıyacak vaktim yok. – “I don’t have time to catch my breath.” (It also means “I am very 
  • busy.” Both this expression and the one above can be used interchangeably.)

Which of these time expressions in Turkish is your favorite, and why? 

8. Conclusion: How TurkishClass101 Can Help You Master Turkish

As you can see, it’s not that complicated to learn to say “What is the time?” in Turkish or to answer the question yourself.  As long as you learn the rules explained above, you can easily tell the time in Turkish. Of course, practicing as much as possible will facilitate the learning process for you.

Cursor Near Web Address

We think learning about time for Turkish beginners is easy now!  Do you know why? Please check out our website and see for yourself how simple the learning process can be with TurkishClass101! 

But before you go, let us know in the comments how you feel about telling time in Turkish. More comfortable, or is there still something you’re having a hard time with? We look forward to hearing from you! 

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Best Guide on Asking for Directions in Turkish – 2019 Review


Nowadays, nearly everyone has a GPS or some sort of navigation app. But it’s still important to know how to ask for directions in Turkish because locals can give you valuable information about shortcuts that could save you time. Plus, it’s a good excuse for small talk and practicing speaking in the target language. Not to mention the fact that you can’t always rely on having a good internet connection or GPS signal! You may end up relying on your directions in Turkish vocabulary more often than you think…and directions in Turkish lessons like this one are a great place to start.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Around Town in Turkish Table of Contents
  1. Basic Question Form: “….. Nerede?”
  2. Cardinal Directions in Turkish
  3. Major City Directions in Turkish
  4. Getting Places – How to Ask and Give Directions in Turkish
  5. Most Common Turkish Directions – How to Understand Them
  6. Asking for Directions in Turkish on the Street – Urban Terminology
  7. Points of Reference for Giving Directions in Turkish
  8. Dialogue Playouts
  9. How to Thank Someone for Giving Directions in Turkish Words
  10. The Not-So-Helpful Direction-Giver
  11. Continue to Learn About Directions in Turkish

1. Basic Question Form: “….. Nerede?”

Person Giving Tourist Directions

Turkish is a straightforward, easy-to-learn language. Grammatically, it’s very consistent, meaning you don’t need to worry about irregularities in the language. Learning about basic directions in the Turkish language is a cinch.

The first phrase you need to know is: “(location) nerede? meaning “Where is [location]?”

It’s that easy. Just add any place you need to find before the word nerede and you’re good to go, literally!

Here are some examples:

  • (Basic sentence) 

Kapalıçarşı nerede? 

“Where is Kapalıçarşı – the Grand Bazaar?”

  • (Advanced/polite sentence) 

Pardon, Kapalıçarşı nerede, acaba? 

“Pardon me, where is Kapalıçarşı?”

As you can see, adding a pardon or “pardon me” to the beginning of a sentence, and ending with an acaba meaning “I wonder,” will make you sound polite.

2. Cardinal Directions in Turkish

Cardinal Directions

Let’s start with how to say “map” in Turkish. Harita (literally meaning “map” when translated) can be used to refer to traditional printed maps as well as digital ones. The English word “navigation” has been adapted into Turkish as navigasyon. “Application/app” can be used in Turkish, as well as the Turkish word for it which is uygulama. Most people will understand the English terms used for such technology. A “navigation app” would be navigasyon app or navigasyon uygulamasi.

Although Turkish people don’t readily refer to cardinal directions, it’s still good to know them just in case. Turks usually refer to places according to their proximity to other places: forty minutes after you pass a certain city, or five minutes down the road. Words used for direction in the Turkish language are usually related to position rather than geographical direction. 

Here are the basic cardinal directions in Turkish:

  • Kuzey  “North”
  • Güney  “South”
  • Batı      “West”
  • Doğu    “East”

1- Where is Turkey on the Map?

Map of Turkey

Before we go any further, let’s talk a bit about the location of Turkey and its most popular cities, to get a sense of direction from the start. Turkey is located between Asia and Europe, and it’s referred to as Asia Minor. To its north is the Black Sea and to its south is the Medditerranean. The Aegean lies on its western coast, while the east and southeastern parts of Turkey share borders with Syria, Iran, Iraq, and Russia.

There are seven regions in Turkey which are named by their geographical location. Here, we’ve also listed some major cities found within these regions: 

  1. The Marmara Region (İstanbul; Edirne)
  2. Aegean Region (İzmir; Efes; Muğla)
  3. Mediterranean (Antalya; Kaş; Kemer)
  4. Black Sea Region (Sinop; Trabzon; Rize)
  5. Central Anatolia Region (Ankara; Eskişehir; Kayseri)
  6. Eastern Anatolia Region (Erzurum; Erzincan; Ağrı)
  7. Southeastern Anatolia Region (Diyarbakır; Gaziantep; Urfa)

You may want to ask which region a city is in. There are plenty of tourist attractions in each one of these regions, although the Marmara Region and the coastal Aegean and Meditteranean regions are the most popular. If you’re curious, you can also learn more about the geographical regions of Turkey.

Mount Ararat – Example of Landmarks in the Eastern Region

2- Talking about Directions on a Map

İzmir is in the western part of Turkey; Turkey is to the east of Greece; Kuşadası is on the southern side of İzmir.

 So, for example, to ask if Antalya is in the northern or southern part of Turkey, you would say:

Antalya nerede? Kuzeyde mi, güneyde mi? meaning “Where is Antalya? In the North or South?”


İzmir nerede? Türkiye’nin batısında mı? meaning  “Where is Izmir? Is it in the western part of Turkey?”

3- Combinations of Cardinal Directions in Turkish 

When someone’s giving directions in Turkish, phrases involving a combination of cardinal directions may come up. Here are some examples of things you may hear:

  • Kuzeydoğu (northeast)  

Çanakkale Türkiye’nin kuzeydoğusundadır. 

“Çanakkale is in the northeastern part of Turkey.”

  • Güneydoğu (southeast)

Adana Türkiye’nin güneydoğusundadır.   

“Adana is in the southeastern part of Turkey.”

  • Güneybatı (southwest)

Manisa Türkiye’nin güneybatısındadır.    

“Manisa is in the southwestern part of Turkey.”

  • Kuzeybatı  (northwest)

Şile Türkiye’nin kuzeybatısındadır.          

“Sile is in the northwestern part of Turkey.”

3. Major City Directions in Turkish


Let’s do a little exercise. Ankara, Antalya, and Istanbul are some of the major cities and centers of interest for tourists. See if you can figure out which of the three cities mentioned above is being described in these sentences. The answers are at the end of the article, but don’t scroll down yet!

1. Türkiye’nin güneyinde bir şehirdir. “This is a city in the south of Turkey.”

2. Türkiye’nin batısındadır.                 “It is in the western part.”

3. Türkiye’nin ortasındadır.                 “It is in the central part of Turkey.”


4. Getting Places – How to Ask and Give Directions in Turkish

Train Routes

Most likely, you won’t have your personal car with you on vacation. You’ll either be taken around in a tour bus or left to your own devices, such as walking and/or public transport. Here are some examples of how to ask the best way to get somewhere. After all, why learn Turkish directions if you don’t know how to apply them?

Notice that, especially in large metropolitan cities like Istanbul, there may be more than one way to get somewhere (for example, by metro, ferry, or bus).

1-  How to Get to Ephesus

Image of Ephesus for Dialogue Playout

A family on tour would like to visit Ephesus while they’re in the Aegean region. But they don’t have enough time to take the “Blue Cruise” tour. They just want to go directly to Ephesus by land. The lady takes matters into her own hands and asks the hotel manager for directions:


Affedersiniz…Biz Efes’e gitmek istiyoruz. 

“Excuse me…we want to go to Ephesus.”


Tabii, hemen Mavi tura yazdıralim sizi. 

“Of course, let’s sign you up for the Blue Cruise right away.”


Hayır, hayır. O kadar zamanımız yok. Karadan nasıl gideriz? 

“No, no. We don’t have that much time. How can we get there by land?”


Tabii, anlatayım…Önce bir taksi tutup gara gidin. Oradan Efes yazan otobüslerden birine binin. 

“Of course, I can direct you…firstly, take a taxi cab to the terminal. Get on a bus that has Ephesus written on it.”





Son durakta inin. Orada bir park olacak, onun arkasında hemen. 

“Get off at the last stop. There is a park there, it is right behind that.”


Teşekkür ederim. 

Thank you.”

5. Most Common Turkish Directions – How to Understand Them


If a Turkish person starts giving you directions, make sure to follow his/her hand gestures along with the words. Like most Mediteranean people, the Turks rely a lot on hand movements to convey a message. It might help you keep the directions in your mind if you see the route played out, too.

In addition to the phrases above, keep in mind the landmarks and common places we covered earlier. Better still, have these written down as you’ll probably hear these phrases a lot. A little pocket dictionary will also come in handy.

6. Asking for Directions in Turkish on the Street – Urban Terminology

Asking for Directions

While in Turkey, whether you’re visiting or staying for a longer time, you most likely won’t need a car. Public transport is common in Turkey, and busses and ferries are usually crowded.

As a pedestrian, you’ll need to know some basic urban terminology, such as the Turkish word for traffic light (trafik lambası), pedestrian crossing (yaya geçidi), newsstand (büfe)…etc. Here are some samples with dialogue you’re likely to hear from day-to-day.

  • Pardon, yaya geçidi nerede acaba?  

“Pardon me, where is the pedestrian crossing, I wonder?”

  • Büfe nerede?  

“Where is the newsstand?”

  • Trafik lambası nerede?

“Where are the traffic lights?”

7. Points of Reference for Giving Directions in Turkish

Because Turkish people will often give you directions in reference to another place or landmark, it will be helpful to know a few of these commonly used phrases. Here are some words used while giving directions, with some samples of these phrases used in sentences along wıth location words:

  • arkasında “Behind” in Turkish
  • önünde “In front of” in Turkish
  • sağda “To the right” in Turkish
  • solda “To the left” in Turkish
  • köşede “At the corner” in Turkish
  • Durak (bus stop)

Duraktan sonra sağa dön

“Turn right after the bus stop.”

  • Bina (building)

Binanın arkasında. 

“Behind the building.”

  • İstasyon (train station)

İstasyonun karşısında. 

“Across from the train station.”

  • Banka (bank)

Bankanın önünde

“In front of the bank.”

  • Park (park)

Parkın içinden geç, sola dön

“Go through the park, then turn left.”

  • Meydan (city square)

Meydanın öbür tarafında. 

“On the other side of the city square.”

  • Belediye binası (city municipal)

Belediye binasını geç, üçüncü bina.

“It’s the third building after you pass the city municipal building.”

  • Postane (post office)

Postane hemen köşede. 

“The post office is right on the corner.”

8. Dialogue Playouts

1- By foot: 


Pardon, Ayasofya’ya nasıl giderim?  

“How can I get to Hagia Sophia?”

Man on street: 

Düz git, sonra sola dön.  

“Go straight, then turn left.”

2- By bus: 


Affedersiniz, Efes’e nasıl giderim? 

“Excuse me, how can I get to Ephesus?”

Local lady: 

510 numaralı otobüse bin. Meydanda in. Kaçırmazsın. 

“Get on the 510. Get off at the square. You can’t miss it.”

3- Multiple transportation: 


Bakar mısınız? Buradan İzmir’e nasıl giderim? 

“Could I have your attention / Excuse me? How do I get to Izmir from here?”

Man at ticket booth: 

670 numarali otobüse bin. Limanda in. Oradan İzmir yazan bir vapura bin. 

“Get on the 670. Get off at the pier. Get on a ferry that has İzmir written on it.”

9. How to Thank Someone for Giving Directions in Turkish Words

Basic Questions

A general teşekkür ederim meaning “thank you”  is sufficient. But if you would like to add a “you have been very helpful” or “thanks for the information,” here are some phrases you can use: 

  • Yardımlarınız için teşekkür ederim!

“Thanks for the help!”

  • Çok yardımcı oldunuz!

“You have been very helpful!”

  • Çok sağ olun./ Çok teşekkür ederim. 

“Thank you very much.”

Body language: You can press your hand (open) against your heart to symbolize a heartfelt thank you or express your gratitude. Eyvallah is another traditional way to say a heartfelt thank you. It means 

“I thank God first, then you.”

10. The Not-So-Helpful Direction-Giver

Hand Pointing

Turkish people (especially males) are addicted to giving directions. This may seem like a plus, but beware of the extra-enthusiastic or not-so-sure individuals. They’ll usually make up a route just to seem helpful, or they’ll give you too many details about how you can avoid the bridge traffic (Bosphorus bridge) and reach your destination in miraculous time. These are all well-intended suggestions (for sure); just use your best judgement when in doubt. Thank them and ask someone else for a second opinion!

11. Continue to Learn About Directions in Turkish

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Turkey is a lovely place to visit. Make sure you know how to get from A to B before you venture out. 

Why not learn a few phrases to make your holiday a more enjoyable and well-planned one? Visit 

TurkishClass101 for more direction words and phrases to use on your visit. Keep up the good work!
Before you go, let us know in the comments how confident you feel about directions in Turkish now! Is there anything you’re still having a hard time with in your directions in Turkish language-learning? We look forward to hearing from you!  

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Guide to the 100+ Turkish Nouns You Need to Know


What are Turkish nouns? Well, words used to define living things, non-living things, and concepts, are called nouns. Here comes your first Turkish noun:

“Ad” / “isim” – “Noun”

Unlike in some languages, in Turkish grammar, nouns don’t have gender. In other words, a Turkish noun isn’t categorized as feminine or masculine.

Nouns in Turkish grammar are classified as follows:

  1. According to the way they are given:
    1. Proper nouns
    2. Common nouns
  2. According to the composition of the names:
    1. Abstract nouns
    2. Concrete nouns
  3. According to the number:
    1. Singular nouns
    2. Plural nouns
    3. Collective nouns
  4. According to the structure
    1. Simple nouns
    2. Nouns derived from other nouns
    3. Compound nouns

You can find more information on this, and more Turkish vocabulary, on Wikipedia. Of course, also provides many practical and fun lessons for you! 

There are definite nouns in Turkish, as well as indefinite nouns. Definite nouns in Turkish are used in possessive constructions.

Further, Turkish doesn’t use any articles. Therefore, definite nouns in Turkish are indicated by accusative case suffixes. On the other hand, the absolute form is used for indefinite nouns in Turkish. 

Both definite nouns in Turkish and indefinite nouns in Turkish are covered on our website on, in detail.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Turkish Table of Contents
  1. Nouns Related to Transportation and Time
  2. Turkish Nouns for Food, Utensils, and Tableware
  3. Nouns about Occupations
  4. Nouns Related to Family Members
  5. Nouns about Appliances
  6. Technology-Related Nouns
  7. School-Related Nouns
  8. Nouns Related to Body Parts
  9. Conclusion

1- Nouns Related to Transportation and Time

At the airport

Let’s assume that you’re traveling to Turkey. When you arrive at the airport there, you might need to use basic nouns in Turkish to meet some of your conversation requirements.

1- Time

Due to the time difference, you may be confused about the time and date. In this case, you may need to ask:

Bugün Pazartesi mi?

“Is today Monday?”

Saat kaç?

“What time is it?”

Someone can answer those questions as follows:

Hayır, dün Pazartesi idi. Bugün Salı. 

“No, yesterday was Monday. Today is Tuesday.”

Saat 5’i 10 geçiyor.

“It’s 10 after 5.”

You can have other conversations about time as well:

Yarın Ankara’ya uçacağım.

“I will be flying to Ankara tomorrow.”

2 saat 45 dakika içinde başka bir uçuşum var. 

“I have another flight in two hours and forty-five minutes.”

Here are some other time-related nouns in Turkish that you can use:

–          Pazartesi     –  “Monday”

–          Salı               – “Tuesday”

–          Çarşamba    – “Wednesday”

–          Perşembe   – “Thursday”

–          Cuma           – “Friday”   

–          Cumartesi    –  “Saturday”

–          Pazar           – “Sunday”

–          Gün              – “Day”

–          Hafta           – “Week”

–          Ay                – “Month”

–          Yıl            – “Year”

–          Saat             – “Hour”

–          Dakika         – “Minute”

–          Dün              – “Yesterday”

–          Bugün          – “Today”

–          Yarın            – “Tomorrow”

Don’t miss out on our article about words that define time in Turkish.

Furthermore, you can learn more Turkish adjectives and nouns on

2- Transportation

Common Nouns

Here are some sentences about transportation using basic nouns in Turkish:

Uçak – “Airplane”

Bu uçak çok büyük.

“This airplane is very big.”

Havaalanı – “Airport”

Bu havaalanı çok küçük.

“This airport is very small.”

Tren istasyonu – “Train station” & Tren – “Train”

Tren istasyonu nerede? İlk trene yetişmem lazım. 

“Where is the train station? I have to catch the first train.”

Bisiklet – “Bicycle”

Buradan bisiklet kiralayabilir miyim?

“Can I rent a bike here?”

Here’s are some more Turkish nouns you can use when talking about transportation:

–          Metro – “Subway”

–          Otobüs – “Bus”

–          Taksi – “Taxi”

–          Otobüs durağı – “Bus stop”

–          Trafik ışıkları – “Traffic lights”

–          Yol – “Road”

–          Araba – “Car”

2- Turkish Nouns for Food, Utensils, and Tableware

Ordering at a restaurant

Let’s say you’re hungry and decide to eat at a restaurant at the airport before getting on your next flight within Turkey.  Following are some popular Turkish nouns you can use when you’re eating at a restaurant.

Masa – “Table”

Bu masa boş mu?

“Is this table available?”

Menü – “Menu”

Menüyü alabilir miyim?

“Can I have the menu?”

Kase – “Bowl” / Tavuk – “Chicken” / Sebze – “Vegetable”

Bir kase çorba, tavuk ve yanına da biraz sebze istiyorum. 

“I’d like a bowl of soup, chicken, and some vegetables on the side.”

Su – “Water” / Bira – “Beer” / Şarap – “Wine”

Su mu, bira mı, şarap mı istersiniz?

“Would you like water, beer, or wine?”

Çatal – “Fork”/ Bıçak – “Knife”

Bir çatal ve bıçak alabilir miyim lütfen?

“May I get a fork and a knife, please?”

Türk kahvesi – “Turkish coffee” / Çay – “Tea”

Türk kahvesi veya çay ister miydiniz?

“Would you like Turkish coffee or tea?”

You can check out our website to learn more about the Turkish terms used at a restaurant and Turkish nouns for food, utensils, and tableware.

3- Nouns about Occupations

Nouns 2

Now that you’re on the plane, you might want to have a small conversation with the Turkish man sitting next to you. You can start with a sincere:



Then you can introduce yourself and talk about your occupation, and ask about his.

Doktor – “Doctor” / Meslek – “Occupation”

Ben doktorum. Sizin mesleğiniz nedir?

“I’m a doctor. What is your occupation?”

Avukat – “Lawyer” / Hemşire – “Nurse”

Ben avukatım ama eşim hemşire.

“I’m a lawyer, but my wife is a nurse.”

Here’s a Turkish nouns list for other occupations:

–          Mühendis   –       “Engineer”

–          Öğretmen    –       “Teacher”

–          İş adamı      –       “Businessman”

–          İş kadını       –       “Businesswoman”

–          Yönetici       –       “Manager”

–          Mimar         –       “Architect”

Please check out  our article about jobs for more information on finding a job in Turkey, and what to expect while working there.

4- Nouns Related to Family Members

Here’s a Turkish nouns list you can use to introduce your family:

  • Aile              –       “Family”
  • Eş                 –       “Spouse”
  • Kız evlat       –       “Daughter”
  • Erkek evlat  –       “Son”
  • Anne            –       “Mom”
  • Baba            –       “Dad”
  • Ebeveyn       –       “Parent”
  • Kuzen           –       “Cousin”
  • Çocuk           –       “Child”

For even more of the most common nouns in Turkish used for family, check out our article about family members!

Of course, you can broaden your vocabulary for family members as well, using our free vocabulary list.

5- Nouns about Appliances

Nouns 3

After a tiring trip, you’re finally at the hotel. You might have some questions about some of the appliances.

Klima – “Air conditioner”

Klimayı açmama yardımcı olabilir misiniz lütfen?   

“Can you help me turn on the air conditioner, please?”

Buzdolabı –”Fridge”

Buzdolabı çalışmıyor. 

“The fridge doesn’t work.”

Mikrodalga fırın – “Microwave”

Odada mikrodalga fırın yok.

“There is no microwave in the room.”

Saç kurutma makinesi – “Hair dryer”

Bana başka bir saç kurutma makinesi gönderebilir misiniz lütfen?

“Can you send me another hair dryer, please?”

Televizyon – “TV”

Televizyon çalışmıyor.

“The TV is not working.”

Çamaşır makinesi – “Washer” / Kurutucu – “Dryer”

Yakında bir çamaşır makinesi ve kurutucu var mı?

“Is there a washer and a dryer nearby?”

Fan; havalandırma – “Fan”

Banyodaki fan çalışmıyor. 

“The fan in the bathroom is not working.”

Please refer to the following link for even more of the most common nouns in Turkish related to appliances.

6- Technology-Related Nouns

After a good night’s rest, you have a meeting with a colleague the next day. You’re in a conference room, and, of course, you might need to use some nouns in Turkish related to technology. Here you go:

Wi-Fi –”Wi-Fi”

Bu konferans salonunda Wi-Fi var mı?

“Is there Wi-Fi in this conference room?”

Şarj aleti – “Charger” / Cep telefonu – “Cell phone”

Şarj aletimi evrak çantamdan alıp cep telefonumu şarj etmeme izin verin. 

“Let me take my charger from my briefcase and charge my cell phone.”

Tablet – “Tablet” / Dizüstü bilgisayar – “Laptop”

Tabletimi otelde unuttum ama dizüstü bilgisayarım yanımda.

“I forgot my tablet at the hotel, but I have my laptop with me.”

Bilgisayar  – “Computer”

Oo, odada bir bilgisayar da var.

“Oh, here is also a computer in the room.”

Dosya – “File”

Size göstermek istediğim dosya bu.

“This is the file I want to show you.”

Şifre – “Password”

İlk önce şifremi girmeme izin verin.

“Let me enter my password first.”

Resim – “Picture” / Web sitesi – “Website”

Resmi size web sitesinden göstereceğim.

“I will show you the picture from the website.”

You can go to to learn more nouns about technology.

7- School-Related Nouns

You’re invited over to your colleague’s house for dinner.

You like children, and you have your own kids. You’d like to have a conversation with your colleague’s kid. Here are some basic nouns in Turkish related to school.

–          Lise                    –          “High school”

–          Ortaokul          –          “Middle school”

–          İlkokul               –          “Elementary school”

–          Ödev                 –          “Homework”

–          Öğretmen       –          “Teacher”

–          Sınav                 –          “Exam”

–          Kitap                  –          “Book”

–          Proje                 –          “Project”

–          Defter              –          “Notebook”

–          Kalem               –          “Pen” or “Pencil”

School related nouns

Here’s an example of a conversation you can carry out with your colleague’s child about school using these nouns:

A: Liseye mi gidiyorsun?

A: “Are you going to high school?”

B: Evet, liseye gidiyorum.

B: “Yes, I’m going to high school.”

A: Kızım ortaokula gidiyor, oğlum da ilkokula gidiyor. Ödevini bitirdin mi?

A: “My daughter goes to middle school and my son goes to elementary school. Have you completed your homework?”

B: Öğretmenim çok ödev veriyor ama ben bitirdim.

B: “My teacher gives a lot of homework, but I completed it.”

A: O zaman ne yapıyorsun?

A: “What are you doing then?”

B: Yarın sınavım var ama projem ile ilgili kitap okuyorum.

B: “I have an exam tomorrow, but I’m reading a book about my project.”

A: Projen ne hakkında?

A: “What is your project about?”

B: Projem insan vücudu hakkında. 

B: “My project is about body parts.”

Guess what? Here’s an opportunity for you to learn body parts in Turkish.

8- Nouns Related to Body Parts

Body parts

A: Oo, bana Türkçe vücud organlarını öğretebilir misin?

A: “Oh, can you teach me body parts in Turkish?”

B: Tabi ki.

B: “Sure.”

A: Bana bir defter ve kalem verebilir misin? Not almak istiyorum.

A: “Can you give me a notebook and a pen? I want to take notes.”

B: Tabi. İşte burada. Kelimeler şöyle:

B: “Sure. Here you go. The words are as follows:”

–          Vücut           –       “Body”

–          Baş; kafa     –       “Head”

–          Omuz           –       “Shoulder”

–          Kol              –       “Arm”

–          El                 –       “Hand”

–          Bacak           –       “Leg”

–          Ayak             –       “Foot”

–          Yüz               –       “Face”

–          Göz             –       “Eye”

–          Burun          –       “Nose”

–          Ağız             –       “Mouth”

–          Kulak           –       “Ear”

–          Parmak       –       “Finger”

9. Conclusion

Nouns 4

We hope you had a nice trip and were able to use your Turkish, and learn some new Turkish nouns. Are you interested in learning even more about nouns in Turkish so that you can express yourself better? Our Turkish dictionary is a great place to find more words for your Turkish nouns vocabulary bank! 

Know that your hard work will pay off, and you’ll be speaking, reading, and writing Turkish like a native before you know it!

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Learn the Top Turkish Compliments for Any Situation


Compliments! Tell me who doesn’t like compliments. I believe that even those who say they don’t like compliments enjoy them deep inside.

Complimenting is a very human thing, and it can be done anywhere, anytime. However, you need to be very careful about it if you’re not a native speaker and you’re complimenting someone whose culture you’re not familiar with. You wouldn’t want to be embarrassed or hit with a purse, would you?

In this article, we’ll talk about how to compliment in Turkish, as well as when you should avoid complimenting. With the Turkish compliments in this article, you can bring a smile to anyone’s face!

Let’s start with the basics:

“Compliment”                                         – İltifat; kompliman; övgü

“Compliments” (plural)                          – İltifatlar; komplimanlar; övgüler

“Compliments” (as a separate word)      – Selamlar; saygılar; tebrikler

Now that you’ve learned the most important words related to compliments, it’s time to learn the top Turkish compliments you can use for different occasions to express your gratitude, appreciation, admiration, and likes.

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Table of Contents

  1. Compliments on Someone’s Look and Character
  2. Praising Someone at Work
  3. Kudos in Social Life
  4. When and Where to Avoid Complimenting
  5. What’s Expected After a Compliment
  6. You Will Do Great!

1. Compliments on Someone’s Look and Character

In this section, we’ll talk about Turkish compliments you can use for someone’s physical appearance or his/her character.

1- Physical Characteristics

You’re fascinated with a Turkish woman’s beauty, and you would like to express your feelings. Here are some Turkish compliments for girls that you can use:

Turkish (Formal) Turkish (Informal) English
Ne kadar güzelsiniz! Ne kadar güzelsin! “You are so beautiful.”
Literally: “How beautiful you are!”
Güzelliğiniz karşısında büyülendim. Güzelliğin karşısında büyülendim. “I’m fascinated by your beauty.”
Bu saçlar size çok yakışmış. Bu saç sana çok yakışmış. “Your hair looks good.”
Gamzelerinize bayılıyorum. Gamzelerine bayılıyorum. “I love your dimples.”
Gülüşünüz ne kadar içten. Gülüşün ne kadar içten. “Your smile is very sincere.”
Literally: “How sincere your smile is.”

Compliments for Girls

Ladies! You don’t have to worry, you’re also covered. Here comes the compliments for a handsome male:

Turkish (Formal) Turkish (Informal) English
Çok yakışıklısınız! Çok yakışıklısın! “You are very handsome!”
Sakal size çok yakışmış. Sakal sana çok yakışmış. “Your beard looks good on you.”
Harika görünüyorsunuz! Harika görünüyorsun! “You look wonderful!”
Çok güzel gözleriniz var. Çok güzel gözlerin var. “You have very beautiful eyes.”
Saçlarınız çok güzel! Saçların çok güzel! “Your hair is very beautiful.”
Parfümünüzü çok beğendim. Parfümünü çok beğendim. “I like your cologne.”

2- Appearance

There might be times when you like someone’s clothes, accessories, shoes, or general appearance, and you might feel the urge to say so. Here are some Turkish compliments you can use in such situations:

Turkish (Formal) Turkish (Informal) English
Çok hoş görünüyorsunuz. Çok hoş görünüyorsun. “You look very nice.”
Çok şıksınız. Çok şıksın. “You are elegant.”
Bu pantolon size çok yakışmış. Bu pantolon sana çok yakışmış. “These pants look good on you.”
Gözlüklerinize bayıldım. Gözlüklerine bayıldım. “I love your glasses.”
Makyajınızı çok beğendim. Makyajını çok beğendim. “I like your makeup.”
Çok karizmatiksiniz. Çok karizmatiksin. “You are very charismatic.”
Çok zarifsiniz. Çok zarifsin. “You are very graceful.”
Yaşınızı hiç göstermiyorsunuz. Yaşını hiç göstermiyorsun. “You don’t show your age at all.”

3- Character

There will be times when you’d like to express your admiration for someone’s character, be it a friend, a colleague, or even your child. Below are some compliments in Turkish that you can use to compliment his or her character:

Turkish (Formal) Turkish (Informal) English
Çok zekisiniz. Çok zekisin. “You are very clever.”
Dürüstlüğünüze hayranım. Dürüstlüğüne hayranım. “I admire your honesty.”
Çok iyi bir mizah anlayışınız var. Çok iyi bir mizah anlayışın var. “You have a very good sense of humor.”
Siz çok temiz kalplisiniz. Sen çok temiz kalplisin. “You are very good-hearted.”
Literal translation: “You are very clean-hearted!”

2. Praising Someone at Work

Let’s imagine you’re working with Turkish people and you want to give one of your colleagues a compliment in Turkish. Here’s how you can compliment someone about his or her work:

Turkish (Formal) Turkish (Informal) English
Harika bir performans sergilediniz. Harika bir performans sergiledin. “You performed great.”
Tebrikler, iyi iş çıkardınız. Tebrikler, iyi iş çıkardın. “Congratulations, you did a good job.”
Harikalar yarattınız. Harikalar yarattın. “You’ve done wonders.”
Bunu hak ettiniz! Bunu hak ettin! “You deserved it.”
Hak edilmiş bir başarı. Hak edilmiş bir başarı. “A deserved success.”

Praising Someone at Work

When it comes to complimenting someone’s skills at work, you can use the following Turkish compliments:

Turkish (Formal) Turkish (Informal) English
Etkileyici bir özgeçmişiniz var. Etkileyici bir özgeçmişin var. “You have an impressive resume.”
Çok yeteneklisiniz. Çok yeteneklisin. “You’re very talented.”
Çok yaratıcısınız. Çok yaratıcısın. “You’re very creative.”
Ne kadar hızlısınız. Ne kadar hızlısın. “You are so fast.”
Literally: “How fast you are.”
Değişime adaptasyon yeteneğiniz çok yüksek. Değişime adaptasyon yeteneğin çok yüksek. “Your ability to adapt to change is very high.”
Kavrama beceriniz çok yüksek. Kavrama becerin çok yüksek. “Your ability to comprehend is very high.”
Ekip çalışmasına çok yatkınsınız. Ekip çalışmasına çok yatkınsın. “You’re very prone to teamwork.”
Konulara farklı açıdan bakabilmeniz çok güzel. Konulara farklı açıdan bakabilmen çok güzel. “It’s good that you can look at the subjects from a different perspective.”

Someone Receiving an Employee of the Month Award

3. Kudos in Social Life

In social life, there may be cases where you’d like to give a compliment in Turkish. It could be at a gathering, a restaurant, or even a friend’s house. Here are the top Turkish compliments that can be used in social life:

Turkish (Formal) Turkish (Informal) English
Eviniz ne kadar güzelmiş. Evin ne kadar güzelmiş. “Your house is so beautiful.”

Literally: “How beautiful your house is.”

Çok zevklisiniz. Çok zevklisin. “You have a good taste.”
Çok güzel dans ediyorsunuz. Çok güzel dans ediyorsun. “You dance very well.”
Elinize sağlık. Eline sağlık. Literally: “Health to your hand.”
Emeğinize sağlık. Emeğine sağlık. Literally: “Health to your effort.”
Çok güzel görünüyor. Çok güzel görünüyor. “It looks very nice.”
Çok güzel kokuyor. Çok güzel kokuyor. “It smells very nice.”
Çok lezzetli olmuş. Çok lezzetli olmuş. “It’s delicious.”
Tadı çok güzel! Tadı çok güzel! “It tastes very good!”

A Woman Staring at Chocolate Cake

4. When and Where to Avoid Complimenting

Compliments make most people happy. However, people like to hear real, sincere compliments; it doesn’t make any sense to give fake compliments. In order to sound sincere, you should look the person in the eyes and say your compliment in a tone that reflects how you really feel.

Don’t forget that every culture is different. When you’re using Turkish compliments for girls, make sure to do it under appropriate conditions, at the right time, and in a suitable environment.

If you want to compliment a Turkish girl, you need to be very careful if there’s a boyfriend, a brother, or a husband around. Turkish men are usually overprotective when it comes to the women in their lives. Even if you approach her in a friendly manner, you can be misunderstood. It might be a good idea not to compliment her physical characteristics or appearance, in this case.

If you’re using Turkish compliments for girls late at night in an uncrowded place, even if you’re sincere and have good intentions, it can be perceived badly (as is probably the case in most cultures).

If you’re complimenting someone of the opposite sex at work among other colleagues, you should also be careful about how you do so. You wouldn’t want to have your compliment perceived the wrong way and get in trouble for it.

Again, where, when, and how you compliment matters!


5. What’s Expected After a Compliment

As I indicated earlier, I think that even those who claim not to like compliments still enjoy them deep inside. However, you can’t know how they’ll react to them.

Some people may pleasantly accept compliments. Here are some sentences Turkish people might use when they feel positive about your compliments:

Turkish (Formal) Turkish (Informal) English
Teşekkür ederim. Teşekkür ederim. “Thank you.”
Teşekkürler. Teşekkürler. “Thanks.”
Teveccühünüz. Teveccühün. “That’s very kind of you.”
O sizin iyi görüşünüz. O senin iyi görüşün. “That’s your good point of view.”

Some might feel uncomfortable and shy away from compliments. Others might suspect that you’re not sincere, and think you have bad intentions. Furthermore, some people might even think that you expect or want something in return.

Don’t forget that the tone and gestures you use when complimenting really matter!

Positive Feelings

6. You Will Do Great!

Did you enjoy reading about Turkish compliments? Now you know the top Turkish compliments and how to compliment in Turkish. Are you ready to compliment the girl or boy you like? How about your colleague for his collaboration? I’m sure you’ll do great!

However, this isn’t enough. You need to keep learning more! Make sure to utilize all of the free resources, including the dictionary, at! You can also download the app for free and use it wherever you are. Don’t forget that there’s also the premium service MyTeacher, which allows you to practice with a private teacher.

We look forward to your feedback about your experience with the services offered at TurkishClass101. Good luck with your Turkish learning!

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How to Express That You’re Angry in Turkish


There are many ways to show our feelings, particularly through gestures, behavior, and language. Language is, of course, the most effective and explicit one.

Of all the feelings we experience, anger is probably the most intense. Because anger can increase our adrenaline level, our reactions can be extreme and our words harsh. We might even be led to use swear words.

In this article, we’ll talk about profanity in Turkish. Our focus will be on rude Turkish sayings, but definitely not on swear words in Turkish.

Profanity in Turkish is especially common among males in Turkey. You can hear a lot of Turkish swear words when men are watching a soccer game; it doesn’t matter if they’re watching it on TV at home, at a café, or live at the stadium.

At the Stadium

You can also catch many swear words in Turkish during heavy traffic!

Turkish men usually try not to swear when there are women around, but other rude Turkish sayings might still come out of their mouths when they’re angry.

We should mention a warning here: A Turkish man can fly into a rage if anyone makes a comment about or tries to flirt with a woman in his life, whether it be a girlfriend, wife, sister, or mother. If you don’t want to see an angry Turkish man, you should be mindful of this.

However, if you ever encounter an angry Turkish man, you need to make sure that you can understand what he’s saying. What’s more, if you get angry yourself, you should be able to express your negative emotions in Turkish.

Angry Man

Let’s start with how to say “angry” in Turkish and other relevant words and phrases:

  • Kızgın / Öfkeli – “Angry”
  • Kızgınlık / Öfke – “Anger”
  • Kızmak – “To be angry”
  • Kızdırmak – “To make angry”
  • Ben kızgınım. – “I’m angry.”
  • Ben öfkeliyim. – “I’m angry.”

These two sentences are interchangeable.

We’ll start talking about angry expressions now, so that you can become familiar with them. However, we hope you never have to use or hear them.

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Table of Contents

  1. Angry Expressions
  2. Angry Warnings
  3. Angry Blames
  4. Reveal Your Feelings
  5. How to Manage Your Anger
  6. Express Yourself Better with TurkishClass101

Men Arguing

1. Angry Expressions

1. Are you sick of someone who’s B.S.-ing and you want her/him to stop talking? This is what you can tell that person:

  • Kapa çeneni! – “Shut up!”

2. Can’t bear what someone is repetitively doing or saying? Then use the following phrase:

  • Kes şunu! – “Stop it!” / “Cut it out!”

3. If you feel like someone is on your back, you can tell her or him to keep out of your hair by using the sentence below:

  • Beni rahat bırak! – “Leave me alone!”

4. If you’re so angry with someone that you don’t want to see them, you can use one of these phrases with them:

  • Kaybol. – “Get lost.”
  • Defol! – “Go away!”
  • Defol git! – “Get the hell out!”
  • Gözüm görmesin seni! – “Get out of my sight!”

5. You can use the following phrase when someone tells you something that doesn’t make any sense, sounds crazy, or is difficult to understand or believe:

  • Sen benimle dalga mı geçiyorsun? – “Are you kidding me?”

6. Here are some stronger phrases to express anger, frustration, and annoyance:

  • Kahretsin! – “D*mn it!”
  • Allah kahretsin! – “God d*mn it!”
  • Allah seni kahretsin! – “God d*mn you!”

In some religions, the last two sentences might be very offensive, but this isn’t the case in Turkish (at least in terms of religion).

  • Ne halin varsa gör! – “Do whatever the heck you want!”

2. Angry Warnings


When you’re angry, you might not be thinking clearly. Therefore, you might choose to give in to that anger and start warning the other person impolitely. This might even turn into threats. Below are some examples of these warnings in Turkish:

1. If you think the person you’re talking with is speaking nonsense, you can warn him or her with the following phrases:

  • Saçmalama! – “Save that B.S.!”

2. If you want somebody to stop bothering you, here’s how you can let that person know:

  • Yeter! – “Enough!”
  • Benimle uğraşma! – “Don’t mess with me!”
  • Bana bulaşma! (in slang) – “Don’t mess with me!”

3. If someone is pushing your limits of tolerance, then you can warn that person about it:

  • Dayanılır gibi değil! – “It’s not tolerable!”
  • Dayanamıyorum! – “I can’t bear (it)!”

4. There are a few more angry warnings you should know:

  • Belanı mı arıyorsun? – “Are you asking for trouble?”
  • Seni son kez uyarıyorum! – “I’m warning you for the last time!”
  • Seni bir daha görmek istemiyorum! – “I don’t want to see you again!”
  • Ne olmuş yani? – “So what?”
  • Ağzından çıkanlara dikkat et! – “Watch your mouth!”

3. Angry Blames

Negative Verbs

When you’re angry, you might not be evaluating the whole situation with the right state of mind. In a situation like this, you might put all the blame on the other person. Here are some popular angry blames in Turkish:

1. If someone is getting into your personal business, you can both blame and warn that person using the following idioms:

  • Sana ne! – “It’s none of your business!”
  • Bu seni ilgilendirmez! – “It’s none of your business!”

These two sentences are interchangeable, but the first one is more impolite.

  • İşime burnunu sokma! – “Don’t poke your nose into my business!”

2. You can ask the following questions when someone tells you something stupid, something that sounds crazy, or something that’s hard to understand or believe:

  • Sen aklını mı kaçırdın? – “Are you out of your mind?”
  • Delirdin mi sen? – “Are you crazy?”

3. Below are some other angry Turkish phrases and questions you might hear:

  • Sen kim olduğunu sanıyorsun? – “Who do you think you are?”
  • Neyin var senin? – “What’s wrong with you?”
  • Beni dinlemiyorsun! – “You are not listening to me!”
  • Bütün bunlar senin hatan! – “It’s all your fault!”
  • Her şeyi berbat ettin! – “You messed it up!”
  • Ne halt ediyorsun? – “What the heck are you doing?”

4. Reveal Your Feelings

“Is it really possible to tell someone else what one feels?” Leo Tolstoy asked in his novel Anna Karenina.

Of course, it is. As a matter of fact, revealing your feelings is as natural as having them. Words are an effective way of expressing how you feel.

We’ll go over some phrases you can use to say “I am angry” in Turkish and to describe your other negative emotions:

  • Çok kızgınım! – “I‘m very angry!”
  • Çok sinirliyim! – “I’m very upset!”
  • Bundan bıktım, usandım! – “I’m fed up with it!”
  • Bundan nefret ediyorum! – “I hate it!”
  • Hiç bu kadar hayal kırıklığına uğramamıştım! – “I have never been so disappointed!”
  • Bu çok sinir bozucu! – “This is very frustrating!”

5. How to Manage Your Anger

Anger may cause problems if it’s not controlled. Unwanted words may come out of your mouth; you might even get physical with someone if you’re angry enough. Therefore, it’s critical to control your anger so that you don’t say or do anything you’ll regret.

Below are some techniques you might want to use to control your anger:

1. When we get angry, our breathing speeds up. In order to slow it down, we need to take deep breaths, inhaling through the nose and exhaling out the mouth.

  • Derin nefes alın. – “Take a deep breath.”

2. If you start counting to ten, your heart rate will slow down and your anger will diminish. Depending on how angry you are, you might even want to count up to 100.

  • 10’a kadar sayın. – “Count up to 10.”

3. Music usually relaxes people, so it might be a good idea to put in your earbuds and listen to music to help manage your anger.

  • Müzik dinleyin. – “Listen to music.”


4. It might be a good idea to jot down how you’re feeling instead of hurting someone else’s feelings with your words.

  • Duygularınızı yazın. – “Write down your feelings.”

5. If you can put yourself in the other person’s shoes, you can understand their perspective and your anger may subside.

  • Biraz empati kurmaya çalışın. – “Try to have some empathy.”

6. Walk away from the environment and give yourself time to think through what happened. This will help you calm down emotionally.

  • Ortamdan uzaklaşın. – “Walk away from the environment.”

7. Everybody has their own way of calming themselves down.

  • Kendi yönteminizi bulun. – “Find your own method.”


6. Express Yourself Better with TurkishClass101

Now that you have an idea about profanity in Turkish, know how to say “angry” in Turkish, and also learned some rude Turkish sayings, do you feel better about putting your anger into words? Would you like to express all of your other feelings in Turkish as well?

Please use the free resources at, or even our Premium PLUS services, to take your Turkish to the next level. Keep in mind that we also have a dictionary on our site to facilitate your learning.

Make sure to share your learning experience throughout your journey on our website.

You’ll be surprised how quickly and easily you’ll be learning Turkish with TurkishClass101.

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Emek ve Dayanışma Günü: Labor and Solidarity Day in Turkey

On Labor and Solidarity Day, Turkey’s workers celebrate gains made for laborers’ rights, demonstrate for even more rights, and take the day (or long weekend) off of work. In this article, you’ll learn all about Labor Day events in Turkey, some background information about the holiday, and a few useful vocabulary words.

Let’s get started.

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1. What is Labor and Solidarity Day?

Labor Day in Turkey has had a rocky history since its start in 1923. Like in many countries around the world, Labor Day is a holiday dedicated to workers and laborers, and is often marked by protests and demonstrations. The first Labor Day celebration turned violent, causing authorities to place a yasak (“ban” ) on demonstration participation. In 1924, people participated anyway, so the holiday itself was banned until 1935 (when it returned with the name “Spring and Flowers Day”).

From this date on, Labor Day was celebrated peacefully until 1977, when a massive protest in Taksim Square turned violent. During the Confederation of Revolutionary Trade Union‘s president’s speech, someone opened fire in the crowd and then started shooting from one of the rooftops around the square. As a result of the stampede, several people were killed and injured.

In 1981, the holiday was banned yet again until 2009, when it returned as “Labor and Solidarity Day.”

In 2013, another incident took place in Taksim, where demonstrations were banned in Taksim Square, with a pedestrianization project given as the reason. It was advertised under the name “Taksim Urban Transformation Project” and was introduced to increase revenue. The polis (“police” ) used tear gas and water cannons against demonstrators who went ahead with their celebrations of the day anyway.

    → Check out our vocabulary list for Jobs / Work to pick up some useful words.

2. When is Labor Day?

A Person Standing in an Open Field on a Sunny Day

Each year, Turks celebrate Labor Day on May 1. This is the same date most of the world celebrates, except for the United States, which celebrates on the first Monday in September.

3. Labor Day in Turkish Culture: Celebrations & Traditions

People Putting on a Demonstration

On Labor Day, Turkey’s streets are often filled with marches and protests regarding insan hakları (“human rights” ) and işçi hakları (“labor rights” ). In 2019, events were mainly peaceful, and people observed Labor Day with songs, chants, and a moment of silence for five people who were killed in a traffic wreck on their way to a Labor Day event.

In Turkey, Labor Day is also a time for rest and relaxation for those who opt to stay at home or go out to quieter places with loved ones.

Depending on when May 1 is in a given year, there may be a full Labor Day weekend! For those not demonstrating, this is just a relaxing and fun holiday weekend off from work.

4. 2003 Labor Act

In 2003, a Labor Act was passed in Turkey, which enacted certain laws regarding labor. For example:

  • A 45-hour workweek (with fifty percent extra pay for overtime)
  • Fourteen days of paid leave for full-time laborers employed for at least one year
  • Minimum age of fifteen years for full-time employment

5. Must-Know Vocabulary for Labor and Solidarity Day

A Worker Wearing a Yellow Helmet and Gloves

Ready to review some of the vocabulary words from this lesson? Here’s a list of the most important words and phrases for Labor Day in Turkey!

  • Emek ve Dayanışma Günü — “Labor and Solidarity Day” [n.]
  • Miting — “Demonstration” [n.]
  • Yasak — “Ban” [n.]
  • Protesto yürüyüşü — “Protest march”
  • Emekçi — “Proletarian” [adj.]
  • Polis — “Police” [n.]
  • Biber gazı — “Pepper spray”
  • Hürriyet — “Liberty” [n.]
  • Işçi — “Laborer” [n.]
  • Işçi hakları — “Labor rights”
  • Adalet — “Justice” [n.]
  • Insan hakları — “Human rights”
  • Tutuklamak — “Arrest” [v.]

To hear the pronunciation of each word and phrase, and to read them alongside relevant images, be sure to check out our Turkish Labor and Solidarity Day vocabulary list!

Final Thoughts

We hope you enjoyed learning about Labor and Solidarity Day, Turkey’s history regarding this holiday, and some provisions of the 2003 Labor Act.

Do you celebrate Labor Day in your country? How do traditions there differ from those in Turkey? We look forward to hearing from you in the comments!

If you want to learn even more about Turkish culture or the language, you may find the following pages useful:

This is just the tip of the iceberg. For more fantastic Turkish-learning content, create your free lifetime account on today. You can also upgrade to our Premium or Premium PLUS plans for exclusive lessons and content to help you learn Turkish faster.

Happy Labor Day, and good luck with your studies! 🙂

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