TurkishClass101.com Blog

Learn Turkish with Free Daily
Audio and Video Lessons!
Start Your Free Trial 6 FREE Features

Guide to the 100+ Turkish Nouns You Need to Know


What are Turkish nouns? Well, words used to define living things, non-living things, and concepts, are called nouns. Here comes your first Turkish noun:

“Ad” / “isim” – “Noun”

Unlike in some languages, in Turkish grammar, nouns don’t have gender. In other words, a Turkish noun isn’t categorized as feminine or masculine.

Nouns in Turkish grammar are classified as follows:

  1. According to the way they are given:
    1. Proper nouns
    2. Common nouns
  2. According to the composition of the names:
    1. Abstract nouns
    2. Concrete nouns
  3. According to the number:
    1. Singular nouns
    2. Plural nouns
    3. Collective nouns
  4. According to the structure
    1. Simple nouns
    2. Nouns derived from other nouns
    3. Compound nouns

You can find more information on this, and more Turkish vocabulary, on Wikipedia. Of course, TurkishClass101.com also provides many practical and fun lessons for you! 

There are definite nouns in Turkish, as well as indefinite nouns. Definite nouns in Turkish are used in possessive constructions.

Further, Turkish doesn’t use any articles. Therefore, definite nouns in Turkish are indicated by accusative case suffixes. On the other hand, the absolute form is used for indefinite nouns in Turkish. 

Both definite nouns in Turkish and indefinite nouns in Turkish are covered on our website on TurkishClass101.com, in detail.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Turkish Table of Contents
  1. Nouns Related to Transportation and Time
  2. Turkish Nouns for Food, Utensils, and Tableware
  3. Nouns about Occupations
  4. Nouns Related to Family Members
  5. Nouns about Appliances
  6. Technology-Related Nouns
  7. School-Related Nouns
  8. Nouns Related to Body Parts
  9. Conclusion

1- Nouns Related to Transportation and Time

At the airport

Let’s assume that you’re traveling to Turkey. When you arrive at the airport there, you might need to use basic nouns in Turkish to meet some of your conversation requirements.

1- Time

Due to the time difference, you may be confused about the time and date. In this case, you may need to ask:

Bugün Pazartesi mi?

“Is today Monday?”

Saat kaç?

“What time is it?”

Someone can answer those questions as follows:

Hayır, dün Pazartesi idi. Bugün Salı. 

“No, yesterday was Monday. Today is Tuesday.”

Saat 5’i 10 geçiyor.

“It’s 10 after 5.”

You can have other conversations about time as well:

Yarın Ankara’ya uçacağım.

“I will be flying to Ankara tomorrow.”

2 saat 45 dakika içinde başka bir uçuşum var. 

“I have another flight in two hours and forty-five minutes.”

Here are some other time-related nouns in Turkish that you can use:

–          Pazartesi     –  “Monday”

–          Salı               – “Tuesday”

–          Çarşamba    – “Wednesday”

–          Perşembe   – “Thursday”

–          Cuma           – “Friday”   

–          Cumartesi    –  “Saturday”

–          Pazar           – “Sunday”

–          Gün              – “Day”

–          Hafta           – “Week”

–          Ay                – “Month”

–          Yıl            – “Year”

–          Saat             – “Hour”

–          Dakika         – “Minute”

–          Dün              – “Yesterday”

–          Bugün          – “Today”

–          Yarın            – “Tomorrow”

Don’t miss out on our article about words that define time in Turkish.

Furthermore, you can learn more Turkish adjectives and nouns on TurkishClass101.com.

2- Transportation

Common Nouns

Here are some sentences about transportation using basic nouns in Turkish:

Uçak – “Airplane”

Bu uçak çok büyük.

“This airplane is very big.”

Havaalanı – “Airport”

Bu havaalanı çok küçük.

“This airport is very small.”

Tren istasyonu – “Train station” & Tren – “Train”

Tren istasyonu nerede? İlk trene yetişmem lazım. 

“Where is the train station? I have to catch the first train.”

Bisiklet – “Bicycle”

Buradan bisiklet kiralayabilir miyim?

“Can I rent a bike here?”

Here’s are some more Turkish nouns you can use when talking about transportation:

–          Metro – “Subway”

–          Otobüs – “Bus”

–          Taksi – “Taxi”

–          Otobüs durağı – “Bus stop”

–          Trafik ışıkları – “Traffic lights”

–          Yol – “Road”

–          Araba – “Car”

2- Turkish Nouns for Food, Utensils, and Tableware

Ordering at a restaurant

Let’s say you’re hungry and decide to eat at a restaurant at the airport before getting on your next flight within Turkey.  Following are some popular Turkish nouns you can use when you’re eating at a restaurant.

Masa – “Table”

Bu masa boş mu?

“Is this table available?”

Menü – “Menu”

Menüyü alabilir miyim?

“Can I have the menu?”

Kase – “Bowl” / Tavuk – “Chicken” / Sebze – “Vegetable”

Bir kase çorba, tavuk ve yanına da biraz sebze istiyorum. 

“I’d like a bowl of soup, chicken, and some vegetables on the side.”

Su – “Water” / Bira – “Beer” / Şarap – “Wine”

Su mu, bira mı, şarap mı istersiniz?

“Would you like water, beer, or wine?”

Çatal – “Fork”/ Bıçak – “Knife”

Bir çatal ve bıçak alabilir miyim lütfen?

“May I get a fork and a knife, please?”

Türk kahvesi – “Turkish coffee” / Çay – “Tea”

Türk kahvesi veya çay ister miydiniz?

“Would you like Turkish coffee or tea?”

You can check out our website to learn more about the Turkish terms used at a restaurant and Turkish nouns for food, utensils, and tableware.

3- Nouns about Occupations

Nouns 2

Now that you’re on the plane, you might want to have a small conversation with the Turkish man sitting next to you. You can start with a sincere:



Then you can introduce yourself and talk about your occupation, and ask about his.

Doktor – “Doctor” / Meslek – “Occupation”

Ben doktorum. Sizin mesleğiniz nedir?

“I’m a doctor. What is your occupation?”

Avukat – “Lawyer” / Hemşire – “Nurse”

Ben avukatım ama eşim hemşire.

“I’m a lawyer, but my wife is a nurse.”

Here’s a Turkish nouns list for other occupations:

–          Mühendis   –       “Engineer”

–          Öğretmen    –       “Teacher”

–          İş adamı      –       “Businessman”

–          İş kadını       –       “Businesswoman”

–          Yönetici       –       “Manager”

–          Mimar         –       “Architect”

Please check out  our article about jobs for more information on finding a job in Turkey, and what to expect while working there.

4- Nouns Related to Family Members

Here’s a Turkish nouns list you can use to introduce your family:

  • Aile              –       “Family”
  • Eş                 –       “Spouse”
  • Kız evlat       –       “Daughter”
  • Erkek evlat  –       “Son”
  • Anne            –       “Mom”
  • Baba            –       “Dad”
  • Ebeveyn       –       “Parent”
  • Kuzen           –       “Cousin”
  • Çocuk           –       “Child”

For even more of the most common nouns in Turkish used for family, check out our article about family members!

Of course, you can broaden your vocabulary for family members as well, using our free vocabulary list.

5- Nouns about Appliances

Nouns 3

After a tiring trip, you’re finally at the hotel. You might have some questions about some of the appliances.

Klima – “Air conditioner”

Klimayı açmama yardımcı olabilir misiniz lütfen?   

“Can you help me turn on the air conditioner, please?”

Buzdolabı –”Fridge”

Buzdolabı çalışmıyor. 

“The fridge doesn’t work.”

Mikrodalga fırın – “Microwave”

Odada mikrodalga fırın yok.

“There is no microwave in the room.”

Saç kurutma makinesi – “Hair dryer”

Bana başka bir saç kurutma makinesi gönderebilir misiniz lütfen?

“Can you send me another hair dryer, please?”

Televizyon – “TV”

Televizyon çalışmıyor.

“The TV is not working.”

Çamaşır makinesi – “Washer” / Kurutucu – “Dryer”

Yakında bir çamaşır makinesi ve kurutucu var mı?

“Is there a washer and a dryer nearby?”

Fan; havalandırma – “Fan”

Banyodaki fan çalışmıyor. 

“The fan in the bathroom is not working.”

Please refer to the following link for even more of the most common nouns in Turkish related to appliances.

6- Technology-Related Nouns

After a good night’s rest, you have a meeting with a colleague the next day. You’re in a conference room, and, of course, you might need to use some nouns in Turkish related to technology. Here you go:

Wi-Fi –”Wi-Fi”

Bu konferans salonunda Wi-Fi var mı?

“Is there Wi-Fi in this conference room?”

Şarj aleti – “Charger” / Cep telefonu – “Cell phone”

Şarj aletimi evrak çantamdan alıp cep telefonumu şarj etmeme izin verin. 

“Let me take my charger from my briefcase and charge my cell phone.”

Tablet – “Tablet” / Dizüstü bilgisayar – “Laptop”

Tabletimi otelde unuttum ama dizüstü bilgisayarım yanımda.

“I forgot my tablet at the hotel, but I have my laptop with me.”

Bilgisayar  – “Computer”

Oo, odada bir bilgisayar da var.

“Oh, here is also a computer in the room.”

Dosya – “File”

Size göstermek istediğim dosya bu.

“This is the file I want to show you.”

Şifre – “Password”

İlk önce şifremi girmeme izin verin.

“Let me enter my password first.”

Resim – “Picture” / Web sitesi – “Website”

Resmi size web sitesinden göstereceğim.

“I will show you the picture from the website.”

You can go to TurkishClass101.com to learn more nouns about technology.

7- School-Related Nouns

You’re invited over to your colleague’s house for dinner.

You like children, and you have your own kids. You’d like to have a conversation with your colleague’s kid. Here are some basic nouns in Turkish related to school.

–          Lise                    –          “High school”

–          Ortaokul          –          “Middle school”

–          İlkokul               –          “Elementary school”

–          Ödev                 –          “Homework”

–          Öğretmen       –          “Teacher”

–          Sınav                 –          “Exam”

–          Kitap                  –          “Book”

–          Proje                 –          “Project”

–          Defter              –          “Notebook”

–          Kalem               –          “Pen” or “Pencil”

School related nouns

Here’s an example of a conversation you can carry out with your colleague’s child about school using these nouns:

A: Liseye mi gidiyorsun?

A: “Are you going to high school?”

B: Evet, liseye gidiyorum.

B: “Yes, I’m going to high school.”

A: Kızım ortaokula gidiyor, oğlum da ilkokula gidiyor. Ödevini bitirdin mi?

A: “My daughter goes to middle school and my son goes to elementary school. Have you completed your homework?”

B: Öğretmenim çok ödev veriyor ama ben bitirdim.

B: “My teacher gives a lot of homework, but I completed it.”

A: O zaman ne yapıyorsun?

A: “What are you doing then?”

B: Yarın sınavım var ama projem ile ilgili kitap okuyorum.

B: “I have an exam tomorrow, but I’m reading a book about my project.”

A: Projen ne hakkında?

A: “What is your project about?”

B: Projem insan vücudu hakkında. 

B: “My project is about body parts.”

Guess what? Here’s an opportunity for you to learn body parts in Turkish.

8- Nouns Related to Body Parts

Body parts

A: Oo, bana Türkçe vücud organlarını öğretebilir misin?

A: “Oh, can you teach me body parts in Turkish?”

B: Tabi ki.

B: “Sure.”

A: Bana bir defter ve kalem verebilir misin? Not almak istiyorum.

A: “Can you give me a notebook and a pen? I want to take notes.”

B: Tabi. İşte burada. Kelimeler şöyle:

B: “Sure. Here you go. The words are as follows:”

–          Vücut           –       “Body”

–          Baş; kafa     –       “Head”

–          Omuz           –       “Shoulder”

–          Kol              –       “Arm”

–          El                 –       “Hand”

–          Bacak           –       “Leg”

–          Ayak             –       “Foot”

–          Yüz               –       “Face”

–          Göz             –       “Eye”

–          Burun          –       “Nose”

–          Ağız             –       “Mouth”

–          Kulak           –       “Ear”

–          Parmak       –       “Finger”

9. Conclusion

Nouns 4

We hope you had a nice trip and were able to use your Turkish, and learn some new Turkish nouns. Are you interested in learning even more about nouns in Turkish so that you can express yourself better? Our Turkish dictionary is a great place to find more words for your Turkish nouns vocabulary bank! 

Know that your hard work will pay off, and you’ll be speaking, reading, and writing Turkish like a native before you know it!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Turkish

Learn the Top Turkish Compliments for Any Situation


Compliments! Tell me who doesn’t like compliments. I believe that even those who say they don’t like compliments enjoy them deep inside.

Complimenting is a very human thing, and it can be done anywhere, anytime. However, you need to be very careful about it if you’re not a native speaker and you’re complimenting someone whose culture you’re not familiar with. You wouldn’t want to be embarrassed or hit with a purse, would you?

In this article, we’ll talk about how to compliment in Turkish, as well as when you should avoid complimenting. With the Turkish compliments in this article, you can bring a smile to anyone’s face!

Let’s start with the basics:

“Compliment”                                         – İltifat; kompliman; övgü

“Compliments” (plural)                          – İltifatlar; komplimanlar; övgüler

“Compliments” (as a separate word)      – Selamlar; saygılar; tebrikler

Now that you’ve learned the most important words related to compliments, it’s time to learn the top Turkish compliments you can use for different occasions to express your gratitude, appreciation, admiration, and likes.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Turkish

Table of Contents

  1. Compliments on Someone’s Look and Character
  2. Praising Someone at Work
  3. Kudos in Social Life
  4. When and Where to Avoid Complimenting
  5. What’s Expected After a Compliment
  6. You Will Do Great!

1. Compliments on Someone’s Look and Character

In this section, we’ll talk about Turkish compliments you can use for someone’s physical appearance or his/her character.

1- Physical Characteristics

You’re fascinated with a Turkish woman’s beauty, and you would like to express your feelings. Here are some Turkish compliments for girls that you can use:

Turkish (Formal) Turkish (Informal) English
Ne kadar güzelsiniz! Ne kadar güzelsin! “You are so beautiful.”
Literally: “How beautiful you are!”
Güzelliğiniz karşısında büyülendim. Güzelliğin karşısında büyülendim. “I’m fascinated by your beauty.”
Bu saçlar size çok yakışmış. Bu saç sana çok yakışmış. “Your hair looks good.”
Gamzelerinize bayılıyorum. Gamzelerine bayılıyorum. “I love your dimples.”
Gülüşünüz ne kadar içten. Gülüşün ne kadar içten. “Your smile is very sincere.”
Literally: “How sincere your smile is.”

Compliments for Girls

Ladies! You don’t have to worry, you’re also covered. Here comes the compliments for a handsome male:

Turkish (Formal) Turkish (Informal) English
Çok yakışıklısınız! Çok yakışıklısın! “You are very handsome!”
Sakal size çok yakışmış. Sakal sana çok yakışmış. “Your beard looks good on you.”
Harika görünüyorsunuz! Harika görünüyorsun! “You look wonderful!”
Çok güzel gözleriniz var. Çok güzel gözlerin var. “You have very beautiful eyes.”
Saçlarınız çok güzel! Saçların çok güzel! “Your hair is very beautiful.”
Parfümünüzü çok beğendim. Parfümünü çok beğendim. “I like your cologne.”

2- Appearance

There might be times when you like someone’s clothes, accessories, shoes, or general appearance, and you might feel the urge to say so. Here are some Turkish compliments you can use in such situations:

Turkish (Formal) Turkish (Informal) English
Çok hoş görünüyorsunuz. Çok hoş görünüyorsun. “You look very nice.”
Çok şıksınız. Çok şıksın. “You are elegant.”
Bu pantolon size çok yakışmış. Bu pantolon sana çok yakışmış. “These pants look good on you.”
Gözlüklerinize bayıldım. Gözlüklerine bayıldım. “I love your glasses.”
Makyajınızı çok beğendim. Makyajını çok beğendim. “I like your makeup.”
Çok karizmatiksiniz. Çok karizmatiksin. “You are very charismatic.”
Çok zarifsiniz. Çok zarifsin. “You are very graceful.”
Yaşınızı hiç göstermiyorsunuz. Yaşını hiç göstermiyorsun. “You don’t show your age at all.”

3- Character

There will be times when you’d like to express your admiration for someone’s character, be it a friend, a colleague, or even your child. Below are some compliments in Turkish that you can use to compliment his or her character:

Turkish (Formal) Turkish (Informal) English
Çok zekisiniz. Çok zekisin. “You are very clever.”
Dürüstlüğünüze hayranım. Dürüstlüğüne hayranım. “I admire your honesty.”
Çok iyi bir mizah anlayışınız var. Çok iyi bir mizah anlayışın var. “You have a very good sense of humor.”
Siz çok temiz kalplisiniz. Sen çok temiz kalplisin. “You are very good-hearted.”
Literal translation: “You are very clean-hearted!”

2. Praising Someone at Work

Let’s imagine you’re working with Turkish people and you want to give one of your colleagues a compliment in Turkish. Here’s how you can compliment someone about his or her work:

Turkish (Formal) Turkish (Informal) English
Harika bir performans sergilediniz. Harika bir performans sergiledin. “You performed great.”
Tebrikler, iyi iş çıkardınız. Tebrikler, iyi iş çıkardın. “Congratulations, you did a good job.”
Harikalar yarattınız. Harikalar yarattın. “You’ve done wonders.”
Bunu hak ettiniz! Bunu hak ettin! “You deserved it.”
Hak edilmiş bir başarı. Hak edilmiş bir başarı. “A deserved success.”

Praising Someone at Work

When it comes to complimenting someone’s skills at work, you can use the following Turkish compliments:

Turkish (Formal) Turkish (Informal) English
Etkileyici bir özgeçmişiniz var. Etkileyici bir özgeçmişin var. “You have an impressive resume.”
Çok yeteneklisiniz. Çok yeteneklisin. “You’re very talented.”
Çok yaratıcısınız. Çok yaratıcısın. “You’re very creative.”
Ne kadar hızlısınız. Ne kadar hızlısın. “You are so fast.”
Literally: “How fast you are.”
Değişime adaptasyon yeteneğiniz çok yüksek. Değişime adaptasyon yeteneğin çok yüksek. “Your ability to adapt to change is very high.”
Kavrama beceriniz çok yüksek. Kavrama becerin çok yüksek. “Your ability to comprehend is very high.”
Ekip çalışmasına çok yatkınsınız. Ekip çalışmasına çok yatkınsın. “You’re very prone to teamwork.”
Konulara farklı açıdan bakabilmeniz çok güzel. Konulara farklı açıdan bakabilmen çok güzel. “It’s good that you can look at the subjects from a different perspective.”

Someone Receiving an Employee of the Month Award

3. Kudos in Social Life

In social life, there may be cases where you’d like to give a compliment in Turkish. It could be at a gathering, a restaurant, or even a friend’s house. Here are the top Turkish compliments that can be used in social life:

Turkish (Formal) Turkish (Informal) English
Eviniz ne kadar güzelmiş. Evin ne kadar güzelmiş. “Your house is so beautiful.”

Literally: “How beautiful your house is.”

Çok zevklisiniz. Çok zevklisin. “You have a good taste.”
Çok güzel dans ediyorsunuz. Çok güzel dans ediyorsun. “You dance very well.”
Elinize sağlık. Eline sağlık. Literally: “Health to your hand.”
Emeğinize sağlık. Emeğine sağlık. Literally: “Health to your effort.”
Çok güzel görünüyor. Çok güzel görünüyor. “It looks very nice.”
Çok güzel kokuyor. Çok güzel kokuyor. “It smells very nice.”
Çok lezzetli olmuş. Çok lezzetli olmuş. “It’s delicious.”
Tadı çok güzel! Tadı çok güzel! “It tastes very good!”

A Woman Staring at Chocolate Cake

4. When and Where to Avoid Complimenting

Compliments make most people happy. However, people like to hear real, sincere compliments; it doesn’t make any sense to give fake compliments. In order to sound sincere, you should look the person in the eyes and say your compliment in a tone that reflects how you really feel.

Don’t forget that every culture is different. When you’re using Turkish compliments for girls, make sure to do it under appropriate conditions, at the right time, and in a suitable environment.

If you want to compliment a Turkish girl, you need to be very careful if there’s a boyfriend, a brother, or a husband around. Turkish men are usually overprotective when it comes to the women in their lives. Even if you approach her in a friendly manner, you can be misunderstood. It might be a good idea not to compliment her physical characteristics or appearance, in this case.

If you’re using Turkish compliments for girls late at night in an uncrowded place, even if you’re sincere and have good intentions, it can be perceived badly (as is probably the case in most cultures).

If you’re complimenting someone of the opposite sex at work among other colleagues, you should also be careful about how you do so. You wouldn’t want to have your compliment perceived the wrong way and get in trouble for it.

Again, where, when, and how you compliment matters!


5. What’s Expected After a Compliment

As I indicated earlier, I think that even those who claim not to like compliments still enjoy them deep inside. However, you can’t know how they’ll react to them.

Some people may pleasantly accept compliments. Here are some sentences Turkish people might use when they feel positive about your compliments:

Turkish (Formal) Turkish (Informal) English
Teşekkür ederim. Teşekkür ederim. “Thank you.”
Teşekkürler. Teşekkürler. “Thanks.”
Teveccühünüz. Teveccühün. “That’s very kind of you.”
O sizin iyi görüşünüz. O senin iyi görüşün. “That’s your good point of view.”

Some might feel uncomfortable and shy away from compliments. Others might suspect that you’re not sincere, and think you have bad intentions. Furthermore, some people might even think that you expect or want something in return.

Don’t forget that the tone and gestures you use when complimenting really matter!

Positive Feelings

6. You Will Do Great!

Did you enjoy reading about Turkish compliments? Now you know the top Turkish compliments and how to compliment in Turkish. Are you ready to compliment the girl or boy you like? How about your colleague for his collaboration? I’m sure you’ll do great!

However, this isn’t enough. You need to keep learning more! Make sure to utilize all of the free resources, including the dictionary, at TurkishClass101.com! You can also download the app for free and use it wherever you are. Don’t forget that there’s also the premium service MyTeacher, which allows you to practice with a private teacher.

We look forward to your feedback about your experience with the services offered at TurkishClass101. Good luck with your Turkish learning!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Turkish

How to Express That You’re Angry in Turkish


There are many ways to show our feelings, particularly through gestures, behavior, and language. Language is, of course, the most effective and explicit one.

Of all the feelings we experience, anger is probably the most intense. Because anger can increase our adrenaline level, our reactions can be extreme and our words harsh. We might even be led to use swear words.

In this article, we’ll talk about profanity in Turkish. Our focus will be on rude Turkish sayings, but definitely not on swear words in Turkish.

Profanity in Turkish is especially common among males in Turkey. You can hear a lot of Turkish swear words when men are watching a soccer game; it doesn’t matter if they’re watching it on TV at home, at a café, or live at the stadium.

At the Stadium

You can also catch many swear words in Turkish during heavy traffic!

Turkish men usually try not to swear when there are women around, but other rude Turkish sayings might still come out of their mouths when they’re angry.

We should mention a warning here: A Turkish man can fly into a rage if anyone makes a comment about or tries to flirt with a woman in his life, whether it be a girlfriend, wife, sister, or mother. If you don’t want to see an angry Turkish man, you should be mindful of this.

However, if you ever encounter an angry Turkish man, you need to make sure that you can understand what he’s saying. What’s more, if you get angry yourself, you should be able to express your negative emotions in Turkish.

Angry Man

Let’s start with how to say “angry” in Turkish and other relevant words and phrases:

  • Kızgın / Öfkeli – “Angry”
  • Kızgınlık / Öfke – “Anger”
  • Kızmak – “To be angry”
  • Kızdırmak – “To make angry”
  • Ben kızgınım. – “I’m angry.”
  • Ben öfkeliyim. – “I’m angry.”

These two sentences are interchangeable.

We’ll start talking about angry expressions now, so that you can become familiar with them. However, we hope you never have to use or hear them.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Useful Verbs in Turkish
Table of Contents

  1. Angry Expressions
  2. Angry Warnings
  3. Angry Blames
  4. Reveal Your Feelings
  5. How to Manage Your Anger
  6. Express Yourself Better with TurkishClass101

Men Arguing

1. Angry Expressions

1. Are you sick of someone who’s B.S.-ing and you want her/him to stop talking? This is what you can tell that person:

  • Kapa çeneni! – “Shut up!”

2. Can’t bear what someone is repetitively doing or saying? Then use the following phrase:

  • Kes şunu! – “Stop it!” / “Cut it out!”

3. If you feel like someone is on your back, you can tell her or him to keep out of your hair by using the sentence below:

  • Beni rahat bırak! – “Leave me alone!”

4. If you’re so angry with someone that you don’t want to see them, you can use one of these phrases with them:

  • Kaybol. – “Get lost.”
  • Defol! – “Go away!”
  • Defol git! – “Get the hell out!”
  • Gözüm görmesin seni! – “Get out of my sight!”

5. You can use the following phrase when someone tells you something that doesn’t make any sense, sounds crazy, or is difficult to understand or believe:

  • Sen benimle dalga mı geçiyorsun? – “Are you kidding me?”

6. Here are some stronger phrases to express anger, frustration, and annoyance:

  • Kahretsin! – “D*mn it!”
  • Allah kahretsin! – “God d*mn it!”
  • Allah seni kahretsin! – “God d*mn you!”

In some religions, the last two sentences might be very offensive, but this isn’t the case in Turkish (at least in terms of religion).

  • Ne halin varsa gör! – “Do whatever the heck you want!”

2. Angry Warnings


When you’re angry, you might not be thinking clearly. Therefore, you might choose to give in to that anger and start warning the other person impolitely. This might even turn into threats. Below are some examples of these warnings in Turkish:

1. If you think the person you’re talking with is speaking nonsense, you can warn him or her with the following phrases:

  • Saçmalama! – “Save that B.S.!”

2. If you want somebody to stop bothering you, here’s how you can let that person know:

  • Yeter! – “Enough!”
  • Benimle uğraşma! – “Don’t mess with me!”
  • Bana bulaşma! (in slang) – “Don’t mess with me!”

3. If someone is pushing your limits of tolerance, then you can warn that person about it:

  • Dayanılır gibi değil! – “It’s not tolerable!”
  • Dayanamıyorum! – “I can’t bear (it)!”

4. There are a few more angry warnings you should know:

  • Belanı mı arıyorsun? – “Are you asking for trouble?”
  • Seni son kez uyarıyorum! – “I’m warning you for the last time!”
  • Seni bir daha görmek istemiyorum! – “I don’t want to see you again!”
  • Ne olmuş yani? – “So what?”
  • Ağzından çıkanlara dikkat et! – “Watch your mouth!”

3. Angry Blames

Negative Verbs

When you’re angry, you might not be evaluating the whole situation with the right state of mind. In a situation like this, you might put all the blame on the other person. Here are some popular angry blames in Turkish:

1. If someone is getting into your personal business, you can both blame and warn that person using the following idioms:

  • Sana ne! – “It’s none of your business!”
  • Bu seni ilgilendirmez! – “It’s none of your business!”

These two sentences are interchangeable, but the first one is more impolite.

  • İşime burnunu sokma! – “Don’t poke your nose into my business!”

2. You can ask the following questions when someone tells you something stupid, something that sounds crazy, or something that’s hard to understand or believe:

  • Sen aklını mı kaçırdın? – “Are you out of your mind?”
  • Delirdin mi sen? – “Are you crazy?”

3. Below are some other angry Turkish phrases and questions you might hear:

  • Sen kim olduğunu sanıyorsun? – “Who do you think you are?”
  • Neyin var senin? – “What’s wrong with you?”
  • Beni dinlemiyorsun! – “You are not listening to me!”
  • Bütün bunlar senin hatan! – “It’s all your fault!”
  • Her şeyi berbat ettin! – “You messed it up!”
  • Ne halt ediyorsun? – “What the heck are you doing?”

4. Reveal Your Feelings

“Is it really possible to tell someone else what one feels?” Leo Tolstoy asked in his novel Anna Karenina.

Of course, it is. As a matter of fact, revealing your feelings is as natural as having them. Words are an effective way of expressing how you feel.

We’ll go over some phrases you can use to say “I am angry” in Turkish and to describe your other negative emotions:

  • Çok kızgınım! – “I‘m very angry!”
  • Çok sinirliyim! – “I’m very upset!”
  • Bundan bıktım, usandım! – “I’m fed up with it!”
  • Bundan nefret ediyorum! – “I hate it!”
  • Hiç bu kadar hayal kırıklığına uğramamıştım! – “I have never been so disappointed!”
  • Bu çok sinir bozucu! – “This is very frustrating!”

5. How to Manage Your Anger

Anger may cause problems if it’s not controlled. Unwanted words may come out of your mouth; you might even get physical with someone if you’re angry enough. Therefore, it’s critical to control your anger so that you don’t say or do anything you’ll regret.

Below are some techniques you might want to use to control your anger:

1. When we get angry, our breathing speeds up. In order to slow it down, we need to take deep breaths, inhaling through the nose and exhaling out the mouth.

  • Derin nefes alın. – “Take a deep breath.”

2. If you start counting to ten, your heart rate will slow down and your anger will diminish. Depending on how angry you are, you might even want to count up to 100.

  • 10’a kadar sayın. – “Count up to 10.”

3. Music usually relaxes people, so it might be a good idea to put in your earbuds and listen to music to help manage your anger.

  • Müzik dinleyin. – “Listen to music.”


4. It might be a good idea to jot down how you’re feeling instead of hurting someone else’s feelings with your words.

  • Duygularınızı yazın. – “Write down your feelings.”

5. If you can put yourself in the other person’s shoes, you can understand their perspective and your anger may subside.

  • Biraz empati kurmaya çalışın. – “Try to have some empathy.”

6. Walk away from the environment and give yourself time to think through what happened. This will help you calm down emotionally.

  • Ortamdan uzaklaşın. – “Walk away from the environment.”

7. Everybody has their own way of calming themselves down.

  • Kendi yönteminizi bulun. – “Find your own method.”


6. Express Yourself Better with TurkishClass101

Now that you have an idea about profanity in Turkish, know how to say “angry” in Turkish, and also learned some rude Turkish sayings, do you feel better about putting your anger into words? Would you like to express all of your other feelings in Turkish as well?

Please use the free resources at TurkishClass101.com, or even our Premium PLUS services, to take your Turkish to the next level. Keep in mind that we also have a dictionary on our site to facilitate your learning.

Make sure to share your learning experience throughout your journey on our website.

You’ll be surprised how quickly and easily you’ll be learning Turkish with TurkishClass101.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Useful Verbs in Turkish

Emek ve Dayanışma Günü: Labor and Solidarity Day in Turkey

On Labor and Solidarity Day, Turkey’s workers celebrate gains made for laborers’ rights, demonstrate for even more rights, and take the day (or long weekend) off of work. In this article, you’ll learn all about Labor Day events in Turkey, some background information about the holiday, and a few useful vocabulary words.

Let’s get started.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Turkish

1. What is Labor and Solidarity Day?

Labor Day in Turkey has had a rocky history since its start in 1923. Like in many countries around the world, Labor Day is a holiday dedicated to workers and laborers, and is often marked by protests and demonstrations. The first Labor Day celebration turned violent, causing authorities to place a yasak (“ban” ) on demonstration participation. In 1924, people participated anyway, so the holiday itself was banned until 1935 (when it returned with the name “Spring and Flowers Day”).

From this date on, Labor Day was celebrated peacefully until 1977, when a massive protest in Taksim Square turned violent. During the Confederation of Revolutionary Trade Union‘s president’s speech, someone opened fire in the crowd and then started shooting from one of the rooftops around the square. As a result of the stampede, several people were killed and injured.

In 1981, the holiday was banned yet again until 2009, when it returned as “Labor and Solidarity Day.”

In 2013, another incident took place in Taksim, where demonstrations were banned in Taksim Square, with a pedestrianization project given as the reason. It was advertised under the name “Taksim Urban Transformation Project” and was introduced to increase revenue. The polis (“police” ) used tear gas and water cannons against demonstrators who went ahead with their celebrations of the day anyway.

    → Check out our vocabulary list for Jobs / Work to pick up some useful words.

2. When is Labor Day?

A Person Standing in an Open Field on a Sunny Day

Each year, Turks celebrate Labor Day on May 1. This is the same date most of the world celebrates, except for the United States, which celebrates on the first Monday in September.

3. Labor Day in Turkish Culture: Celebrations & Traditions

People Putting on a Demonstration

On Labor Day, Turkey’s streets are often filled with marches and protests regarding insan hakları (“human rights” ) and işçi hakları (“labor rights” ). In 2019, events were mainly peaceful, and people observed Labor Day with songs, chants, and a moment of silence for five people who were killed in a traffic wreck on their way to a Labor Day event.

In Turkey, Labor Day is also a time for rest and relaxation for those who opt to stay at home or go out to quieter places with loved ones.

Depending on when May 1 is in a given year, there may be a full Labor Day weekend! For those not demonstrating, this is just a relaxing and fun holiday weekend off from work.

4. 2003 Labor Act

In 2003, a Labor Act was passed in Turkey, which enacted certain laws regarding labor. For example:

  • A 45-hour workweek (with fifty percent extra pay for overtime)
  • Fourteen days of paid leave for full-time laborers employed for at least one year
  • Minimum age of fifteen years for full-time employment

5. Must-Know Vocabulary for Labor and Solidarity Day

A Worker Wearing a Yellow Helmet and Gloves

Ready to review some of the vocabulary words from this lesson? Here’s a list of the most important words and phrases for Labor Day in Turkey!

  • Emek ve Dayanışma Günü — “Labor and Solidarity Day” [n.]
  • Miting — “Demonstration” [n.]
  • Yasak — “Ban” [n.]
  • Protesto yürüyüşü — “Protest march”
  • Emekçi — “Proletarian” [adj.]
  • Polis — “Police” [n.]
  • Biber gazı — “Pepper spray”
  • Hürriyet — “Liberty” [n.]
  • Işçi — “Laborer” [n.]
  • Işçi hakları — “Labor rights”
  • Adalet — “Justice” [n.]
  • Insan hakları — “Human rights”
  • Tutuklamak — “Arrest” [v.]

To hear the pronunciation of each word and phrase, and to read them alongside relevant images, be sure to check out our Turkish Labor and Solidarity Day vocabulary list!

Final Thoughts

We hope you enjoyed learning about Labor and Solidarity Day, Turkey’s history regarding this holiday, and some provisions of the 2003 Labor Act.

Do you celebrate Labor Day in your country? How do traditions there differ from those in Turkey? We look forward to hearing from you in the comments!

If you want to learn even more about Turkish culture or the language, you may find the following pages useful:

This is just the tip of the iceberg. For more fantastic Turkish-learning content, create your free lifetime account on TurkishClass101.com today. You can also upgrade to our Premium or Premium PLUS plans for exclusive lessons and content to help you learn Turkish faster.

Happy Labor Day, and good luck with your studies! 🙂

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Turkish

Essential Vocabulary for Life Events in Turkish


What is the most defining moment you will face this year? From memories that you immortalize in a million photographs, to days you never wish to remember, one thing’s for certain: big life events change you. The great poet, Bukowski, said, “We are here to laugh at the odds and live our lives so well, that death will tremble to take us.” The older I get, the more I agree with him!

Talking about significant events in our lives is part of every person’s journey, regardless of creed or culture. If you’re planning to stay in Turkey for more than a quick visit, you’re sure to need at least a few ‘life events’ phrases that you can use. After all, many of these are shared experiences, and it’s generally expected that we will show up with good manners and warm wishes.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Turkish
Table of Contents

  1. Life Events
  2. Marriage Proposal Lines
  3. Talking About Age
  4. Conclusion

1. Life Events

Do you know how to say “Happy New Year” in Turkish? Well, the New Year is a pretty big deal that the whole world is in on! We celebrate until midnight, make mindful resolutions, and fill the night sky with the same happy words in hundreds of languages. No doubt, then, that you’ll want to know how to say it like a local!

Big life events are not all about fun times, though. Real life happens even when you’re traveling, and certain terminology will be very helpful to know. From talking about your new job to wishing your neighbors “Merry Christmas” in Turkish, here at TurkishClass101, we’ve put together just the right vocabulary and phrases for you.

1- Birthday – doğumgünü

If you’re like me, any excuse to bring out a pen and scribble a note is a good one. When there’s a birthday, even better: hello, handwriting!

Your Turkish friend will love hearing you wish them a “Happy birthday” in Turkish, but how much more will they appreciate a thoughtful written message? Whether you write it on their Facebook wall or buy a cute card, your effort in Turkish is sure to get them smiling! Write it like this:

Doğum günün kutlu olsun

Older Woman Blowing Out Candles on a Birthday Cake Surrounded by Friends.

Now that you know the words, I challenge you to put them to music and sing your own “Happy birthday” song in Turkish! It’s not impossible to figure out even more lyrics, once you start discovering the language from scratch.

2- Buy – Almak

If there’s a special occasion, you might want to buy somebody a gift. As long as you’ve checked out Turkish etiquette on gift-giving (do a Google search for this!), it will be a lovely gesture. If you’re not sure what to buy, how about the awesome and universally-appealing gift of language? That’s a gift that won’t stop giving!

Two Women at a Counter in a Bookstore, One Buying a Book

3- Retire – emekli olmak

If you’re planning to expand your mind and retire in Turkey, you can use this word to tell people why you seem to be on a perpetual vacation!

Retirement is also a great time to learn a new language, don’t you think? And you don’t have to do it alone! These days it’s possible to connect to a vibrant learning community at the click of a button. The added benefit of a Daily Dose of Language is that it keeps your brain cells alive and curious about the world. After all, it’s never too late to realize those long-ignored dreams of traveling the globe…

4- Graduation – mezuniyet

When attending a graduation ceremony in Turkey, be prepared for a lot of formal language! It will be a great opportunity to listen carefully and see if you can pick up differences from the everyday Turkish you hear.

Lecturer or University Dean Congratulating and Handing Over Graduation Certificate to a Young Man on Graduation Day.

5- Promotion – terfi

Next to vacation time, receiving a promotion is the one career highlight almost everyone looks forward to. And why wouldn’t you? Sure, it means more responsibility, but it also means more money and benefits and – the part I love most – a change of scenery! Even something as simple as looking out a new office window would boost my mood.

6- Anniversary – yıl dönümü

Some anniversaries we anticipate with excitement, others with apprehension. They are days marking significant events in our lives that can be shared with just one person, or with a whole nation. Whether it’s a special day for you and a loved one, or for someone else you know, this word is crucial to know if you want to wish them a happy anniversary in Turkish.

7- Funeral – cenaze

We tend to be uncomfortable talking about funerals in the west, but it’s an important conversation for families to have. Around the world, there are many different customs and rituals for saying goodbye to deceased loved ones – some vastly different to our own. When traveling in Turkey, if you happen to find yourself the unwitting observer of a funeral, take a quiet moment to appreciate the cultural ethos; even this can be an enriching experience for you.

8- Travel – gezmek

Travel – my favorite thing to do! Everything about the experience is thrilling and the best cure for boredom, depression, and uncertainty about your future. You will surely be forever changed, fellow traveler! But you already know this, don’t you? Well, now that you’re on the road to total Turkish immersion, I hope you’ve downloaded our IOS apps and have your Nook Book handy to keep yourself entertained on those long bus rides.

Young Female Tourist with a Backpack Taking a Photo of the Arc de Triomphe

9- Graduate – mezun olmak

If you have yet to graduate from university, will you be job-hunting in Turkey afterward? Forward-looking companies sometimes recruit talented students who are still in their final year. Of course, you could also do your final year abroad as an international student – an amazing experience if you’d love to be intellectually challenged and make a rainbow of foreign friends!

10- Wedding – evlilik

One of the most-loved traditions that humans have thought up, which you’ll encounter anywhere in the world, is a wedding. With all that romance in the air and months spent on preparations, a wedding is typically a feel-good affair. Two people pledge their eternal love to each other, ladies cry, single men look around for potential partners, and everybody has a happy day of merrymaking.

Ah, but how diverse we are in our expression of love! You will find more wedding traditions around the world than you can possibly imagine. From reciting love quotes to marrying a tree, the options leave no excuse to be boring!

Married Couple During Reception, Sitting at Their Table While a Young Man Gives a Wedding Speech

11- Move – taşınmak

I love Turkey, but I’m a nomad and tend to move around a lot, even within one country. What are the biggest emotions you typically feel when moving house? The experts say moving is a highly stressful event, but I think that depends on the circumstances. Transitional periods in our lives are physically and mentally demanding, but changing your environment is also an exciting adventure that promises new tomorrows!

12- Be born – doğmak

I was not born in 1993, nor was I born in Asia. I was born in the same year as Aishwarya Rai, Akon, and Monica Lewinsky, and on the same continent as Freddy Mercury. When and where were you born? More importantly – can you say it in Turkish?

13- Get a job – iş bulmak

The thought of looking for a job in a new country can be daunting, but English speakers are in great demand in Turkey – you just have to do some research, make a few friends and get out there! Also, arming yourself with a few Turkish introductions that you can both say and write will give you a confidence boost. For example, can you write your name in Turkish?

Group of People in Gear that Represent a Number of Occupations.

14- Die – ölmek

Death is a universal experience and the final curtain on all other life events. How important is it, then, to fully live before we die? If all you have is a passport, a bucket list, and a willingness to learn some lingo, you can manifest those dreams!

15- Home – Ev

If home is where the heart is, then my home is on a jungle island completely surrounded by the turquoise ocean. Right now, though, home is an isolation room with a view of half a dry palm tree and a tangle of telephone wires.

If you’re traveling to Turkey for an extended stay, you’ll soon be moving into a new home quite unlike anything you’ve experienced before!

Large, Double-Story House with Lit Windows.

16- Job – iş

What job do you do? Does it allow you much time for travel, or for working on this fascinating language that has (so rightfully) grabbed your attention? Whatever your job, you are no doubt contributing to society in a unique way. If you’re doing what you love, you’re already on the road to your dream. If not, just remember that every single task is one more skill to add to your arsenal. With that attitude, your dream job is coming!

17- Birth – doğum

Random question: do you know the birth rate of Turkey?

If you’re lucky enough to be invited to see a friend’s baby just after they are born, you’ll have all my respect and all my envy. There is nothing cuter! Depending on which part of the country you’re in, you may find yourself bearing witness to some pretty unexpected birth customs. Enjoy this privilege!

Crying Newborn Baby Held By a Doctor or Nurse in a Hospital Theatre

18- Engaged – nişanlanmak

EE Cummings said, “Lovers alone wear sunlight,” and I think that’s most true at the moment she says “yes.” Getting engaged is something young girls dream of with stars in their eyes, and it truly is a magical experience – from the proposal, to wearing an engagement ring, to the big reveal!

In the world of Instagram, there’s no end to the antics as imaginative couples try more and more outrageous ways to share their engagement with the world. I love an airport flashmob, myself, but I’d rather be proposed to on a secluded beach – salt, sand, and all!

Engagement customs around the world vary greatly, and Turkey is no exception when it comes to interesting traditions. Learning their unique romantic ways will inspire you for when your turn comes.

Speaking of romance, do you know how to say “Happy Valentine’s Day” in Turkish?

19- Marry – evlenmek

The one you marry will be the gem on a shore full of pebbles. They will be the one who truly mirrors your affection, shares your visions for the future, and wants all of you – the good, the bad and the inexplicable.

From thinking up a one-of-a-kind wedding, to having children, to growing old together, finding a twin flame to share life with is quite an accomplishment! Speaking of which…

2. Marriage Proposal Lines

Marriage Proposal Lines

Ah, that heart-stopping moment when your true love gets down on one knee to ask for your hand in marriage, breathlessly hoping that you’ll say “Yes!” If you haven’t experienced that – well, it feels pretty darn good, is all I can say! If you’re the one doing the asking, though, you’ve probably had weeks of insomnia agonizing over the perfect time, location and words to use.

Man on His Knee Proposing to a Woman on a Bridge.

How much more care should be taken if your love is from a different culture to yours? Well, by now you know her so well, that most of it should be easy to figure out. As long as you’ve considered her personal commitment to tradition, all you really need is a few words from the heart. Are you brave enough to say them in Turkish?

3. Talking About Age

Talking about Age

Part of the wonder of learning a new language is having the ability to strike up simple conversations with strangers. Asking about age in this context feels natural, as your intention is to practice friendly phrases – just be mindful of their point of view!

When I was 22, I loved being asked my age. Nowadays, if someone asks, I say, “Well, I’ve just started my fifth cat life.” Let them ponder that for a while.

In Turkey, it’s generally not desirable to ask an older woman her age for no good reason, but chatting about age with your peers is perfectly normal. Besides, you have to mention your birthday if you want to be thrown a birthday party!

4. Conclusion

Well, there you have it! With so many great new Turkish phrases to wish people with, can you think of someone who has a big event coming up? If you want to get even more creative, TurkishClass101 has much to inspire you with – come and check it out! Here’s just some of what we have on offer at TurkishClass101:

  • Free Resources: Sharing is caring, and for this reason, we share many free resources with our students. For instance, start learning Turkish with our basic online course by creating a lifetime account – for free! Also get free daily and iTunes lessons, free eBooks, free mobile apps, and free access to our blog and online community. Or how about free Vocabulary Lists? The Turkish dictionary is for exclusive use by our students, also for free. There’s so much to love about TurkishClass101…!
  • Innovative Learning Tools and Apps: We make it our priority to offer you the best learning tools! These include apps for iPhone, iPad, Android and Mac OSX; eBooks for Kindle, Nook, and iPad; audiobooks; Roku TV and so many more. This means that we took diverse lifestyles into account when we developed our courses, so you can learn anywhere, anytime on a device of your choice. How innovative!
  • Live Hosts and One-on-One Learning: Knowledgeable, energetic hosts present recorded video lessons, and are available for live teaching experiences if you upgrade. This means that in the videos, you get to watch them pronounce those tongue-twisters, as if you’re learning live! Add octane to your learning by upgrading to Premium Plus, and learn two times faster. You can have your very own Turkish teacher always with you, ensuring that you learn what you need, when you need to – what a wonderful opportunity to master a new language in record time!
  • Start Where You Are: You don’t know a single Turkish word? Not to worry, we’ve absolutely got this. Simply enroll in our Absolute Beginner Pathway and start speaking from Lesson 1! As your learning progresses, you can enroll in other pathways to match your Turkish level, at your own pace, in your own time, in your own place!

Learning a new language can only enrich your life, and could even open doors towards great opportunities! So don’t wonder if you’ll regret enrolling in TurkishClass101. It’s the most fun, easy way to learn Turkish.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Turkish

Talk About the Weather in Turkish Like a Native


Did you know that every minute of the day, one billion tons of rain falls on the earth? Hard to believe, considering the climate crisis! Of course, all that rain is not equally shared across the planet.

So, would you mention this fascinating fact to your new Turkish acquaintance? Well, small talk about local weather is actually a great conversation-starter. Everyone cares about the weather and you’re sure to hear a few interesting opinions! Seasons can be quite unpredictable these days and nobody knows the peculiarities of a region better than the locals.

TurkishClass101 will equip you with all the weather vocabulary you need to plan your next adventure. The weather can even be an important discussion that influences your adventure plans. After all, you wouldn’t want to get caught on an inflatable boat with a two-horsepower motor in Hurricane Horrendous!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Time Phrases in Turkish

Table of Contents

  1. Talking about the weather in Turkey
  2. Words for the first day of spring
  3. Do You Know the Essential Summer Vocabulary?
  4. Must-Know Autumn vocabulary
  5. Winter
  6. TurkishClass101 can prepare you for any season.

1. Talking about the weather in Turkey

Talking About Weather

If you’re like me, your day’s activity plan is likely to begin with a strong local coffee and a chat about what the sky is doing. After all, being prepared could be the difference between an amazing day and a miserable one! Luckily, it’s not difficult to comment on Turkish weather – just start with these simple words and phrases.

1- The rain is falling on the street – Yağmur sokağa yağıyor.

Watercolor artists, take out your paints! You might not be able to venture out on foot today, but just embrace the rain as part of your Turkish experience. When the rain stops, the air will be clean and colours vibrant.

2- The snow has covered everything – Kar herşeyi kapladı.

A fresh blanket of snow is irresistibly beautiful. Pull on your boots and beanie, and leave your tracks in this foreign landscape. Don’t resist the urge to build a snowman – you need this!

3- Fluffy cloud – kabarık bulut

When you’re waiting for a warm beach day, fluffy white clouds in a blue sky are a good sign. Don’t forget your sunscreen, as clouds will intensify the UV rays hitting your skin.

Fluffy White Cloud in Clear Blue Sky

4- The water froze on the glass – Su bardakta dondu.

Night temperatures can get chilly and might freeze the condensation on your windows. A good way to clear them up is with warm salt water.

5- The heavy rain could cause flash flooding – Bu şiddetli yağmur ani sele neden olabilir.

If you’re visiting Turkey in the wet season, it’s important to stay informed when heavy rain sets in, so keep an eye on the weather radar. Avoid river activities and rather spend this time making a home-cooked meal and brushing up on your Turkish weather words.

Heavy Rain in a Park

6- Flood – sel

If you do get caught in a flood, your destination should no longer be ‘home’, but the nearest high ground.

7- The typhoon has hit – Tayfun vurdu.

Not all countries experience typhoons, but you need to know when to prepare for one! It will be very scary if you’ve never experienced one before. Your local neighbours are the best people to advise you on where to take shelter, as they’ve been doing it for generations. Be sure to get the low-down at the first sign of rough weather!

8- Check the weather report before going sailing – Yelkenle gitmeden önce hava raporunu kontrol edin.

When planning an outdoor activity, especially on a body of water, always be prepared for a change in the weather. Ask your hotel receptionist or neighbour where you can get a reliable daily weather report, and don’t forget your sweater!

Two Men on Sailboat

9- Today’s weather is sunny with occasional clouds – Bugünkü hava, zaman zaman bulutlu ve güneşli.

Sunny weather is the dream when traveling in Turkey! Wake up early, pack the hats and sunblock and go and experience the terrain, sights and beautiful spots. You’ll be rewarded with happy vibes all around.

10- A rainy day – yağmurlu bir gün

Remember when you said you’d save the Turkish podcasts for a rainy day? Now’s that day!

11- Scenic rainbow – manzaralı gökkuşağı

The best part about the rain is that you can look forward to your first rainbow in Turkey. There’s magic in that!

12- Flashes of lightning can be beautiful, but are very dangerous – Şimşek çakmaları güzel olabilir ama aynı zamanda tehlikelidir.

Lightning is one of the most fascinating weather phenomena you can witness without really being in danger – at least if you’re sensible and stay indoors! Did you know that lightning strikes the earth 40-50 times per second? Fortunately, not all countries experience heavy electric storms!

Electric Storm

13- 25 degrees Celsius – Yirmi beş santigrat derece

Asking a local what the outside temperature will be is another useful question for planning your day. It’s easy if you know the Turkish term for ‘degrees Celsius’.

14- Seventy-seven degrees Fahrenheit – yetmiş yedi Fahrenayt derece

Although the Fahrenheit system has been replaced by Celsius in almost all countries, it’s still used in the US and a few other places. Learn this phrase in Turkish in case one of your companions develops a raging fever.

15- A clear sky – Açık gökyüzü

Clear skies mean you’ll probably want to get the camera out and capture some nature shots – not to mention the great sunsets you’ll have later on. Twilight can lend an especially magical quality to a landscape on a clear sky day, when the light is not filtered through clouds.

Hikers on Mountain with Clear Sky

16- Light drizzle – hafif çisi

Days when it’s drizzling are perfect for taking in the cultural offerings of Turkey. You could go to the mall and watch a Turkish film, visit museums and art galleries, explore indoor markets or even find the nearest climbing wall. Bring an umbrella!

17- Temperature – sıcaklık

Because of the coronavirus, many airports are conducting temperature screening on passengers. Don’t worry though – it’s just a precaution. Your temperature might be taken with a no-touch thermometer, which measures infrared energy coming off the body.

18- Humid – nemli

I love humid days, but then I’m also a water baby and I think the two go
together like summer and rain. Find a pool or a stream to cool off in – preferably in the shade!

Humidity in Tropical Forest

19- With low humidity the air feels dry – Düşük nemli hava çok kuru hissedilir.

These are the best days to go walking the hills and vales. Just take at least one Turkish friend with you so you don’t get lost!

20- The wind is really strong – Rüzgar gerçekten şiddetli.

A strong wind blows away the air pollution and is very healthy in that respect. Just avoid the mountain trails today, unless you fancy being blown across the continent like a hot air balloon.

21- It’s windy outside – Dışarısı rüzgarlı

Wind! My least favourite weather condition. Of course, if you’re a kitesurfer, a windy day is what you’ve been waiting for!

Leaves and Umbrella in the Wind

22- Wet roads can ice over when the temperature falls below freezing – Islak yollar sıcaklık sıfırın altına düştüğünde buzlanır.

The roads will be dangerous in these conditions, so please don’t take chances. The ice will thaw as soon as the sun comes out, so be patient!

23- Today is very muggy – Bugün hava çok bunaltıcı

Muggy days make your skin feel sticky and sap your energy. They’re particular to high humidity. Cold shower, anyone? Ice vest? Whatever it takes to feel relief from the humidity!

24- Fog – sis

Not a great time to be driving, especially in unknown territory, but keep your fog lights on and drive slowly.

Fog on a Pond with Ducks

25- Hurricane – kasırga

Your new Turkish friends will know the signs, so grab some food and candles and prepare for a night of staying warm and chatting about wild weather in Turkey.

Palm Trees in a Hurricane

26- Killer tornado – Büyük hortum

If you hear these words, it will probably be obvious already that everyone is preparing for the worst! Definitely do whatever your accommodation hosts tell you to do when a tornado is expected.

27- It’s cloudy today – Bugün hava bulutlu.

While there won’t be any stargazing tonight, the magnificent clouds over Turkey will make impressive photographs. Caption them in Turkish to impress your friends back home!

Cloudy Weather on Beach with Beach Huts

28- Below freezing temperatures – dondurucu sıcaklıkların atında

When the temperature is below freezing, why not take an Uber and go shopping for some gorgeous Turkish winter gear?

Woman with Winter Gear in Freezing Weather

29- Wind chill is how cold it really feels outside – Hissedilen sıcaklık, dışarıda hissedilen gerçek sıcaklıktır

Wind doesn’t change the ambient temperature of the air, it just changes your body temperature, so the air will feel colder to you than it actually is. Not all your Turkish friends will know that, though, so learn this Turkish phrase to sound really smart!

30- Water will freeze when the temperature falls below zero degrees celsius – Su sıcaklık sıfır santigratın altına düştüğünde donar.

If you’re near a lake, frozen water is good news! Forgot your ice skates? Don’t despair – find out where you can hire some. Be cautious, though: the ice needs to be at least four inches thick for safe skating. Personally, I just slide around on frozen lakes in my boots!

Thermometer Below Freezing Point

31- Waiting to clear up – açılması için beklemek

Waiting for the weather to clear up so you can go exploring is frustrating, let’s be honest. That’s why you should always travel with two things: a scintillating novel and your Turkish Nook Book.

32- Avoid the extreme heat – aşırı sıcaktan kaçınmak

Is the heat trying to kill you? Unless you’re a hardened heatwave hero, definitely avoid activity, stay hydrated and drink electrolytes. Loose cotton or linen garb is the way to go!

Hand Holding a Melting Ice Cream

33- Morning frost – sabah kırağısı

Frost is water vapour that has turned to ice crystals and it happens when the earth cools so much in the night, that it gets colder than the air above it. Winter is coming!

34- Rain shower – sağanak yağmur

Rain showers are typically brief downpours that drench the earth with a good drink of water.

35- In the evening it will become cloudy and cold – Akşamüzeri hava bulutlanmaya başlayacak ve soğuk olacak.

When I hear this on the Turkish weather channel, I buy a bottle of wine (red, of course) and wood for the fireplace. A cold and cloudy evening needs its comforts!

Snow in the Park at Night

36- Severe thunderstorm – Şiddetli fırtına

Keep an eye on the Turkish weather maps if it looks like a big storm is coming, so you’ll be well-informed.

37- Ice has formed on the window – Camda buz oluştu

You could try this phrase out on the hotel’s helpful cleaning staff, or fix the problem yourself. Just add a scoop or two of salt to a spray bottle of water – that should work!

38- Large hailstones – Büyük dolu taneleri

As a kid, I found hail crazy exciting. Not so much now – especially if I’m on the road and large hailstones start pummeling my windscreen!

Large Hailstones on a Wooden Floor

39- Rolling thunder – şiddetli gök gürültüsü

The rumble of rolling thunder is that low-volume, ominous background sound that goes on for some time. It’s strangely exciting if you’re safely in your hotel room; it could either suddenly clear up, or escalate to a storm.

40- Sleet – Dolu

Sleet is tiny hard pieces of ice made from a mixture of rain and melted snow that froze. It can be messy, but doesn’t cause major damage the way hail does. Pretty cool to know this word in Turkish!

2. Words for the first day of spring

You know the feeling: your heart skips a beat when you wake up and spring has sprung! Spring will reward you with new blossoms everywhere, birdsong in the air, kittens being born in the neighborhood and lovely views when you hit the trails. Pack a picnic and ask a new Turkish friend to show you the more natural sights. Don’t forget a light sweater and a big smile. This is the perfect time to practice some Turkish spring words!

Spring Vocabulary

3. Do You Know the Essential Summer Vocabulary?

Summer! Who doesn’t love that word? It conjures up images of blue skies, tan skin, vacations at the beach and cruising down the coast in an Alfa Romeo, sunglasses on and the breeze in your hair. Of course, in Turkey there are many ways to enjoy the summer – it all depends on what you love to do. One thing’s for sure: you will have opportunities to make friends, go on picnics, sample delicious local ice-cream and maybe even learn to sing some Turkish songs. It’s up to you! Sail into Turkish summer with this summer vocab list, and you’ll blend in with ease.

Four Adults Playing on the Beach in the Sand

4. Must-Know Autumn vocabulary

Victoria Ericksen said, “If a year was tucked inside of a clock, then autumn would be the magic hour,” and I agree. Who can resist the beauty of fall foliage coloring the Turkish landscape? Birds prepare to migrate; travelers prepare to arrive for the best weather in Turkey.

The autumnal equinox marks the moment the Sun crosses the celestial equator, making day and night almost equal in length. The cool thing about this event is that the moon gets really bright – the ‘harvest moon’, as it’s traditionally known.

So, as much as the change of season brings more windy and rainy days, it also brings celebration. Whether you honor Thanksgiving, Halloween or the Moon Festival, take some time to color your vocabulary with these Turkish autumn words.

Autumn Phrases

5. Winter

Winter is the time the natural world slows down to rest and regroup. I’m a summer girl, but there are fabulous things about winter that I really look forward to. For one, it’s the only season I get to accessorize with my gorgeous winter gloves and snug down coat!

Then, of course, there’s ice skating, holiday decorations and bonfires. As John Steinbeck said, “What good is the warmth of summer, without the cold of winter to give it sweetness?” Get ready for the cold season with our list of essential Winter words!

Skier Sitting in the Snow

6. TurkishClass101 can prepare you for any season.

Now that you know how to inquire and comment on the weather in Turkey, you
can confidently plan your weather-ready travel itinerary. How about this for an idea: the next
time you’re sitting in a Turkish street café, try asking someone local this question:

“Do you think the weather will stay like this for a few days?” If you loved learning these cool Turkish weather phrases with us, why not take it a step further and add to your repertoire? TurkishClass101 is here to help!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Time Phrases in Turkish

Celebrating International Women’s Day in Turkey

Celebrating International Women’s Day in Turkey

International Women’s Day in Turkey, called Uluslararası Kadınlar Günü, is a very significant holiday, as it seeks not only to promote women’s rights, but to unite women from various backgrounds. In this article, you’ll learn all about Women’s Day, Turkey’s women’s rights, and more facts about the holiday.

Let’s get started.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Turkish

1. What is International Women’s Day?

International Women’s Day, celebrated in numerous countries around the world, is a special day set aside to honor women, show appreciation toward them, and most importantly, promote greater kadın hakları, or “women’s rights.” Women’s Day in Turkey has a particular focus on kızkardeşlik, or “sisterhood,” as women from a variety of backgrounds unite with a common goal.

Looking at the International Women’s Day history, it was first celebrated in the United States in 1909, the year that the Socialist Party of America set up an event in New York. The idea of a Women’s Day quickly spread to Europe, and many European countries celebrated their first International Women’s Day in 1911.

Since the early 2000s, women’s rights in Turkey have slowly made gains as a result of Turkey’s desire to become part of the EU. For example, in 2004, Turkey updated its laws to acknowledge the individuality of women as people, raised the legal age of marriage to eighteen, and determined that the man and woman in a marriage are equal. Later, in 2012, Turkey also signed the Istanbul Convention.

2. When is International Women’s Day?

A Group of Girls With Their Arms Around Each Other

Each year, International Women’s Day is celebrated on March 8.

3. Women’s Day Celebrations in Turkey

A Woman Smelling a Bouquet of Flowers

In Turkey, International Women’s Day is marked by many protests and marches, organized solely by women. During these protests, Turkish women speak out against and hold signs condemning many of the troubles that women in the country face. Some examples of these troubles are “domestic violence” (aile içi şiddet), “harassment” (taciz), and a remaining lack of “equality” (eşitlik) between men and women.

As we mentioned earlier, on International Women’s Day, Turkey’s women come together from various backgrounds to fight for feminism and equal rights. This is especially important, considering the discrimination often held against certain groups of women, particularly those who are nonreligious. Not only do the protests take a stand for women’s özgürlük, or “freedom,” from gender inequality, but they also promote a sense of unity and togetherness among Turkey’s feminist community.

Unfortunately, some of these protests have recently been met with violence and other forms of opposition.

4. International Women’s Day Color

Do you know what the official International Women’s Day color is?

Purple (mor) is recognized as the official color for this holiday. Other common colors that people wear on this day are white, green, pink, and sometimes red.

5. Essential Turkish Vocab for Women’s Day

Gender Signs Representing Equality on Blackboard

Ready to review some of the vocabulary words from this article? Here’s a list of the most important Turkish vocabulary for International Women’s Day!

  • Mor — “Purple”
  • Uluslararası Kadınlar Günü — “International Women’s Day”
  • Kadın — “Woman”
  • Kadın hakları — “Women’s rights”
  • Eşitlik — “Equality”
  • Oy hakkı — “Suffrage”
  • Kızkardeşlik — “Sisterhood”
  • Toplumsal cinsiyet — “Gender”
  • Özgürlük — “Freedom”
  • Taciz — “Harassment”
  • Aile içi şiddet — “Domestic violence”
  • Yürüyüş — “Parade”

To hear the pronunciation of each word, and to read them alongside relevant images, be sure to check out our Turkish International Women’s Day vocabulary list!

Final Thoughts

We hope you enjoyed learning about International Women’s Day in Turkey with us, and that you learned some valuable information today. Do you celebrate Women’s Day or a similar holiday in your country? Let us know in the comments!

If you’re fascinated with Turkish culture and want to learn more, check out the following pages on TurkishClass101.com:

Whatever your reasons for developing an interest in Turkish culture or the language, know that TurkishClass101.com is the best way to expand your knowledge and improve your skills. With tons of fun and immersive lessons for learners at every level, there’s something for everyone!

Create your free lifetime account today, and start learning with us.

Dünya Kadınlar Günü kutlu olsun! (“Happy International Women’s Day!” in Turkish) from the TurkishClass101 family!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Turkish

The Turkish Calendar: Talking About Dates in Turkish


Did you know there are many different types of calendars?

As you probably know – a calendar is a system of organizing days in weeks and months for specific purposes, according to Wikipedia.

Worldwide, most countries use the Gregorian calendar. Some just work on the same framework, meaning that time is divided into units based on the earth’s movement around the sun – the “solar calendar”. Other calendars keep time by observing the moon’s movements, a combination of the moon and the sun’s movements, and seasons.

Through TurkishClass101, you can learn all about this and so much more! Our themed, culturally relevant lessons are skillfully designed so you can do your planning perfectly for a holiday or a date.

Having a good plan for a visit or a trip is like studying well for an exam. You’re just so much better prepared! For that, you could well need specific phrases to plan around appointments and such, especially on business trips. Make sure to use the charts we provide here with the days of the week in Turkish, as well as the months in Turkish to navigate your way as you plan. Great resources!

Also – always remember to have fun!

Table of Contents

  1. Why Will It Help To Know How To Talk About Dates in Turkish?
  2. Talking About your Plans
  3. Can TurkishClass101 Help You In Other Ways Too?

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Time Phrases in Turkish

1. Why Will It Help To Know How To Talk About Dates in Turkish?

Days of the Week

Well, that’s not a difficult question to answer. No matter why you’re travelling, it would be best to at least know the names of days and months in Turkish. You don’t want to miss your flight or an appointment because you confused “Cuma” (Friday) with “Cumartesi” (Saturday)! Or maybe you planned a holiday for “Temmuz” (July), but you booked a flight for “Haziran” (June) by accident!

Avoid this confusion by learning the Turkish calendar before you leave.

Now, as promised, the 15 phrases to help you make and discuss plans.

2. Talking About your Plans

Months of the Year

Perhaps you’re working in Turkey, or maybe you’re enjoying a prolonged holiday. Fabulous! Memorize these phrases so you can be sure to successfully negotiate meetings, appointments, dates, events, the list goes on!

1. Bu haftasonu ne yapıyorsun?

“What are you doing this weekend?”

This question is usually a preamble to inviting someone somewhere. Given that it’s over the weekend, it probably means a casual get-together or another social event. (But not necessarily! A manager or boss could also ask this for entirely different reasons.)

It’s a handy phrase to know when you’ve made Turkish or expat friends in the country. Or, be the one doing the inviting. Then train your ear to learn the following phrases so you can understand the response.

2. Bu haftasonu seyahat ediyorum.

“I am traveling this weekend.”

This could be a reply if you’re not available because you’re doing other fun stuff.

No matter why you are visiting Turkey, do take the time to explore the country! It’s beautiful and it has so many wonderful, interesting spots ready to be visited.

Couple at booking in Desk

3. Evde kalmayı planlıyorum.

“I am planning to stay at home.”

Maybe you feel unwell, but don’t want to give too much information? Or maybe you have work to do? Perhaps you just need some quiet gardening time…it doesn’t matter. This response is polite and honest without oversharing.

It could also be a slightly open-ended response, depending on how you deliver it. Because hey, being home could still mean your plans are flexible, right?

That said – depending on your relationship with the inviter, nuances like these will probably not be so apparent in a foreign culture. So, best to use this excuse for declining an invitation only if you are truly set on staying in.

Woman Doing Gardening

4. Bu hafta meşgulüm.

“This week I am busy.”

Another polite phrase that gives a reason for declining an invitation but without oversharing details.

Don’t decline too many invitations, though! You don’t want people to think that you’re too busy to hang out with them. They will stop inviting you out, and you know how the saying goes – all work and no play makes Jack a dull boy…! Being social is good for the soul.

5. Yarın boşum

“I am free tomorrow.”

Yay! Perhaps you were approached by that person and they asked about your availability for a date. This would be a fine reply. Not too eager, but still indicating that you’re interested.

Or maybe you’re just replying to a colleague or manager’s request for a meeting. Polite, honest and clear.

Alternatively, you’re just busy right now, and plans are not going the way they were…well, planned. Compromise is a lovely thing! And this phrase sounds just like that.

Use it to indicate that you want to accommodate an invitation or the inviter’s plans, despite your current unavailability. Only if you are really free, of course.

6. Bunun zamanını yeniden planlayabilir miyiz?

“Can we reschedule this?”

So, life happened and you are unable to meet obligations or attend a planned meeting. This is a suitable question to ask if you wish to indicate your willingness to still engage with whatever is on the table.

Obviously you should (ideally) not ask to reschedule a party or big meeting! (Unless you’re the boss or it’s your own party, of course.) But if there’s reasonable wiggle room regarding arrangements, then this one’s your question.

Business Man Sitting with Schedule

7. Ay sonunda yeterli zamanım olacak.

“I will have enough time at the end of the month.”

A go-to phrase when events or activities are likely to take up a lot of your time, such as going away for a weekend, spending the day at a local market, or writing your manager’s quarterly report (with 20 flow-charts in Powerpoint) – anything that won’t only take an hour or two.

8. Size en uygun zaman ne zaman?

“When is the best time that suits you?”

Remember phrase #5? That was a possible reply to this question. Asked by your crush, very possibly! Or, it could be asked by any other person for any other reason, doesn’t matter.

If this is addressed to you, it usually means that the person respects your time and schedule, which is a good thing. It probably also means that their own schedule is flexible, another good thing.

This is also a polite question to ask when a manager or senior colleague wants to meet with you. Let them decide on the time, and be as accommodating as possible. This attitude shows respect for seniority – good for career building. (Within reason, of course. You don’t need to postpone your wedding or your paid-up holiday to Australia because your manager wants to see you.)

Screen Tablet Hotel

9. Bu tarih sizin için uygun mu?

“Is this date OK with you?”

But – if the other party insists that you choose a time for a meeting, appointment, or date etc., then do so! Respond with this nice, somewhat casual question that leaves space for negotiation, but only needs a simple reply.

Suitable for friends, and casual acquaintances and colleagues.

10. O gün müsait misiniz?

“Are you available on that day?”

This is the a-bit-more-formal version of the previous question. Again, it has room for negotiation, but only needs a simple response – nice and neat!

Maybe this is the go-to question when you’re addressing your seniors at work, or a person much older than you.

11. En kısa sürede yapabilir miyiz?

“Can we do it as soon as possible?”

This question has an urgency to it that should preferably be responded to with the same. A simple reply will be good – yes or no. Less negotiable, this is still polite because it’s a question that gives you a choice.

But stand ready with one of the phrases in this article to help tie down a time and date!

Couple Getting Engaged on a Bridge

12. Her akşam müsaitim.

“I’m available every evening”

If you’re going to reply with this phrase, context is everything.

– If it’s your manager asking you to put in a bit of overtime, and you are available to – great reply! When deadlines are tight and everybody is stressing, your willingness to go the extra mile can only improve your relationship with your boss.

(Still, no need to be a doormat! If you get asked to work overtime too often, or if everyone else is goofing around while you have to graft, then re-evaluate the situation. And if you feel you’re being exploited a bit, don’t stress! Equip yourself with the diplomatic, yet assertive responses right in this article.)

– If it’s an old friend or longtime significant other asking to hang out – good reply. You know one another and appearances don’t matter any longer.

– If it’s a new crush who just asked when you’d be available for a date – stop. Not such a great reply. Tone down a bit! “Interested but not overly eager” is what you’re going for here.

Refer back to response #5, or use a counter-question, such as #1. Whatever suits you.

But if they – or anyone else – invite you to scale the Himalayas with them, then the next phrase will probably be the only sane response!

Mountaineer in Snow

13. Bunu önceden iyice planlamalıyım.

“I need to plan this well in advance.”

So, as said under #9, perhaps you’re invited to join someone conquer the Himalayas.

Or your company manager wants you to plan the Party that Tops All Year-End Parties Forever.

Simply – if you get asked to do something that you know will need a lot of thorough planning, this is a good phrase to respond with.

It’s an assertive phrase that demonstrates two things regarding your attitude:

a) That you know your own abilities, and respect your own schedule.
b) That your respect other people’s time and schedule too.

Then just be sure to actually do that planning well in advance!

14. Başka bir tarih bulmalıyız

“We need to find another date.”

So, you’re in negotiations regarding a date.

This is an assertive statement that should probably not be used with a “My way or the highway” attitude.

That stuff only works in the movies – think sharp-tongued Samuel L. Jackson. Or fierce Kristen Stewart. Yea, they can be scary, so tone down that tone.

Also, be mindful that fickle people who change plans all the time don’t keep friends! Taking others’ needs into consideration, while simultaneously having your way is a delicate art that takes proper cultivation. Use this phrase sparingly – we have better ones here to negotiate with.

Rock Concert Hands in the Air

Of course, if your planned trip to the dentist falls on the same day as the only Billie Eilish concert close by…well, priorities are priorities. Feel free to call the dentist with this phrase. Or even better, use the next one.

15. O gün yapamam.

“I cannot do it on that day.”

This is the low-key-but-still-firm cousin of the previous phrase. You’re stating a personal fact, and depending on your tone, this can be as non-negotiable as you prefer.

Again, only use this when you really mean it, if you’re visiting Turkey or any other foreign country.

So, that’s it, folks! Which phrase did you find the most helpful? Let us know in the comments!

3. Can TurkishClass101 Help You In Other Ways Too?


Well yes, of course!

We think you will find these phrases easy to use when talking about dates and months in Turkish. But knowing how to employ them properly could help you avoid sticky situations!

TurkishClass101 is uniquely geared to help you with this and so much more.

This InnovativeLanguage.com initiative is one of many online language-learning courses. With us, you’ll find it easy and fun to learn a new language, and here are a few reasons why:

  • Immediately upon enrollment, you’ll receive hundreds of well-designed lessons to get you going.
  • Watch superb recordings of native Turkish speakers in cool slide-shows – the easy way to practice till you sound just like a native speaker yourself!
  • Also immediately upon enrollment, you’ll get access to a huge library of free resources! These include extensive, theme-based Vocabulary Lists and a Word of the Day List (For free, hot bargains!) These alone are sure to give your vocab-learning boxing gloves.
  • You’ll also immediately be able to use an excellent and free Turkish online dictionary. Necessary for quick, handy translations, no matter where you find yourself.
  • For the serious learner, there are numerous enrollment upgrades available, one of which offers you a personal, online Turkish host. Allow us to hold your hand and support you in your learning!

If you’re serious about mastering Turkish easily yet correctly, TurkishClass101 is definitely one of, if not the best, online language learning platforms available. Talking about your plans or dates in Turkish need not ever spoil your stay.

So, hurry up—enroll today!

Learn How to Talk About Your Family in Turkish


Did you know that only some reptiles and birds don’t parent their offspring? Except for crocodiles, all reptiles (and one family of bird species called megapodes) hatch from eggs and grow up alone, without any family.

The rest of us need family if we are to survive and thrive – humans and animals alike!

At TurkishClass101, we know how important family is. Therefore, we take care to teach you all the important vocabulary and phrases pertaining to family.

Table of Contents

  1. Why Is It Important to Know Turkish Vocabulary about Family?
  2. Learn a New Culture? Learn its Family Vocab first
  3. How TurkishClass101 Can Help You Learn Turkish Family Terms

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Family Phrases in Turkish

1. Why Is It Important to Know Turkish Vocabulary about Family?

Lioness with Cub

Well, if you’re serious about studying any new language, then learning about the most important social unit in Turkish culture would be a crucial part of your education.

What is family, though? Strictly speaking, it’s a group of people who live together and are supposed to take care of one another. Some of them are genetically linked.

Family isn’t just about who we’re related to by blood, of course. It’s also one of the main influences in shaping every child’s life.

Family is Important for Children’s Healthy Development

Phrases Parents Say

Family is the single most important influence in a child’s life. Children depend on parents and family to protect them and provide for their needs from the day they were born.

Primary caregivers, which usually comprise parents and family, form a child’s first relationships. They are a child’s first teachers and are role models that show kids how to act and experience the world around them.

By nurturing and teaching children during their early years, families play an important role in making sure children are ready to learn when they enter school.

Families Can Take All Shapes and Sizes

However, the way families are put together is by no means standard.

Mom and Daughter

Single-parent and same-gender households have become a new norm the past few decades, and there’s no shame in this. When there is love, connection and proper care, a child can thrive anywhere.

Everyone also knows that sometimes friends can become like family and remain with us for life, because it’s all about human connection.

After all, we share many commonalities simply because we’re human, and we are programmed to connect with one another and belong to a group. This is very important for our well-being and survival.

It’s All About Feeling Connected

As John Northman, a psychologist from Buffalo, NY, told WebMD – feeling connected to others contributes to mental as well as physical health.

He pointed out that when people feel connected, they feel better physically, and they’re also less likely to feel depressed.

Couples Chatting

Or, if they do feel depressed, they’d be in a better position to get out of it when they feel they are connecting with others. This is because they would be psychologically supported too, Northman said.

There has even been some links drawn between addiction and feeling disconnected from others. According to an article in Psychology Today, research indicates that addiction is not solely a substance disorder, but also affected by people feeling insecurely attached to others.

It showed that securely attached individuals tend to feel comfortable in and enjoy life, while insecurely attached people typically struggle to fit in and connect.

2. Learn a New Culture? Learn its Family Vocab first

So, it’s clear that for most of us, family is our entry point into connection and belonging. This is true of every culture, so in every country, family takes prominence.

For this reason, TurkishClass101 offers culturally-relevant lessons that will equip you well to understand families in Turkey.

Here are some of the most important Turkish vocabulary and quotes about family and parenting!

A) Turkish Family Vocabulary

Let’s start with the basic vocabulary. Without this collection of words, you’ll have a hard time describing any member of your family at all.

Family Terms
Great grandfather
büyük büyükbaba
büyük büyükanne
kız torun
erkek torun
kız kardeşler
erkek kardeş
Younger sister
kız kardeş
Younger brother
erkek kardeş
Older brother
Great grandmother
büyük büyükanne

Family of Three

B) Quotes About Family

Turkish Family Quotes

One of the ways to improve your Turkish language skills is by memorizing quotes from books, or poems.

Either source some from Turkish literature, or make use of ours!

Aileni seçemezsin. Onlar Tanrı’nın sana hediyeleridir; tıpkı senin onlara olduğun gibi.

“You don’t choose your family. They are God’s gift to you, as you are to them.” – Desmond Tutu

Aile önemli bir şey değildir. O, her şeydir.

“Family is not an important thing. It’s everything.” – Michael J. Fox

Aile demek kimsenin geride kalmaması veya unutulmaması demektir.

“Family means no one gets left behind or forgotten.” – David Ogden Stiers

Ailem benim hem gücüm hem zayıf noktam.

“My family is my strength and my weakness.” – Aishwarya Rai

Aile doğanın başyapıtlarından biridir.

“The family is one of nature’s masterpieces.” – George Santayana

Bela gelince, sizi destekleyen ailenizdir.

“When trouble comes, it’s your family that supports you.” – Guy Lafleur

Insan toplumunun ilk temel hücresi ailedir.

“The family is the first essential cell of human society.” – Pope John XXIII

Tüm aile için eğlenceli bir şey yoktur.

“There is no such thing as fun for the whole family.” – Jerry Seinfeld

Onurunu savunmak zorundasın. Ve aileni de.

“You have to defend your honor. And your family.” – Suzanne Vega

Bütün mutlu aileler birbirine benzer; mutsuz her aile kendine göre mutsuzdur.

“All happy families are alike; each unhappy family is unhappy in its own way.” – Leo Tolstoy

C) Test Your Knowledge!

Do you feel you have learned a lot in this blog? Let’s quickly test that!

In the table below, match the Turkish vocabulary on the left with the definition of the relative in the right column.

Relative Name Definition
1. aile a. My male child
2. anne b. My older male sibling
3. baba c. My female sibling
4. eş d. My child’s child
5. koca e. My child’s female child
6. ebeveyn f. My female parent
7. çocuk g. My grandparent’s mother
8. kız h. Mother to one of my parents
9. erkek evlat i. Relatives
10. kız kardeşler j. My female child
11. erkek kardeş k. My younger male sibling
12. kız kardeş l. Male spouse
13. erkek kardeş m. The father of one of my parents
14. ağabey n. My child’s male child
15. büyük büyükanne o. My children’s father or mother
16. büyük büyükbaba p. The sister of one of my parents
17. büyükanne q. The brother of one of my parents
18. dede r. My male parent
19. torun s. My sibling’s female child
20. kız torun t. My sibling’s male child
21. erkek torun u. My male sibling
22. teyze v. My parents’ sibling’s child
23. amca w. Female spouse
24. yeğen x. The grandfather of one of my parents
25. yeğen y. The person I am a parent to
26. kuzen z. My younger female sibling

How did it go? Don’t worry if you had trouble with it – you’ll get there! With a bit of practice, and our help at TurkishClass101, you’ll soon have these family terms under the belt.

Family Shopping

3. How TurkishClass101 Can Help You Learn Turkish Family Terms

We hope that we helped you expand your family in Turkish vocabulary!

TurkishClass101, with its innovative online learning system, stands out among online learning platforms to help you master Turkish easily.

Our lessons are tailored not only to increase your language skills, but to also inform you of Turkish culture, including the Turkish family structure.

When you sign up, you will get instant access to tools like:

1 – An extensive vocabulary list, regularly updated
2 – A new Turkish word to learn every day
3 – Quick access to the Turkish Key Phrase List
4 – A free Turkish online dictionary
5 – The excellent 100 Core Turkish Word List
6 – An almost limitless Lesson Library for learners of all levels

Further speed up your learning with the help of a personal tutor, who will first assess your current Turkish language abilities to personalize your training and tailor it to your needs.

Hard work always pays off, and to help you in this, TurkishClass101 will be there every step of the way toward your Turkish mastery!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Family Phrases in Turkish

Answers: 1.i. 2.f. 3.r. 4.w. 5.l. 6.o. 7.y. 8.j. 9.a. 10.c. 11.u. 12.z. 13.k. 14.b. 15.g 16.x. 17.h. 18.m. 19.d. 20.e. 21.n. 22.p. 23.q. 24.s. 25.t. 26.v.

TurkishClass101’s Essential Turkish Travel Phrase Guide


Traveling to foreign countries is nearly always an exciting, enriching, and beneficial experience. Yet, some things can be real downers, such as boredom on a lengthy flight to Turkey. Really, binge-watching onboard movies can only be interesting for so long! And jet lag – another huge downer. Did you know that jet lag is more severe when you travel from the West to the East?

Well, we won’t know how to beat that, but there are fortunately plenty of remedies around to investigate.

To beat flight boredom, though, we may have the answer for you at TurkishClass101! Why don’t you take the time to study Turkish travel phrases? We make this super easy and fun, with great downloadables, like our PDF Cheat Sheets. Quickly memorize these, and impress your Turkish friends or travel guide with your flawless Turkish!

Table of Contents

  1. Importance Of Learning Travel Phrases
  2. 13 Must-Have Travel Phrases and Words
  3. Good-To-Have Travel Phrases
  4. Ways To Improve Communication in a Foreign Country
  5. TurkishClass101 Can Help You Master Travel Phrases Easily and Effortlessly!


1. Importance Of Learning Travel Phrases

Impressing Turkish people or your travel partners will be the least of the benefits you reap from learning these helpful phrases. These are greater ones:

1) Eliminate Travel Frustration: First of all, you’ll be able to cut out a good chunk of travel frustration and inconvenience due to language barriers.

Know how to pronounce and use at least the basic Turkish phrases, and then just look foreign. This should go a long way to help you get by and win you friends, because locals would be more inclined to help someone who took the trouble to learn a smidgen of their language.

Injured Woman In An Ambulance

2) Emergency Readiness: In case of an emergency, you will be able to get help a lot quicker if you know how to ask for what in Turkish. Imagine miming to a doctor or nurse that you have a sore ear but that you’re allergic to penicillin. Not so easy, right?

Rather, you should know basic emergency travel phrases, especially if you suffer from a serious condition. Also, information about life-threatening allergies you have should always be on your person in the language of the country you’re visiting.

3) Sight-Seeing Readiness: Hopefully, you also travel to learn more about a country’s culture. Visiting the main tourist sites in Turkey will be more interesting if you know how to ask pertinent questions in Turkish.

In this blog, we’ll also be giving you important travel phrases to consider – from the 13 essential must-have phrases to ones that are just generally useful and good to know.

Let’s get cracking!

2. 13 Must-Have Travel Phrases and Words

Preparing to Travel

Seasoned explorers of multiple countries will tell you that certain words and phrases are absolute must-knows in anyone’s travel vocabulary. Learning from them, we collated some of the most essential ones here for you.

If you know these travel phrases and words by heart in Turkish, you will be much better equipped for your visit than most of your movie-binging travel mates.

1) Teşekkür ederim (Thank you)

As a tourist, you will be relying on the kindness of strangers to get by. Repay them with a small acknowledgment of their friendly generosity – know how to say “thank you” in Turkish.

2) İngilizce konuşuyor musunuz? (Do you speak English?)

While it may be a bit of a cop-out, sometimes you just can’t figure out how to communicate. Maybe you’re blanking on one specific word you need, maybe they’re speaking with a heavy accent, or maybe it’s just really late and you really want to get to the hotel. In that case, try asking if they speak English, and hopefully you can make things a little bit simpler for yourself.

Don’t abuse this phrase, though! If you just try to get by without learning any of the local language, not only will you not learn anything – you’ll be out of luck if they can’t speak English!

Man Greeting Someone

3) Havalimanından şehre otobüs var mı? (Is there a bus from the airport to the city?)

Public transit is usually cheaper, if slower, than taking a taxi or rideshare. Use this phrase to see if you can get where you’re going when you’re strapped for cash, or just when you’d like to take the scenic route into town!

4) Havalimanı için doğru otobüs bu mu? (Is this the right bus for the airport?)

Likewise, if you’re the kind of person who can get themselves moving early (or maybe you just have a late flight), maybe you want to take the bus to the airport rather than taking a cab. If that’s the case, you’ll want to be sure you’re actually heading the right way! You wouldn’t want to end up at a lookout point half an hour away, watching your flight take off in the distance, would you?

5) Affedersiniz, bilet ücreti kadar? (Excuse me, what’s the fare?)

If you are paying for a cab, you’ll want to know how much. Most legal taxis will have meters, but when dealing with a currency you’re not familiar with, it can be worth asking just to double check that you’re paying the right amount – especially if the currency has cents.

6) Rezervasyonum var (I have a reservation)

This one you can expect to use at least a few times throughout your trip, unless you’re the kind of person who travels by the seat of their pants and just goes to whatever hotel, motel, or hostel has rooms available.

7) Bu gece için boş odanız var mı? (Do you have any vacancies tonight?)

If that’s the case, you’ll definitely be using this phrase instead. Quite possibly a lot, depending on how lucky you are!

Couple with a Map

8 ) Tren istasyonu nerede? (Where is the train station?)

If you’re in a country with an expansive commuter rail system (or maybe just a fan of other types of locomotives), you may want to know where the closest station is. Just don’t go looking for pennies on the rails!

9) Benim fıstığa alerjim var (I am allergic to peanuts)

Replace “peanuts” with whatever the word for your allergen may be. If your allergy is serious, you probably already know the importance of stating this very clearly in Turkish.

If the condition is life-threatening, be sure to have a letter or prescription from a medical professional in Turkish on your person at all times. Consider getting a medical alert bracelet specially made in Turkish if your stay will be longer than a month or so.

Person Declining Meat

10) Herhangi bir vejetaryen yemeği var mı? (Do you have any vegetarian dishes?)

If you dislike eating certain things, or you have certain dietary restrictions, it would be best if you knew how to convey this clearly in Turkish.

Remember, though, that saying “I’m vegan” or “I’m diabetic” may not be enough to get you what you want. The rules for veganism and vegetarianism are not standard everywhere in the world. Also, your patron might not understand what “diabetic” means. If you have a medical condition, it would be best to research some in-depth vocabulary beforehand.

11) Harita alabilir miyim? (Could I get a map?)

Planning on exploring your destination? Hopelessly lost? Maybe just an amateur cartographer? No matter the reason, this phrase is sure to come in handy. That said, you’re more likely to get use out of it at some sort of tourist or travel center than you are asking a random passerby on the street.

12) Bu ne kadar? (How much is this?)

Even if you’re not a big shopper, you’re probably going to need this phrase at some point. Knowing how to count in Turkish will, of course, help a lot with purchases too.

13) Kredi kartı kabul ediyor musunuz? (Do you take credit card?)

This is another travel phrase that will smooth your monetary transactions considerably.

Man Giving Credit Card to a Clerk

3. Good-To-Have Travel Phrases

Travel Verbs

Unlike the previous phrases, these are not really essential so much as they are useful. Yet, knowing these will still smooth over some bumps on your journey, more than just knowing the crucial phrases would.

1) Wi-Fi ücretsiz mi? (Is the Wi-Fi free?)

If you’re abroad, your normal cellular plans probably won’t have any service, and you’ll be totally reliant on publically available Wi-Fi while you’re out and about. Just ask a server, clerk, or attendant, and they’ll be happy to let you know. Just make sure you’re paying attention when they tell you the password!

2) Bir resmimi çekebilir misiniz, lütfen (Could you take a picture of me please?)

What would a trip be with no photos to commemorate the event? Just be sure to ask this of someone who actually looks like they’d be willing to, unless you’re willing to risk being given the cold shoulder or worse. If you’re at a tourist attraction, you’ll find that most people are more than happy to take one for you, so long as you take one of them as well!

3) Öneriniz var mı? (Do you have any recommendations?)

Eating alone in a restaurant? Or going out with new Turkish friends or business colleagues? Let them help you decide what to have.

4) Ben sigara içilmeyen koltuk istiyorum, lütfen (I’d like to have a non-smoking seat, please)

Though smoking has gone out of fashion in some places, it’s still popular in others. In the event you’re at a restaurant where smoking is allowed on premises, you can always ask this question to the staff and be seated elsewhere.

5) Su, lütfen (Water, please)

If you’ve emptied your glass, or are cutting yourself off after a few drinks, you can always ask for some water. It can be especially useful if the restaurant is busy to the point you need to call out to someone to get service.

6) Ben hesabı alabilir miyim? (Could I have the check?)

To finish off the restaurant related phrases, if you’re eating with friends or really want to impress your colleagues, taking the bill can be a nice treat for them. Of course, this phrase could come in handy as well if you’re eating alone and you’re just impatient to leave.

7) Bir hediyelik eşya olarak ne tavsiye edersiniz? (What do you recommend for a souvenir?)

Now that your trip is over, what better way to cap it all off than a memento, or maybe a gift for friends and family at home? It’ll be nicer to have something recommended by the locals than a cheap bauble from the airport store, so go ahead and ask someone you’ve met what they think.

4. Ways To Improve Communication in a Foreign Country

Survival Phrases

When traveling, it’s possible to keep communication smooth when you don’t share a language.

Do so by keeping these five tips in mind. They are aimed to help you communicate with those who cannot speak English very well, and also to keep your traveling experience pleasant!

1. Keep your English simple and easy to understand.
If the person you are talking to speaks very little English, use basic verbs, adjectives, and nouns, and keep sentences short.

However, don’t patronize them by talking in pidgin or like you would address a child. Keep your speech simple but natural, and use the correct grammar.

For instance, don’t say: “You come when?”. If you say: “When will you come?”, you will very likely be understood, and may even help someone who wants to improve their English.

2. Ask someone to write information down.
Apply Rule 1 first at your hotel, where the staff is very likely to be able to speak some English. Get them to write down, in their native language, things like: “I would like to go to the airport, please,” “Please take me to the beach,” or “Where is the closest bathroom?”

These written questions are something you can then give to taxi drivers or any other people who are willing and able to help you. This simple step could make your life a lot easier when you travel to a foreign country!

3. Avoid asking leading questions!
If you want the correct information from a non-native English speaker, that is.

When you need directions, for instance, don’t ask: “To get to the bus stop, do I need to turn left here?” If the person didn’t really understand you, you will probably just get a smile and a “Yes,” which could possibly make you miss your bus.

Rather, you should ask: “Where is the bus stop?” If they understand you, you will get the correct directions.

4. Pick the right person to ask for help.
Time to look at people and think a bit about their appearance! A younger person who looks like they might be a student is more likely to have English skills than the friendly but ancient lady smiling at you from a fruit stall.

If you don’t see anyone like that, head into town to the nearest bank, hospital, pharmacy, or hotel. The staff at those places usually speak a bit of English.

5. Know when to quit.
If you stuck to the above rules, but the person you are talking to only stares at you blankly, say thank you and leave. Hanging around hoping someone will suddenly understand and respond is just wasting your time, and may irritate them as well. Go find someone else.

5. TurkishClass101 Can Help You Master Travel Phrases Easily and Effortlessly!

So, reader, have you found this article helpful?

Do you feel comfortable enough to use some essential travel phrases in Turkish? We’d also love to hear if you think we left out important travel phrases. Leave your suggestions and opinions in the comments!

TurkishClass101 takes the lead with many free learning tools to help you master Turkish reading and speaking easily, and in fun ways.

These tools include:

– An extensive vocabulary list, regularly updated
– A new Turkish word to learn every day
– Quick access to the Turkish Key Phrase List
– A free Turkish online dictionary
– The excellent 100 Core Turkish Word List
– An almost limitless Lesson Library for learners of all levels

You will also have access to topic-specific recordings like our Before You Travel: Survival Phrases lesson.

Learn even more efficiently with the help of a personal tutor, after taking an assessment test to personalize and tailor your training.

Getting a tutor is also a good option if you meet challenges in your learning, or need to fast-track correct pronunciation and diction. Your very own friendly, Turkish-speaking teacher will be only a text away on a special app, anywhere, anytime – an excellent option for business persons!

Using a guided learning system that was developed by experts in language and online education, you’ll receive personal feedback and constant support to improve in no time. You’ll also be tasked with weekly assignments in reading, writing, and speaking to hone your Turkish speaking skills.

Imagine how impressed your Turkish friends or colleagues will be when you display your excellent conversational skills! With TurkishClass101, getting there will be easy and fun.