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Lesson Transcript

Hello, everyone! I’m Selin from TurkishClass101.com. I hope you guys are having a nice day. Today, we are here with another Top Word Series. It is 5 sentence patterns for beginners. So if you’re a Turkish learner and a beginner, I’m sure, today’s lesson will be very useful for you.
1. ~ ne kadar? “How much for ~?”
~ ne kadar?
(Blah, blah, blah) ne kadar? “How much for ~?”
“How much for ~?”
So, ne kadar is used to understand the price of something or the value of something.
So now, let me give you different examples, so you can understand this grammar, this sentence pattern better.
Bu kıyafet ne kadar?
Bu kıyafet means “this dress” is how much?
Bu kıyafet ne kadar?
Or in our next example, let’s try to understand the distance between two places, okay? Let’s say from Ankara to Istanbul. Ankara is our capital city.
İstanbul'dan Ankara'ya ne kadar?
So, if you say it like this, the person may think you’re asking the price or the distance, so it depends on the conversation. If you just use ne kadar, then as I told you, it has two meanings, either price or distance, so you need to, how should I say it, it depends on conversation. It depends on what you’re talking before.
İstanbul'dan Ankara'ya ne kadar?
2. ~ biliyor musunuz? “Do you understand ~?”
~ biliyor musunuz?
~ biliyor musunuz? “Do you understand ~?”
Or actually, it means “Do you know…?”, do you know, do you understand? ~ biliyor musunuz?
When you say a fact about Turkey and if you end with biliyor musunuz, it means you’re asking the other person, “Oh, did you know this fact about Turkey?”
Okay, let’s give an example for better understanding. Turkey’s capital is Ankara. Let’s ask if the other person knows that or not.
Türkiye'nin başkentinin Ankara olduğunu biliyor musunuz?
Türkiye'nin “Turkey”
Başkentinin means “its capital.”
Ankara “Ankara”
Olduğunu means..., here it means “to be.”
Biliyor musunuz “Do you know” that Turkey’s capital is Ankara.
3. Benim adım ~ “My name is ~”
Benim adım (blah, blah, blah). “My name is ~”
So it’s very, very basic pattern of sentence for beginners, benim adım ~.
So let’s give an example.
Benim adım Selin.
Senin adın ne? “What is your name”
For name, we are using two words. First one is isim and the other one is ad, A-D. Both have the same meaning. You can use just any of them.
Senin adın ne?
Senin ismin ne?
Benim adım Selin.
Benim ismin Selin.
4. ~ nerede? “Where is ~?”
~ nerede?
~ nerede? “Where is ~?”
So if you’re a tourist in Turkey and if you get lost or if you just want to ask something like bathroom or station, then this is a very useful sentence pattern, “Where is ~?”~ nerede?
Let’s ask where is the station, where is the bus stop, okay.
İstasyon nerede?
İstasyon means “station.”
İstasyon nerede?
Let’s ask bus stop.
Otobüs durağı nerede?
Otobüs “bus”
Durağı, durağı “stop,” bus stop is where?
Or let’s ask bathroom / restroom.
Tuvalet nerede?
For bathroom, actually, you can either use tuvalet or lavabo. Lavabo is, I think, more polite compared to tuvalet, but both are not rude. I mean, you can use, but maybe there is this kind of, like difference. Lavabo is a bit more… it sounds a bit more polite.
Lavabo nerede?
Tuvalet nerede?
5. En sevdiğim [A] [B]. “My favorite [A] is [B].”
En sevdiğim [A] [B].
En sevdiğim [A] [B]. So “My favorite [A] is [B].”
En sevdiğim is so useful phrase, I think. You can use for anything; if you want to introduce yourself, if you want to tell the other person your favorite city, music, food, everything.
So, let’s start our examples.
En sevdiğim yemek köftedir.
So in this example, en sevdiğim is our, how should I say it, pattern, right?
En sevdiğim “My favorite”
And [A] in this example is yemek.
Köfte in this example is [B].
So en sevdiğim yemek köftedir.
“My favorite food is meatballs.”
Or let’s talk about music.
En sevdiğim müzik grubu Manga'dır.
I’m also giving information about myself.
So en sevdiğim…
Müzik grubu is what? [A], right?
And then Manga, it’s a name of a, like, band. Manga here is [B].
So my favorite band, music band is Manga.
My last example is for the cities.
En sevdiğim şehir Antalya'dır.
En sevdiğim şehir…
Şehir is [A] here.
Antalya'dır [B].
“My favorite city is Antalya.”
You can just give so many examples. Try it.
Okay, that’s it for today. I hope it was useful for Turkish beginners. I hope to see you guys in the next video. Bye-bye!