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Turkish Pronunciation

Learning to pronounce Turkish words is not very difficult, even though some of the words and sounds might seem foreign on your tongue when you first start using them. In time, and with practice, your Turkish pronunciation is going to be perfect. However, if you want to have perfect pronunciation skills you have to start with the basics and then build from there.

Sounds and Syllables

In the Turkish language, you will have 8 vowels - a, e, ı (un-dotted), i (dotted), o, ö, u, and ü. The language contains 21 consonants b, c, ç, d, f, g, ğ, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, r, s, ş, t, v, y, z. You will find that most of the letters in the language have pronunciation that is very similar to English, which is a good thing for those learning the language. When you have many letters and combinations of letters that sound similar together, it makes the learning process faster and more enjoyable.

However, you are going to find some exceptions to the rule when it comes to Turkish pronunciation, and it is very important to take note of these exceptions so you know what to do when they come up.

Remember that every letter in a word is pronounced in the Turkish language, and that each of the letters has only a single sound. One of the things that makes the language different from so many others is that they never combine two or more letters to make a new or different sound. Knowing this is going to make pronunciation when you see different Turkish words much easier.

In fact, this is one of the most difficult areas for English speakers to grasp. Because of all of the strangeness in the English language, with silent letters and similar rules, it can be easy to mispronounce words in Turkish. Remembering the above rules will help you, but it can take some time to get this into your head.


Trying to speak Turkish is not difficult once you understand proper Turkish pronunciation and you understand the basics of the grammar rules. One of the pronunciation issues that give some people trouble is the dotted and undotted “i” and “ı”. When you see the dotted version, you pronounce it as “ee” in the word see. The un-dotted version is pronounced with an “uh” sound, as in the word muss.

Pronunciation can seem tricky, but the more you learn and practice the easier it will become.