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Lesson Transcript

Gabriella: Hello, and welcome back to TurkishClass101.com. This is Absolute Beginner season 1, lesson 15 - A Long, Hot Turkish Summer. I’m Gabriella.
Feyza: Merhaba. And I’m Feyza!
Gabriella: In this lesson, you'll learn how to describe the weather using adjectives.
Feyza: It’ll be fun, and very useful!
Gabriella: The conversation takes place on the street during summer in Turkey.
Feyza: And it’s between Merve and Hakan.
Gabriella: They are close friends, so they use informal language.
Gabriella: Feyza, Turkish people enjoy the beauty of four seasons right?
Feyza: Yes! Lucky us (laughs)
Gabriella: Let’s talk a little about the weather in each season. How are summers, for example?
Feyza: Hot and dry.
Gabriella: And winters?
Feyza: Cold with long nights, and the daytime is usually foggy or cloudy. It's mostly rainy and sometimes there's snow, depending on the region.
Gabriella: I'm curious about spring.
Feyza: Mild and sunny. Totally enjoyable.
Gabriella: And autumn is cool and rainy I suppose?
Feyza: Yes, and sometimes we have crisp, but cool autumn days. I call those days perfect weather for sightseeing.
Gabriella: I’ll keep that in mind. So what type of climate zone is Turkey in?
Feyza: Continental. Apart from that, every region has its own climate and sometimes sub-zones.
Gabriella: We’re familiar with the Black Sea Region from our previous lessons. Let’s hear about the climate in that region.
Feyza: A mild oceanic climate dominates the Black Sea region all throughout the year.
Gabriella: There's a lot of rain, I suppose.
Feyza: There is. Don’t forget the cold and rainy winters and warm and rainy summers.
Gabriella: Feyza, when do you suggest our listeners visit Turkey?
Feyza: Generally speaking, late spring and early autumn - around September to mid October - should be fine.
Gabriella: I bet our listeners are looking forward to it.
Gabriella: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word we shall see is:
Feyza: Günaydın. [natural native speed]
Gabriella: Good morning.
Feyza: Günaydın. [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Feyza: Günaydın. [natural native speed]
Feyza: of [natural native speed]
Gabriella: humph/phew
Feyza: of [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Feyza: of [natural native speed]
Feyza: sıcak [natural native speed]
Gabriella: hot
Feyza: sıcak [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Feyza: sıcak [natural native speed]
Feyza: yaz [natural native speed]
Gabriella: summer
Feyza: yaz [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Feyza: yaz [natural native speed]
Feyza: genel [natural native speed]
Gabriella: general
Feyza: genel [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Feyza: genel [natural native speed]
Feyza: kuru [natural native speed]
Gabriella: dry
Feyza: kuru [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Feyza: kuru [natural native speed]
Feyza: tipik [natural native speed]
Gabriella: typical
Feyza: tipik [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Feyza: tipik [natural native speed]
Feyza: Akdeniz [natural native speed]
Gabriella: Mediterranean
Feyza: Akdeniz [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Feyza: Akdeniz [natural native speed]
And Last:
Feyza: iklim [natural native speed]
Gabriella: climate
Feyza: iklim [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Feyza: iklim [natural native speed]
Gabriella: Let’s take a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. I think our first word is an exclamation! Let’s hear it from Feyza!
Feyza: offff
Gabriella: Meaning, "humph." What does this exclamation show?
Feyza: Boredom, agitation, pain or fatigue.
Gabriella: Hmm, a short sound with many meanings.
Feyza: Indeed! For example, you’ll hear many Turkish people say, Off ne sıkıcı.
Gabriella: Meaning, "Humph, so boring!" What other contexts can we use this word in?
Feyza: Off off! Hiç büyümeyeceksin!
Gabriella: Meaning, "Honestly, you’ll never grow up!"
Feyza: Here, this double expression means the person speaking is in awe or bewildered, for example about somebody’s inappropriate behavior.
Gabriella: I heard some Turkish people use this exclamation when they are amazed or astonished. Can you give an example in this context as well?
Feyza: Sure! Of ne güzel!
Gabriella: "Wow, how beautiful!" Okay, let’s move on to our second word.
Feyza: Akdeniz
Gabriella: "Mediterranean"
Feyza: This is a compound word composed of ak meaning...
Gabriella: "white, clear"
Feyza: and deniz...
Gabriella: meaning "sea." Feyza, we know that the Mediterranean region is located in the southern part of Turkey because it borders the Mediterranean sea. So what's the most famous city in that region?
Feyza: Antalya, because it's a tourist hotspot.
Gabriella: Listeners, Antalya was a cradle for many civilizations. It has ancient Greek ruins, waterfalls, and beautiful sandy beaches. Now on to our final word.
Feyza: It’s İklim
Gabriella: It means "climate" in Turkish, and it's a loanword from Arabic. Let’s hear some contemporary terminology related to climate.
Feyza: İklim değişikliği
Gabriella: "Climate change"
Feyza: Küresel ısınma or Global ısınma
Gabriella: "Global warming"
Feyza: Sera etkisi
Gabriella: "Greenhouse effect." Okay, now onto the grammar.
Gabriella: In this lesson, you’ll learn the locative case.
Feyza: İsmin -de hali.
Gabriella: And it’s only one of the five Turkish noun cases. Let’s hear the others from Feyza.
Feyza: İsmin i hali
Gabriella: "Accusative case"
Feyza: İsmin e hali
Gabriella: "Dative case"
Feyza: İsmin den hali
Gabriella: "Ablative case"
Feyza: İsmin yalın hali
Gabriella: "Nominative case."
Feyza: Yay, we're done. Now let’s concentrate on ismin de hali.
Gabriella: The "locative case."
Feyza: Think about prepositions such as "in," "at," and "on" in English.
Gabriella: They help us identify the direction and the orientation of the verbs and other components in a sentence.
Feyza: Yes, instead of these prepositions, Turkish uses locative suffixes attached to the words.
Gabriella: Oh, now I understand what you mean when you say Turkish uses an extensive amount of suffixes.
Feyza: (laughs) It’s just the beginning!
Gabriella: So what kind of direction does the locative case signify?
Feyza: It shows a static position.
Gabriella: That sounds a little abstract, so let’s illustrate with an example or two.
Feyza: Sure thing...Ankara’da
Gabriella: "In Ankara"
Feyza: Evde
Gabriella: "At home." So what are the suffixes for the locative form?
Feyza: -da and -de.
Gabriella Now, remember our previous lessons for consonant harmony rules, listeners.
Feyza: The consonant d hardens and changes into t if the last letter of the word is one of the strong consonants.
Gabriella: Feyza, let’s review them one more time.
Feyza: Sure! The strong consonants are p, ç, t, k, s, h, ş, and f
Gabriella: So if the last vowel of the word is a back vowel...
Feyza: Like a, ı, o, or u; then we use the suffix -da.
Gabriella: When the last vowel of the word is a front vowel...
Feyza: For instance, e, i, ö, or ü; then we use the suffix -de.
Gabriella: So all in all, how many different versions have we got?
Feyza: Four. De, da, te, and ta.
Gabriella: As you can see, they change according to consonant mutation and vowel harmony rules. Okay, let’s give an example.
Feyza: Ağaç
Gabriella: "tree"
Feyza: This word ends with ç, which is one of the strong consonants we named just a second ago. It makes d becomes the hard consonant t.
Gabriella: Okay. So what is the locative version for this noun?
Feyza: Ağaçta.
Gabriella: Our listeners should keep in mind that there are exceptions, especially with loanwords.
Feyza: Definitely! And please check the lesson notes for further details.
Gabriella: Phew, we made it to the end of a very intensive lesson with a strong grammar focus.
Feyza: Listeners, thank you very much for your attention and we’ll see you in our next lesson!
Gabriella: Bye everyone!
Feyza: Hoşçakalın!


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Monday at 6:30 pm
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Hello Listeners! Do you have 4 seasons in your country?

Thursday at 8:15 pm
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Hi Kevin

Interesting 😄 Don't you have winters there?



Team TurkishClass101.com

Tuesday at 12:22 am
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Danimarka'da iki mevsimler var; ilkhabar ve sonhabar.